MAJOR FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUM ¹Kimpee I. Blahing ²Researcher/DiscussantRepublic of the PhilippinesMINDANAO STATE UNIVERSITYCOLLEGE OF EDUCATIONGeneral Santos CityTopical ReportED106– Curriculum Development,Presented to:Dr. Jioharia L. NicartA.Y. 2012-2013.
MAJOR FOUNDATIONS OF CURRICULUMPhilosophicalFoundationsof CurriculumPsychologicalFoundationsof CurriculumSocialFoundationsof CurriculumHistoricalFoundationsof CurriculumCURRICULUM
•Franklin Bobbit (1876-1956) -presented curriculum as ascience that emphasizes onstudents need. Curriculumprepares for adult life.•Werret Charters (1875-1952)- considered curriculum alsoas a science which is basedon students need and theteachers plan the activities.Curriculum theorists :Historical Foundations of Curriculum
•Harold Rugg (1886-1960) -Curriculum should develop thewhole child. He emphasizedsocial studies in the curriculumand the teacher plans the lessonin advance.Curriculum theorists :•William Kilpatrick (1871-1965) - viewed curriculum aspurposeful activities which arechild-centered. The purpose ofcurriculum is childdevelopment and growth.Historical Foundations of Curriculum
Curriculum theorists :•Hollis Caswell (1901-1989) -sees curriculum as organizedaround social functions ofthemes, organized knowledgeand earners interests.•Ralph Tyler (1902-1994) - believesthat curriculum is a science and anextension of schools philosophy.Historical Foundations of Curriculum
Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum1.Behaviorists Psychology2.Cognitive Psychology3. Humanistic Psychology
Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum1.BehavioristsPsychology - considerthat learning should beorganized in order thatstudents can experiencesuccess in the process ofmastering the subjectmatter
Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum2.CognitivePsychology - focustheir attention on howindividuals processinformation and howthe monitor andmanage thinking.
Three major groups of learning theories:Psychological Foundations of Curriculum3. HumanisticPsychology -concerned withhow learners candevelop theirhuman potential.
Social Foundations of CurriculumSchools exist within the social context.Schools are made to help to understand thechanges globalization brings.The relationship of curriculum andsociety is mutual and encompassing.Schools are not only institutions that caneducate people in the society.
QUESTION: How do philosophy, psychology,history and society influence thedevelopment of the curriculum?