Characteristics of Jordan K-12 Education System


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I made a lecture intitled Characteristics of Jordan K-12 Education System for the Fulbright Hays Delegation of Teachers in Collaboration with University of Pittsburgh -USA @ Princess Sumaya University for Technology (PUST)

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  • The Palestinians in Jordan can serve as another example of a collective entity that adopted education as a strategy for group mobility. Jordanian residents of Palestinian origin have succeeded in surviving as a collective body and in attaining high positions in the state, whether in the government or in the Jordanian economy, by virtue of education and their awareness of its importance as the main means to achieve
    personal and group mobility, especially in a non-democratic regime such as the Jordanian Kingdom

    It is estimated that 35% of Iraqi refugees in Jordan have a university degree
    (UNHCR, 2009)
    Jordan: Displacement from Iraq War; vulnerabilities of refugee communities (Palestinian and Iraqi); high levels of youth unemployment; high level of reliance on remittances

    Half of the Jordanian population is Palestinians (inter- marriages)
    Read more:
  • Teacher training is applied on two tracks:
    1- Technology related programs such as ICDL, Intel, WorldLinks
    2- Subject related programs specialized in new strategies for teaching in each subject taught

    Teaching as a profession:
    1-Teachers’ Association was established in 2011.
    2- Ministry of education made efforts to certify teaching as a profession, but it was not legalized to be part of the system.
    3-Specialized training for education leaderships (i.e. school principals) and supervisors

    Teacher salary:
    1- teachers salary in public schools follows the laws of the Civil Service Bureau
    2- with all allowances, teacher’s salary may reach 500JOD per month.

    Private Schools:
    1-has their own training programs for teachers and supervisors.
    2-teachers’ salaries vary from one schools to another based on the school rank if it’s a celebrity school or else.

  • The Jordan economy is classified as a low-to middle –income country by international standards. Jordan boasts one of the highest per capita disposable incomes among emerging nations in the sub-region. Despite its location in the crossfire of several regional political conflicts over the last sixty years, the kingdom’s ability to maintain social and political stability within its borders has translated into relatively stable economy. This economic stability stems in part from the country’s high levels of unilateral transfers in the form of workers’ remittances and donor grants. While the internal political atmosphere may encourage growth, external political turmoil, such as the increasing number of refugees turning to Jordan, has complicated the country’s efforts at sustainable growth and contributed to some of Jordan’s major social, political and economic challenges. Jordan suffers from insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources. Because of ongoing war in Iraq- traditionally the kingdom’s main oil supplier-the Jordanian government has had to remove subsidies on oil prices and increase the sales tax base, as well as turn to other Gulf nations for petroleum resources.
  • Characteristics of Jordan K-12 Education System

    1. 1. Characteristics of Jordan K-12 Education System by Khitam Al-Utaibi, MA For The Fulbright Hays Delegation of Teachers in Collaboration with University of Pittsburgh PSUT- Amman, Jordan June 23rd, 2014
    2. 2. Khitam Al-Utaibi • iEARN-Jordan Representative Stay in touch! • @khitamah • iEARN.Jordan •
    3. 3. Facts and Figures Capital Amman Population (2013): 7.3 million Area: 89,342 km sq Languages : Arabic (official); English is widely used Currency: Jordanian Dinar (JOD) GDP per Capita PPP (2012): USD 6,148 HDI Rank (2012): 100 of 187 Remittances (2013 estimate): USD 3,680 million Net Migration Rate (2010-2015): -0.9 migrants/1,000 population Immigrants (2013): 40.2% Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2013): 49.3% Population under 15 (2013): 34%
    4. 4. K-12 Jordan Education System A) The role of public and private schools, the issues of socio-economic factors and access to quality education, the impact of groups of immigrants on financing of education. B) Teacher training, teaching as a profession, teacher salaries compared to other professions C) Curriculum, what is taught in social studies curriculum in terms of civics, history D) Issues facing youth day from a spectrum of socio-economic perspectives
    5. 5. K-12 Education System Structure
    6. 6. Distribution of Schools by Authority in the Kingdom for The Year 2012-2013 Authority • Ministry of Education • Private Schools • Other Governmental (Military Culture , Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs and Ministry of Social Affairs) • UNRWA • One shift • Double shift (public and UNRWA) • Boys • Girls • Co schools Source: Statistical Report for 2012/2013
    7. 7. A) K-12 Education System Structure and Features • The role of public and private schools, • the issues of socio-economic factors and access to quality education, • the impact of groups of immigrants on financing of education.
    8. 8. The Role of Public and Private Schools Private schools cover 1/3 of the education system in Jordan • There are 6,355 schools in Jordan teaching over 1.7 million students and employing almost 84,000 teachers. • Of these, 2,138 are private, with a student population of 425,000, or one fourth of students in Jordan. • Some 33 of the schools offer the IGCSE/GCE/GCSE curriculum and nine offer the IB programme. • It is established that private schools in Jordan offer a superior type of education to that offered in public schools. • Private schools also charge tuition levels that are manifold the per capita income
    9. 9. Socio-economic Factors • the issues of socio-economic factors and access to quality education, • the impact of groups of immigrants on financing of education. Overall, the country has made significant progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals of universal primary education and reduction in child mortality. However, the cost in terms of public expenditures has been relatively high. Given demographic pressure, the significant gains made on human development to date cannot be sustained without major improvements in the quality and efficiency of education and health services.
    10. 10. Affect of Immigration Jordan’s energy, water, health and education services are being strained to the limit • Refugees from Palestine in the 40s and 60s and from Lebanon in the 70s of the last century. • Refugees from Iraq in huge numbers, before and after the US invasion. Since the falling situation June 16, 2014 the predicted wave of Iraqi displacement pose the biggest threat to the security of the country • Refugees from Syria : 1.3 million since 2011
    11. 11. B) Teachers and Teaching • Teacher training • teaching as a profession • teacher salaries compared to other professions
    12. 12. C) Curriculum 2010/2011 curriculum National and civic education (grade 10) 1-educational and public institutions, the state of Jordan (citizenship), the state of Jordan (political parties) 2-thinking, logic and dialogue, the administration process and its characteristics, national security and global peace, Jordan heritage National and civic education (grade 9) 1-social change; thinking, logic and dialogue; the state of Jordan and its institutions; unions and their roles in the society civic development 2- economic security; social and ethical importance at work; administrative and economical institutions; Jordan heritage National and civic education (grade 8) 1-family and youth; state of Jordan and its institutions; Jordan heritage 2-National Security and global peace; thinking, logic and dialogue; administration , economics and technology
    13. 13. D) Youth Issues 1-A rise in the number of unemployed youth and consequently increasing poverty among youth. 2-Rising number of youth using drugs resulting in drug addiction. 3-Lack of institutions, programs and activities geared to meet the needs of youth. 4-Lack of information and awareness programs in the fields of health, prevention of diseases and environment. 5-Early marriage, that puts extra economic pressures on youth.
    14. 14. Jordan In Focus Examine critical issues in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, a moderate Arab state confronting political responsibilities, social change, and the effects of regional conflict. • Jordan has made enormous strides recently in healthcare, literacy, and democratic and economic reform. However, it remains challenged by a lack of natural resources, environmental concerns, economic and social issues, and the impact of Palestinian immigrants and refugees, who now make up more than half of the nation’s population. More recently, Iraqi refugees have been pouring into the country and changing the demographic and physical landscapes of the capital.
    15. 15. Jordan • When people think of Jordan, Petra is normally the only place that comes to mind. However, even though Petra is one of the Middle East's must-see sights, you will quickly learn that there is plenty more to Jordan. • Jordan spans the southern part of the Syrian Desert down to the Gulf of Aqaba. It shares borders with Syria, Iraq, Israel and Palestinian territories and Saudi Arabia. Jordan boasts an incredible diversity of landscapes and ecosystems, being home to valleys, deserts, mountains and wildlife reserves. • There is much to see and do in Jordan, with the castles, Roman cities in ruins, forts and even important biblical sites; such as the river where Jesus was baptized, the mountain top where Moses looked at the Promised Land, and where John the Baptist was beheaded by Herod.
    16. 16. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    17. 17. Thank You 