Top 10 basics of sp ed

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Overview of special education terms and processes.

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Top 10 basics of sp ed

  1. 1. The Top 10 Basics of Special Education<br />
  2. 2. This module looks at:<br />10...<br />… Steps in the special education process<br />5...<br />… Acronyms to know<br />5...<br />… Key terms defined<br />
  3. 3. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 1.Child is identified as possibly needing special education and related services<br />
  4. 4. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 1.Child is identified as possibly needing special education and related services<br />Step 2.Child is evaluated<br />
  5. 5. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 3.Eligibility is decided<br />Parents are part of the group that decides eligibility<br />
  6. 6. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 3.Eligibility is decided<br />Yes<br />Step 4.Child is found eligible for services<br />
  7. 7. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 5.IEP meeting is scheduled<br />
  8. 8. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 6.IEP meeting is held, and the IEP is written<br />
  9. 9. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 7.Services are provided<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 8.Progress is measured and reported to parents<br />
  11. 11. 10<br />Steps:The Basics of Special Education Process under IDEA<br />Step 9.IEP is reviewed<br />Step 10.Child is reevaluated<br />
  12. 12. Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />Guess what 5 acronyms are so important, they made this list<br />
  13. 13. Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />“Yes, please bring me the alphabet soup.”<br />
  14. 14. Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />IDEA<br />Individuals with Disabilities Education Act<br />Our nation’s special education law<br />
  15. 15. Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />FAPE<br />Free Appropriate Public Education<br />What States must make available to all eligible children with disabilities<br />
  16. 16. Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />IEP<br />Individualized Education Program<br />Every public school child with disabilities receiving IDEA-funded special education must have one<br />
  17. 17. 5<br />Basics about the IEP<br /><ul><li>Individualized
  18. 18. Written plan for a child’s education
  19. 19. Written by parents and school staff together
  20. 20. Lists the special education the child will receive, and more
  21. 21. Is both a document and a process</li></li></ul><li>Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />LRE<br />Least Restrictive Environment<br />Children with disabilities are to be educated with children who do not have disabilities, to the maximum extent appropriate<br />
  22. 22. Acronyms Defined<br />5<br />TA&D<br />Technical Assistance & Dissemination Network<br />Need help?<br />
  23. 23. Acronyms <br />5<br />IEP<br />TA&D<br />IDEA<br />LRE<br />FAPE<br />
  24. 24. (a) General. (1) Child with a disabilitymeans a child evaluated in accordance with §§300.304 through 300.311 as having mental retardation, a hearing impairment (including deafness), a speech or language impairment, a visual impairment (including blindness), a serious emotional disturbance (referred to in this part as ‘‘emotional disturbance’’), an orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, an other health impairment, a specific learning disability, deaf-blindness, or multiple disabilities, and who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services. <br /> (2)(i) Subject to paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section, if it is determined, through an appropriate evaluation under §§300.304 through 300.311, that a child has one of the disabilities identified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, but only needs a related service and not special education, the child is not a child with a disability under this part. <br /> (ii) If, consistent with §300.39(a)(2), the related service required by the child is considered special education rather than a related service under State standards, the child would be determined to be a child with a disability under paragraph (a)(1) of this section.<br />Childwith a Disability<br />Definition <br />#6<br />
  25. 25. Child with a disabilitymeans a child evaluated in accordance with §§300.304 through 300.311 as having…<br /><ul><li>autism
  26. 26. deaf-blindness
  27. 27. deafness
  28. 28. emotional disturbance
  29. 29. hearing impairment
  30. 30. mental retardation
  31. 31. multiple disabilities
  32. 32. orthopedic impairment
  33. 33. other health impairment
  34. 34. specific learning disability
  35. 35. speech or language impairment
  36. 36. traumatic brain injury or
  37. 37. visual impairment (including blindness)</li></ul>…and who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services. <br />
  38. 38. Who, by reason thereof…<br />
  39. 39. *(or any subset of that age range)<br />C hild with a Disability<br />Under §300.8(b), a State may adopt a definition of “child with a disability” that includes:<br />Children aged 3 through 9* who are experiencing “developmental delays”<br />
  40. 40. D evelopmental Delay?<br />Defined by the State<br />Measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in 1 or more of these areas:<br /><ul><li>physical development
  41. 41. cognitive development
  42. 42. communication development
  43. 43. social or emotional development or
  44. 44. adaptive development</li></ul>Definition includes that all-important “by reason thereof ”<br />
  45. 45. Special Education<br />Definition <br />#7<br />…specially designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability…” <br />This includes:<br />“(A) instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and <br />“(B) instruction in physical education”<br />
  46. 46. Related Services<br />Definition <br />#8<br />§ 300.34 Related services.<br />(a) General. Related servicesmeans transportation and such developmental,<br />corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a<br />disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language<br />pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school<br />health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training. <br />(b) Exception; services that apply to children with surgically implanted devices, including cochlear implants. (1) Related services do not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, the optimization of that device’s functioning (e.g., mapping), maintenance of that device, or the replacement of that device…<br />
  47. 47. Related Services<br />Definition <br />#8<br />Related servicesmeans transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services… <br />…as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education…<br />
  48. 48. Related Services<br />Definition <br />#8<br />…and includes—<br /><ul><li>speech-language pathology and audiology services
  49. 49. interpreting services
  50. 50. psychological services
  51. 51. physical and occupational therapy
  52. 52. recreation, including therapeutic recreation
  53. 53. early identification and assessment of disabilities in children
  54. 54. counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling
  55. 55. orientation and mobility services
  56. 56. medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes
  57. 57. school health services and school nurse services
  58. 58. social work services in schools
  59. 59. parent counseling and training</li></li></ul><li>Supplementary Aids and Services<br /> Supplementary aids and services means <br />aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes, other <br />education-related settings, <br />and in extracurricular and <br />nonacademic settings, <br />to enable children with <br />disabilities to be educated <br />with nondisabled children <br />to the maximum extent <br />appropriate in accordance <br />with §§300.114 through 300.116…<br />Definition <br />#9<br />
  60. 60. Transition Services<br />Definition <br />#10<br />(a) Transition servicesmeans a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that—<br /> (1) Is designed to be within a results-oriented process, that is focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of the child with a disability to facilitate the child’s movement from school to post-school activities, including postsecondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation;<br /> (2) Is based on the individual child’s needs, taking into account the child’s strengths, preferences, and interests; and includes—<br /> (i) Instruction;<br /> (ii) Related services;<br /> (iii) Community experiences;<br /> (iv) The development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives; and<br /> (v) If appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and provision of a functional vocational evaluation.<br /> (b) Transition servicesfor children with disabilities may be special education, if provided as specially designed instruction, or a related service, if required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education.<br />
  61. 61. Transition services are intended to help youth with disabilities make the transition from the world of secondary school to the world of adulthood<br />
  62. 62. Transition Services<br />Definition <br />#10<br />(a) Transition services means a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that—<br /> (1) Is designed to be within a results-oriented process, that is focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of the child with a disability to facilitate the child’s movement from school to post-school activities, including postsecondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation;<br />(2) Is based on the individual child’s needs, taking into account the child’s strengths, preferences, and interests; and includes—<br />(i) Instruction;<br /> (ii) Related services;<br /> (iii) Community experiences;<br /> (iv) The development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives; and<br /> (v) If appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and provision of a functional vocational evaluation.<br />
  63. 63. Transition Services<br />Definition <br />#10<br />(a) Transition services means a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that—<br />(1) Is designed to be within a results-oriented process…<br />(2) Is based on the individual child’s needs…<br />…and includes—<br />(i) Instruction;<br /> (ii) Related services;<br /> (iii) Community experiences;<br /> (iv) The development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives; and<br /> (v) If appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and provision of a functional vocational evaluation.<br />
  64. 64. You’ve just consumed practically the entire platter of special education and IDEA’s most essential concepts and principles.<br />

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