Last 10 Surahs of the Quran as one cohesive argument....Taken from a talk given by UstaadhNouman Ali Khan.
Objectives● To realise how the last 10 surahs are rhetorically connected.● To recognise an ideological conflict that is being referred to.● To realise the connection of Ibrahim AS to the last 10 surahs.
Makkah...● The city of Makkah (or Bakkah as it was known then) was initiated by the hijrah of Prophet Ibrahim Alayhis Salam.● His dua allowed the city to exist. That dua is integral to the last 10 surahs and it exists in 2 parts. One part is found in Surah Baqarah and the other part in Surah Ibrahim.
The Dua Of Prophet Ibrahim AS forMakkah...Surah Baqarah● In surah Baqarah - My Lord, make this a secure city and provide its people with fruits - whoever of them believes in God and the last day. [God] said And whoever disbelieves- I will grant him enjoyment for a little, then I will force him to the punishment of the Fire, and wretched is the destination.
The Dua Of Prophet Ibrahim AS forMakkah...Surah Baqarah● The literary meaning of fruits implies prosperity. Ibrahim AS made a dua that the believing people of Makkah would have prosperity.● In political science, it is known that for a society to survive it must have 2 things; peace and prosperity.● As Ibrahim AS is Imam (leader) of these people, he only wishes prosperity for the believers to continue a good progeny.
The Dua Of Prophet Ibrahim AS forMakkah...Surah Baqarah● A similar concern was raised by the Prophet Nuh AS when he made a dua that the non- believers should become extinct.● Allah replies to Prophet Ibrahim AS; And whoever disbelieves- I will grant him enjoyment for a little, then I will force him to the punishment of the Fire.
The Dua Of Prophet Ibrahim AS forMakkah...part 2 (Surah Ibrahim)And [mention O Muhammad], when Abrahamsaid, "my Lord, make this city [Makkah]secure and keep me and my sons away fromworshipping idols.● There is a subtle difference to the first dua. In the second dua, the prophet Ibrahim AS is referring to Makkah (ie. this city that already exists). The first dua was made when Makkah did not exist.
Surah Fil● The year that Abrahah planned to attack Makkah with an army including elephants came to be known as The Year Of The Elephant - as it was such a significant event.● The dua of the Prophet Ibrahim AS was fulfilled as Makkah was protected.
Surah QuraishThis surah is about the tribe of Quraish andthe prosperity that they enjoy through theirtrading routes as they can enjoy theircaravans in the summer and winter.Towards the end of the surah; Let themworship the Lord of this House, Who has fedthem, [saving them] from hunger and madethem safe, [saving them] from fear.
Surah Quraish● The Prophet Ibrahim AS made dua for his believing children to enjoy prosperity. Allah said that he will also provde the disbelievers with a little prosperity before sending them to Hellfire.● The Quraish are from the disbelieving children. i.e they are unworthy but they still benefit from the favours of Allah.
Surah Quraish - Surah Kauthar● In the first dua in surah Baqarah, prophet Ibrahim AS makes dua O Allah, send a messenger from among themselves.● So, there is a transition from the unworthy children in Surah Quraish and surah Maun to the worthy in surah Kauthar [The Prophet Muhammad Salallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam]
Surah KafirunThe Prophet SAW renounces his citizenship ofMakkah and is told to refer to the people asdisbelievers. This is a declaration of conflict i.e creating anopen enemy. In every conflict, there are the victorious andthe failures..
Surah An-Nasr - Surah Lahab● In surah Nasr, victory is guaranteed to the believers at the hands of the Prophet Sallalhu Alayhi Wa Sallam.● When Allah guarantees victory or a great help in the dunya, there are minor signs that come before it.● E.g the major help to the Prophet Musa AS was when the water parted and he escaped. Minor signs came before this i.e shining hand, staff and 9 signs.
Surah An-Nasr - Surah Lahab● Minor signs coming before the major help can be understood in the following analogy; the winds change and the clouds darken (minor signs) before the big storm.● The minor sign or small victory is how Allah deals with the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallams enemy Abu Lahab and his wife in Surah Lahab.
The Final 3 Surahs....1. When people are in a conflict for a long time, they eventually forget how the conflict began in the first place and its purpose. Surah Ikhlaas is a reminder of the Prophet Ibrahims legacy of Tawheed and so serves as a reminder of the conflict of ideology between the believers and disbelievers.
The Final 3 Surahs....2. In order to protect Tawheed (legacy of theProphet Ibrahim AS) one must protectthemselves from external corruption and evilinfluence from the outside.Surah Falaqprotects the muslim from external evilinfluences.
The Final 3 Surahs....3. Also to protect Tawheed, one must protectthemselves from corruption on the inside(whispers of Shaytan). Surah Nas protects usfrom the whispers of Shaytan.
ConclusionThus, the last 10 surahs are a profoundcohesive argument relating to the ProphetIbrahim AS. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rh1xY2Gqiik