Jamestown 001

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Jamestown 001

  1. 1. Jamestown VA History – Fourth Grade
  2. 2. Reasons for English colonization in America
  3. 3. Reasons for English colonization in America <ul><ul><li>England hoped to find silver and gold in America. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Reasons for English colonization in America <ul><ul><li>England hoped to find silver and gold in America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An American Settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England, while opening new markets for trade. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Jamestown was primarily an economic venture.
  6. 6. Jamestown was primarily an economic venture. <ul><li>The stockholders of the Virginia Company of London financed the settlement of Jamestown. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jamestown was primarily an economic venture. <ul><li>The stockholders of the Virginia Company of London financed the settlement of Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown became the first permanent English settlement in North America in 1607. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>When the settlers arrived in 1607, Jamestown was located on a narrow peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Jamestown is located on an island in the James River. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reasons for Site Choice:
  10. 10. Reasons for Site Choice: <ul><li>The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reasons for Site Choice: <ul><li>The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish). </li></ul><ul><li>The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reasons for Site Choice: <ul><li>The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish). </li></ul><ul><li>The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed they had a good supply of fresh water. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London.
  14. 14. The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London. <ul><li>The charters gave the Virginia Company the right to establish a settlement in North America. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London. <ul><li>The charters gave the Virginia Company the right to establish a settlement in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>The first charter of the Virginia Company of London established companies to begin colonies in the New World. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London. <ul><li>The charters gave the Virginia Company the right to establish a settlement in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>The first charter of the Virginia Company of London established companies to begin colonies in the New World. </li></ul><ul><li>The charters extended English rights to the colonists. </li></ul>
  17. 17. System of Government <ul><li>In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the Virginia Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The Assembly included two citizen representatives (called “burgesses”) </li></ul><ul><li>from each of the divisions of Virginia, the governor’s council, and the governor. </li></ul><ul><li>(At that time, only adult men were considered citizens.) </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>By the 1640’s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Virginia House of Burgesses <ul><li>The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Virginia House of Burgesses <ul><li>The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government. </li></ul><ul><li>It became the General Assembly of Virginia, which continues to this day. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The arrival of women in 1620 made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement at Jamestown. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Hardships Faced By The Settlers
  25. 25. Hardships Faced By The Settlers <ul><li>The site they chose to live on was marshy and lacked safe drinking water. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Hardships Faced By The Settlers <ul><li>The site they chose to live on was marshy and lacked safe drinking water. </li></ul><ul><li>The settlers lacked some skills necessary to provide for themselves. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Hardships Faced By The Settlers <ul><li>The site they chose to live on was marshy and lacked safe drinking water. </li></ul><ul><li>The settlers lacked some skills necessary to provide for themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Many settlers died of starvation and disease. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Changes That Ensured Survival <ul><li>The arrival of two supply ships </li></ul>
  29. 29. Changes That Ensured Survival <ul><li>The arrival of two supply ships </li></ul><ul><li>The forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith </li></ul>
  30. 30. Changes That Ensured Survival <ul><li>The arrival of two supply ships </li></ul><ul><li>The forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith </li></ul><ul><li>The emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Captain John Smith initiated trading relationships with the Powhatans. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Captain John Smith initiated trading relationships with the Powhatans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Powhatans traded food, furs, and leather with the English in exchange for tools, pots, guns, and other goods. </li></ul>
  33. 33. The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways.
  34. 34. The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways. <ul><li>Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. </li></ul>
  35. 35. The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways. <ul><li>Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive. </li></ul>
  36. 36. The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways. <ul><li>Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive. </li></ul><ul><li>The Powhatans introduced new crops to the English, including corn and tobacco. </li></ul>
  37. 37. The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways. <ul><li>Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive. </li></ul><ul><li>The Powhatans introduced new crops to the English, including corn and tobacco. </li></ul>The Powhatan people realized the English settlement would continue to grow. The Powhatans saw the colonists as invaders that would take over their land.
  38. 38. Jamestown Websites <ul><li>Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.virtualjamestown.org/tscreators.html </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown Settlement Panorama </li></ul><ul><li>http://nature.berkeley.edu/departments/espm/env-hist/espm160/assignments/jamestownall/jamesc_pan.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown Interactive (temp. allow pop-ups) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.historyglobe.com/jamestown/# </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown Web Activity http://scott.k12.va.us/martha2/jamestown.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/VaStudiesTests.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Quia Quiz on Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.quia.com/quiz/451552.html </li></ul><ul><li>VA Indians VS.2D </li></ul><ul><li>http://virginiaindians.pwnet.org/index.php </li></ul>

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