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(3311) vegan diet and type 2 diabetes

(3311) vegan diet and type 2 diabetes






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    (3311) vegan diet and type 2 diabetes (3311) vegan diet and type 2 diabetes Presentation Transcript

    • By: Kimberly Bass
    •  Type 2 Diabetes Vegan Diet Benefits of the Vegan Diet vs. CarbCounting
    •  Body does not produce insulin or Body does not properly use insulin Insulin-needed to convert sugar and starchesinto energyDiabetes Fact Sheet (American Diabetes Association)
    •  Fastest growing disease in the country (about 21million Americans) 1 of 3 Americans will develop diabetes in theirlifetime Fifth leading cause of death by disease in theU.S. 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2 May be due to lack of exercise or obesity“Type 2 diabetes” (http://www.netdoctor.co.uk)Diabetes Fact Sheet (American Diabetes Association)
    •  Signs include: Thirst Frequent urination Fatigue Frequent infections“Type 2 diabetes” (http://www.netdoctor.co.uk)
    •  Having Type 2 Diabetes may lead to: Heart disease High blood pressure Stroke Kidney disease Nervous system disease Blindness AmputationDiabetes Fact Sheet (American Diabetes Association)
    •  High in dietary fiber, wholegrains, legumes and nuts No meat, fish or poultry No animal by-products Eggs Dairy Honey“Veganism in a Nutshell” (www.vrg.org)“Vegetarian Diets and Diabetes”
    •  Vegans tend to have lower cholesterol than non-vegetarians Low fat vegan diets associated with: increased insulin sensitivity reductions in cardiovascular risk factors(www.veganhealth.org)“A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in thetreatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74 weekclinical trial”
    •  12 week study N=99 (low fat vegan diet n=48, ADA guidelines n=50) Results: 43% of people on the vegan diet reduced medicationsvs. 26% of people following the ADA guidelines Fasting serum glucose concentration dropped 28% forthe vegan group vs. only a 12% drop for the groupfollowing ADA guidelines LDL cholesterol fell 21.2% in the vegan group and10.7% in the group following ADA guidelines“A Low-Fat Vegan Diet Improves Glycemic Control and CardiovascularRisk Factors in a Randomized Clinical Trial in Individuals with Type 2Diabetes”
    •  Women’s Health Study Over 37,000 women age 45 and older 8.8 year study Highest quintile of red meat consumption-28%increased risk for diabetes Highest quintile of processed meat-23%increased risk for diabetes Adventist Mortality Study and Adventist HealthStudy Over 17 year study Diet with at least weekly meat intake 74% increase in risk of diabetes compared tovegetarians“Vegetarian Diets and Diabetes”
    •  “…a low-fat vegan diet appeared to improveglycemia and plasma lipids more than didconventional diabetes dietrecommendations”“A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in thetreatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74week clinical trial”
    •  “A comparison of adults with diabetes whoswitched to either a low-fat vegan diet orthe ADA guidelines diet showed that thosefollowing the low-fat vegan diet lost about25 percent more weight.”“Can a Vegetarian Diet Help Type 2 Diabetes?”(www.everydayhealth.com)
    •  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3Bu6MJZbW0
    •  Must keep track of how many carbohydrates arein any foods consumed Must be self-motivated (keep records of foodseaten) May be so focused on carbohydrates that otherdietary needs aren’t met May be confusing: CHO’s, starch, and sugar are considered thesame because once consumed they areconverted to glucose“Carbohydrate Counting” (www.clinidiabet.com)
    •  Exercise regularly Maintain a healthy weight If smoking, quit Control blood pressure and cholesterol“Take Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes” (healthfinder.gov)