Shah Jahan was the third son of the
emperor Jahangir and a grandson of the
emperor Akbar. He was born in Lahore on
Jan. 5, 1592. In 1612, when his title was
still Prince Khurram, he married Arjumand
He was ambitious to gain the throne, though he
was third in line. In 1622 he staged an
unsuccessful rebellion against his father.
As a consequence he spent the following three
years traveling around the kingdom waiting for
his father to forgive him. They were reconciled
in 1625, and Jahangir died two years later.
With support from his wife's family, Shah
Jahan proclaimed himself emperor at Agra in
Shah Jahan's reign was notable for its
military successes against states in southern
India. There was also a temporary extension
of Mughal power in the northwest.
In 1638 the Persian governor of Kandahar
surrendered that fortress to the Mughals. In
1646 Shah Jahan's forces occupied
Badakhshan and Balkh, but Balkh was lost the
next year. The Persians regained Kandahar in
Shah Jahan’s passionate interest in
architecture. Famous for architectural works
and artistic splendor. At 15, he redesigned
the Imperial apartments in Kabul.
Shah Jahan is best known for the creation of
Mughals’ most magnificent creation, the Taj
Mahal, Shah Jahan is also credited for
building some of the most renowned Mughal
structures such as Delhi Red Fort, Pearl
Mosque, Jama Masjid, Diwan-I-Am & DiwanI-Khas etc.