American Revolution


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American Revolution

  1. 1. The American Revolution
  2. 2. What were the major causes of the American Revolutionary War?
  3. 3. England and the American colonies had disagreements.
  4. 4. They disagreed about several things: <ul><li>Who would pay for the French and Indian War? </li></ul><ul><li>Who would make the laws to govern the colonies? </li></ul><ul><li>Did England have the right to tax the colonists without their permission? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What were the major causes of conflict between Virginia and England? Map of England Early map of Virginia Virginia and the American Revolution
  6. 6. <ul><li>Conflict developed between England and the Virginia colony </li></ul><ul><li>over taxation </li></ul><ul><li>over lack of representation </li></ul>The Tower Bridge in London, England Virginians did not want to pay more and more taxes to England. The English Parliament made laws affecting Virginia, without giving Virginians a chance to vote on those laws. A part of the fence at Buckingham Palace in London
  7. 7. Virginians had become used to making their own laws. The House of Burgesses was the first representative government in the New World (North and South America).
  8. 8. Virginians wanted to keep on making their own laws.
  9. 9. Finance: pay for England wanted the colonies to finance a large part of the cost of the war, by paying higher taxes. <ul><li>Over who would pay for the French and Indian War </li></ul>Conflict developed between England and the Virginia colony
  10. 10. <ul><li>over the source of political authority. </li></ul>The colonists favored local assemblies. England wanted Parliament to rule the colonies. Source:beginning Authority: power to enforce laws (make people obey)
  11. 11. How did Virginians respond to the growing conflict between the colonists and Great Britain?
  12. 12. Virginians participated in events leading to war with England.
  13. 13. Virginians boycotted British goods. Boycott: to refuse to buy or participate in something you believe is wrong
  14. 14. Virginians and leaders from other British colonies formed Committees of Correspondence. These committees shared thoughts, ideas, and plans about how they should react to how the colonies were being treated by England. King George III of England
  15. 15. Virginians participated in Continental Congresses. Philadelphia Continental Congresses were groups of men who met to decide what to do. They came from all 13 of the British colonies. They met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, because it was in the middle of the colonies, and people could get there from all 13 of the colonies.
  16. 16. It was at a Continental Congress that the Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776.
  17. 17. Virginians joined militias. Militias were local troops who joined together to defend their homelands. They later became the armies of the American Revolution.
  18. 18. Virginians organized the Virginia Convention. The men who went to the Virginia Conventions decided what to do about the problems with England. Eventually they decided to fight England for independence.
  19. 19. Virginians appointed Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence.
  20. 20. What role did Virginians play in the struggle for independence?
  21. 21. During the Revolutionary War, Virginians played several roles in the struggle for American independence.
  22. 22. Virginians fought against the British from the Battle of Great Bridge to the siege of Yorktown
  23. 23. Virginians provided food, clothing and supplies for the Continental Army.
  24. 24. Women of Virginia ran the farms and supported troops.
  25. 25. How did African Americans feel about the Revolutionary War?
  26. 26. African Americans were divided about the war.
  27. 27. James Armistead Laffayette was an African-American who spied on the British.
  28. 28. Other African-Americans fought for the British because of the promise of freedom.