River Rhine


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A small presentation on the River Rhine created for a school project

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River Rhine

  2. 2. LOCATION  The Rhine is a European river that flows through six countries  It begins in Switzerland in the Swiss Alps. Flowing through the Principality of Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany & France, it eventually empties into the North Sea at Rotterdam in the Netherlands  It is the twelfth longest river in Europe, at about 1,233 km
  3. 3. ROUTE - 1  The Rhine begins as a small stream in the Swiss Alps. Other streams and small rivers join the Rhine on its way to Lake Constance  As it continues on its way to the North sea, the Rhine flows over the famous Rhine Falls at Schaffhausen  After Rhine Falls, it becomes is a major transport route through Europe; transporting goods and raw materials by ship
  4. 4. ROUTE - 2  As the Rhine enters Germany it becomes the border between Germany and France.  Through the Rhine Gourge the river narrows to form a steep sided-valley filled with vineyards and castles overlooking the river  Finally the Rhine reaches the Netherlands, where it joins several other rivers on its final journey to Rotterdam and the sea
  5. 5. MAP
  6. 6. THE RHINE IN SWITZERLAND The Rhine Falls
  8. 8. THE RHINE IN AUSTRIA Bregenz, Austria
  9. 9. THE RHINE IN FRANCE Strasbourg, France
  11. 11. THE RHINE IN NETHERLANDS Rotterdam, Netherlands
  12. 12. HISTORY - 1  The name Rhine comes from the Celtic word renos, meaning raging flow  During the early Iron Age, both banks of the Rhine were inhabited by Celtic tribes  Around 600 BC, the Proto-Germanic tribes settled on either side of the lower Rhine and Celts alongside its upper sides  Throughout the long history of Rome, the Rhine was considered the border between Gaul, or the Celts, and the Germanic peoples
  13. 13. HISTORY - 2  Since the days of the Romans, the Rhine has been a vital and navigable waterway carrying trade and goods deep inland  It has also served as a defensive feature and has been the basis for regional and international borders for over 2000 years  The many castles and prehistoric fortifications along the Rhine testify to its importance as a waterway
  14. 14. COMMERCE  The Rhine carries more traffic than any other waterway in the world  It is navigable by oceangoing vessels as far as Mannheim, Germany, by river barges to Basel, Switzerland, and by pleasure craft & sightseeing boats on navigable stretches as far as Rheinfelden, Switzerland  Coal, coke, grain, timber, and iron ore are the principal cargoes carried on the river
  15. 15. TOURISM - 1  The Rhine River is one of the most beautiful waterways in the world. A popular traveler's destination, the Rhine is picturesque and historic. Many tourists each year go on Rhine River cruises, travelling by river barge
  16. 16. TOURISM - 2 The Rhine is divided into Upper, Middle and Lower regions  The Upper Rhine begins near Basel, Switzerland, and features the high mountains of the Alps, forests, meadows and vineyards  The Middle Rhine offers the most options for visitors—everything from vineyards to museums, Roman architecture to modern cities. It is in this area where almost 500 fairytale castles dot the landscape  Closest to the North Sea, the Lower Rhine houses the city of Düsseldorf, Germany, perfect for bicycle tours or garden walks 
  17. 17. POLLUTION IN THE RHINE - 1  As long as people have lived near the Rhine, they have thrown their refuse into it  In the past the river was usually able to clean itself and break down pollutants  During late 19th and 20th century, amount of waste increased greatly & the Rhine became massively polluted. Industrial and domestic waste flowed untreated into the river. Fish disappeared & it was dangerous to swim
  18. 18. POLLUTION IN THE RHINE - 2  In 1986, a fire in a chemical plant in Basel, Switzerland in 1986, caused 30 tons of pesticides, mercury, and other highly poisonous agricultural chemicals to leak into the river  Within 10 days the pollution had travelled the length of the Rhine and into the North Sea. Thousands of fish died and some species were wiped out
  19. 19. CLEANUP OF THE RHINE After the Chemical spill in 1986 the Rhine Action Programme (RAP) was developed, and adopted by all the countries bordering the Rhine  Thanks to strict regulations and international co-operation, the river is on the path to recovery  Switzerland, Germany and France now work together in Basel to keep the river clean 
  20. 20. DID YOU KNOW?  In ancient times, it was first known as the Rhenus River  The River Rhine is called different names depending on the country it flows through. It is called Rhein in Germany; Rhine in France and Rijn in Netherlands