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Kaye Kaye Document Transcript

  • I. Introduction a. Title of the story The title of the story is “Of a Promise Kept.” It was written by Lafcadio Hearn. This is regarded as one of the examples of Chinese Literatures. The story depicts about a man who kept and fulfilled his promise by killing himself. b. Setting of the Story i. Description of the time setting The story happened on the particular day of festival Choyo and that was the ninth day of the ninth month. The time was spring. It was the season of chrysanthemums where in they were in bloom. ii. Description of the place setting The story happened in the village of Kato in the province of Harima. The day was beautiful; the sky without a cloud, and the air was so pure. c. Characterization i. Main characters  HasebeSemon - brother of Akana Soyomon - he patiently waited for Soyomon’s return  Akana Soyomon - he is the brother of Hasebe Semon by adoption and he was an Izumo Samurai - he went to Izumo to visit his birthplace ii. Subordinate characters Mother of Akana Soyomon and and Hasebe Semon AkanaTanji - cousin of Akana Soyomon  Lord Tsunehisa - He is the new ruler of Izumo. He is a skilled soldier and of great courage; cunning and cruel. 1
  • d. Theme The story is about a man who kept a promise to his adopted brother andkilled himself in order to fulfill his promise.e. Plot i. Main Incidents  Akana was an Izumo samurai. He wanted to visit his birthplace, Izumo.  Akana Soyomon bids goodbye several hundred years ago to his brother by adoption, Hasebe Semon and said that he shall return in the early autumn.  They agreed that he will be back in a particular day of the festival Choyo and that was the ninth day of the ninth month.  Akana Soyomon strode away the village of Kato in the ravine of Harima- and Hasebe Semon and his mother looked after him with tears in their eyes.  The autumn came, Hasebe prepared to welcome his adopted brother. He made ready a feast of good things, bought wine, decorated the guestroom, and fulfilled the vases of the alcove with chrysanthemums of two colors.  Hasebe’s mother said that it will be difficult for Akana to come on that day but Hasebe has faith in him so he watched and waited in vain. ii. Climax  Just as Hasebe was about to enter their house, he perceived a tall man approaching and quickly. He recognized Akana. Akana fulfilled his promise to his adopted brother, Hasebe Semon. Akana explained why he was late and told what happened on his journey to his birthplace, Izumo. He also told the cruelty of Lord Tsunehisa, the new ruler. Hasebe was so delighted for his return. Then, he instantly disappeared. iii. Resolution  Hasebe knew that Akana killed himself in order to fulfill his promise. He set out of Castle Tonda and went to the house of AkanaTanji. He learned that, 2
  • on the night of the ninth day of the ninth month, Akana had performed Harakiri in the house of his cousin, Akana Tanji.II. Biography of the Author Lafcadio Hearn (1850-1904) Considered one of modern America’s leading prose impressionists, Lafcadio Hearn produced a large body of work that is more closely related to nineteenth-century European than American literature. His sketches, short stories, and novellas demonstrate a vision of evil and the supernatural reminiscent of Edgar Allan Poe and Charles Baudelaire. Hearn is also recognized as a perceptive literary critic whose readings and theories reflect his devotion to the beautiful and bizarre.—Contemporary Authors Online Lafcadio Hearn is an European-born American author, wrote novels and articles with exotic themes in highly precise and polished prose. Lafcadio Hearn was born June 27, 1850, on the Greek island of Santa Maura. His mother was Maltese and his father a British army surgeon of Anglo- Irish extraction. When Hearn was 2, his mother abandoned him to an aunt in Dublin, who later sent him to St. Cuthberts College to prepare for the priesthood. There he lost his left eye in an accident; he lost much of his religious faith as well. His other eye, strained by incessant reading, bulged badly. At 19, extremely short, disfigured, and psychologically maimed, Hearn arrived in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he eventually became a reporter for the Inquirer. In 1874 he married a local African American girl, breaking the Ohio laws against miscegenation. The marriage lasted 3 years and cost Hearn his job. Sent by another periodical to New Orleans, he found there the colorful, exotic ambience that would energize his pen. 3
  • By 1881 Hearn had become the successful literary editor of the NewOrleans Times Democrat, to which he contributed local-color sketches, obscurefolktales and legends, and translations of French writers. His first book, One ofCleopatras Nights (1882), was a perceptive translation of six ThéophileGautier stories. He also contributed to Harpers Weekly and the Century. Hisliterary propensities were becoming more obvious; he was attracted by theromantic, strange, and grotesque, but he presented these against realbackgrounds or with real people. He published a book of obscure legends and stories, Stray Leaves fromStrange Literature (1884) and Some Chinese Ghosts (1887). He lived for 2years in the West Indies, where he wrote his first novels, Chita (1889), aRousseauesque romance, and Youma (1890), concerning a slave rebellion.Both narratives illustrate his deft, polished, precise prose and emphasis ondescription which often overshadow the brittle and abstract plot andcharacterization. After making remarkable works in America as a journalist, hewent to Japan in 1890 as a journey report writer of a magazine. But as soonas he arrived in Yokohama, he quit the job because of dissatisfaction with thecontract. After that, he moved to Matsué as an English teacher of ShimanéPrefectural Middle School. In Matsué, he got acquainted with his lifelong friendNishida Sentarô, a colleague teacher, and married Koizumi Setsu.In 1891, he moved to Kumamoto and had taught at the Fifth High School for 3years. KanôJigorô, the president of the School of that time, is known as theman who spread judo to the world.In 1896, when he lived in Kôbé after he worked as a journalist there, he gotJapanese citizenship and a new name, Koizumi Yakumo. This name was takenfrom "Kojiki", a Japanese ancient myth. 4
  • On that year, he moved to Tôkyô and began to teach at the Imperial University of Tôkyô. There he got respect of students and many of them madea remarkable literary career. In addition, he wrote much reports of Japan and published in America. His works was read by so many people as an introduction of Japan. During this happy period Hearn composed his best prose--minute examinations of Japan, its people, and its folkways: Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan (1894); Kokoro(1896); Gleanings in Buddha-fields (1897); Exotics and Retrospectives (1898); In Ghostly Japan (1899); Shadowings (1900); and Kwaidan and Japan: an Attempt at Interpretation (1904). He quit the Imperial University in 1903 and began to teach at Waseda University on the year next. But after only a half year he died of angina pectoris.III. Brief Summary The time was spring, and the place was the village of Kato in the province of Harima. Akana was an Izumo samurai. He wanted to visit his birthplace, Izumo. Akana Soyomon bids goodbye several hundred years ago to his brother by adoption, Hasebe Semon and said that he shall return in the early autumn. They agreed that he will be back in a particular day of the festival Choyo and that is the ninth day of the ninth month. Akana Soyomon strode away the village of Kato in the ravine of Harima- and Hasebe Semon and his mother looked after him with tears in their eyes. The autumn came, Hasebe prepared to welcome his adopted brother. He made ready a feast of good things, bought wine, decorated the guestroom, and fulfilled the vases of the alcove with chrysanthemums of two colors. Hasebe’s mother said that it will be difficult for Akana to come on that 5
  • day but Hasebe has faith in him so he watched and waited in vain. Just as Hasebe was about to enter their house, he perceived a tall man approaching and quickly. He recognized Akana. Akana fulfilled his promise to his adopted brother, Hasebe Semon. Akana explained why he was late and told what happened on his journey to Izumo. He also told the cruelty of Lord Tsunehisa, the new ruler. Then, he instantly disappeared. Hasebe Semon knew that Akana Soyomon killed himself in order to fulfill his promise. He set out of Castle Tonda. He sacrificed his own life so that his brother will not be disappointed. He learned that, on the night of the ninth day of the ninth month, Akana had performed Harakiri in the house of his cousin, Akana Tanji and reproached Akana Tanji for the treachery done, and slew him in the midst of his family. Akana escaped without hurt. Lord Tsunehisa heard the story and gave commands that Hasebe should not be pursued. Although he was an unscrupulous and cruel man, Lord Tsunehisa could respect the love of truth in others, and could admire the friendship and courage of Hasebe Semon.IV. Comments and Analysis A. On Literary Trend/s exemplified by the found or work i. Comment on the beginning The beginning was good because it was a flashback wherein AkanaSoyomon bids goodbye to his adopted brother several hundred years ago and promised to return in the early autumn. iii. Comment on the ending The ending was nice and splendid. I was touched because Akana Soyomon sacrificed his own life and when the personality of Lord Tsunehisa altered and admired the friendship and courage of Hasebe Semon. 6
  • iv. Comment on the plot The plot is well-organized because it consists of series of events. It isalso systematically stated.v. Comment on the techniques and methods of narration The techniques and methods of narration were beyond expectation. Ittriggers the minds of the readers to finish the story. The events that hadhappened in the story are in organized manner.B. On Literary Devices and Elements i. Comment on the use of words and language Words and language use are in depth. There are some words that arehard to understand but there is no offense words used. The grammar is alsoexemplary. The author used some Japanese words but they were translated inEnglish language. ii. Comment on the elemental passions of life exemplified by the work On the beginning, brotherly love was showed in the story whereinAkana Soyomon promised his adopted brother, Hasebe Semon to return on aparticular day. Friendship and courage were showedin the ending of the story. iii. Comment on the setting The time and the place setting were suited for the story. The settingwas appropriate in the narrated events. iv. Comment on the use and choice of characters The characters that were used in the story are perfectly suited for theirroles. They were fitted to the roles that it was assigned for them. 7
  • v. Comment on the style of writing of the author The style of writing of the author is exemplary. It captures theattention and interest and can touch the feelings of every reader. It could alsosatisfy the readers.C. Analysis on Moral Valuesi. Extract the lesson learned from the story “Promises aren’t made to be broken” It means that promises are made to be fulfilled when the right timecomes. It is a test for a true gentleman. o Don’t be selfish. It could ruin you. Never forget what you have promised to someone. It should be kept and fulfilled when the right time comes.ii. Point out and illustrate the philosophy of the author The philosophy of the author is: A promise should be kept and fulfilled. If one breaks his promise,people may begin to doubt about his character.Personal Comments and Impressionsa. Negative comments (if there are any) I can’t state negative comments because the story was well-narratedand well-organized.b. Positive comments Generally, the story was exemplary. This relates to every situation in lifethat promises aren’t made to be broken. Instead, it should be fulfilled. 8
  • c. General impressions It is well-executed. The narration of events was well-organized and presented systematically.Bibliography/References A. BookOrnos, Petra S.et.al. 2004. Wonders of the Literary World. Balubaran, Valenzuela City:MutyaPublishing House, Inc. B. Internethttp://www.bookrags.com/biography/lafcadio-hearn/ 9
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