Ghs Update 2009

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Ghs Update 2009

  1. 1. GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION AND LABELING OF CHEMICALS (GHS) David Wallace, CIH Utah ASSE January 14, 2010
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>GHS overview </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA’s GHS activity </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed changes to the Hazard Communication Standard </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on Safety professionals </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>In 1985, one of my jobs as a “young” Safety Professional was helping my employer comply with OSHA’s new Hazard Communication standard, 1910.1200. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, it looks like we will need to do it again! </li></ul>
  4. 4. GHS Overview <ul><li>“ Globally Harmonized System Of Classification And Labeling Of Chemicals” </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations guidance for a uniform (harmonized) hazard communication system </li></ul><ul><li>Based on ”major” existing systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA and Canadian systems for the workplace, workplace, consumers and pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Union directives for classification and labeling of substances and preparations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. GHS Overview <ul><li>Elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to their health, environmental and physical hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmonized hazard communication elements, including requirements for labeling and safety data sheets . </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. GHS Overview <ul><li>Justification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Label requirements differ, requiring multiple labels for the same product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard definitions are not consistent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toxicity, Flammability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globally over 100 diverse hazard communication regulations for their products globally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory compliance is complex and costly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barrier to international trade in chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Flammability example
  8. 8. GHS Overview <ul><li>Key Guiding Principles of the Harmonization Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection will not be reduced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will be based on intrinsic properties (hazards) of chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All types of chemicals will be covered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All systems will have to be changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement of all stakeholders should be ensured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensibility must be addressed </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. GHS Hazard Classification <ul><li>Defined criteria are used to assign a hazard classification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>16 categories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10 categories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixtures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GHS classification guidance for when chemicals are mixed </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. GHS Hazard Classification <ul><li>Physical Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable Gases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable Aerosols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxidizing Gases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gases Under Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable Liquids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable Solids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Reactive Substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyrophoric Liquids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyrophoric Solids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Heating Substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxidizing Liquids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxidizing Solids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Peroxides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corrosive to Metals </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. GHS Hazard Classification <ul><li>Health Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute Toxicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin Corrosion/Irritation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serous Eye Damage/Eye Irritation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory or Skin Sensitization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germ Cell Mutagenicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carcinogenicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproductive Toxicology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Repeated Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aspiration Toxicity </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. GHS Hazard Classification <ul><li>Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute aquatic toxicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic aquatic toxicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bioaccumulation potential </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid degradability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. GHS Hazard Communication <ul><li>Labels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbols (hazard pictograms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signal Words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Danger” or “Warning” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard Statements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: “Toxic if swallowed” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Precautions, identification, supplier, supplemental </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. GHS label example
  15. 15. GHS Hazard Communication <ul><li>GHS Safety Data Sheet (SDS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 headings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to ISO, EU, and ANSI MSDS/SDS requirements </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. OSHA MSDS Format (old) <ul><li>OSHA-174 (1989), 8 sections (non-mandatory) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturer information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard Ingredients/Identity Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical/chemical properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire and Explosion Hazard Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reactivity Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Hazard Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precautions for Safe Handling and Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Measures </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. ANSI MSDS Format <ul><li>ANSI Z400.1-2004 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product and Company Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composition / Information On Ingredients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Aid Measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Fighting Measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accidental Release Measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handling and Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exposure Control / Personal Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and Chemical Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Stability and Reactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicological Information </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Information </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Information </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Information </li></ul><ul><li>Other Information </li></ul>
  18. 18. OSHA and the GHS <ul><li>Rulemaking Steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ANPR- Sept. 12, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice of Proposed Rulemaking – Sept. 30, 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Comment Period – ended Dec. 29. 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Hearing – (Notice published Dec. 29, 2009) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>March and April, 2010 for Washington, Pittsburgh and Los Angeles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post-hearing Comment Period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase-in Period for Compliance </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Proposed OSHA Rule <ul><li>Major changes to the Hazard Communication Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed “hazard determination” to “hazard classification” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed “MSDS” to “SDS” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed definitions to comply with GHS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labels for shipped containers required to have GHS information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace labels may be GHS labels, or other labels that identify the material and hazard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Data Sheets with 16-sections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May include guidance for transportation information and environmental hazards </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Proposed OSHA Rule <ul><li>Major changes to the Hazard Communication Standards (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other OSHA standards are changed where applicable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New wording on warning signs for asbestos and other health hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changes to standards for HAZWOPER, Combustible and Flammable Liquids, Welding Cutting and Brazing, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Proposed OSHA Rule <ul><li>Effective dates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two years after final rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employee training on new labels and safety data sheets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three years after final rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, and employers in compliance with all modified provisions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Proposed OSHA Rule <ul><li>Costs and benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$97 million annual cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>training, SDSs & labels, management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$851 million annual benefit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduced injuries/illnesses/fatalities, improved productivity and cost reduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$754 million net annual benefit </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. OSHA interpretation <ul><li>GHS labels comply with current OSHA requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Interpretations 10/06/2009 - Using the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) to Comply with OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=27218 </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Comments on the proposed rule <ul><li>OSHA specifically solicited comments about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs and benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect on “small entities” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GHS classification system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combustible dusts and Simple asphyxiants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Color labels vs. B&W </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PELs on data sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>475 items in the docket (12/29/09) </li></ul>
  25. 25. ASSE’s Comment <ul><li>“ ASSE applauds OSHA for its leadership in undertaking this rulemaking and urges that every possible step be taken to achieve a final rule as soon as practicable.” </li></ul><ul><li>However, ASSE has some concerns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA should include “control banding” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA underestimated the impact on small business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some hazard classifications should be modified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA should require red borders on labels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labels should have more required information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure limits should be listed on data sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The new standard should have a shorter deadline for training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There may be a shortage of SH&E professional on staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Online news magazine features GHS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ As the United States creeps closer to adopting the Globally Harmonized Hazard Communication System (GHS), companies must be prepared to comply with the new provisions.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ehstoday.com/fire_emergencyresponse/hazardous-materials/ghs-power-one/ </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Effect on Safety Professionals <ul><li>Become familiar with the new system </li></ul><ul><li>Collect new SDSs as provided by suppliers and incorporate them into the existing MSDS system (or use commercial service) </li></ul><ul><li>New GHS labels for “shipped containers” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employers can use other systems for workplace labeling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Train employees on new labels and SDS </li></ul>
  28. 28. Resources <ul><li>GHS Websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA, http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/global.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA, http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/international/globalharmon.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOT http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/regs/international </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSPC, http://www.cpsc.gov/phth/GHSpolicy.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UN, http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev02/02files_e.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government Printing Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSHA comments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Docket No. OSHA-H022K- 2006-0062 at http:// www.regulations.gov </li></ul></ul>

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