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Kevin Byrne’s Presentation: Sustainability Storyboarded and Geovisualized Across Three Scales
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Kevin Byrne’s Presentation: Sustainability Storyboarded and Geovisualized Across Three Scales

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  • 1. Sustainability Storyboarded and Geovisualized Across Three Scales J. Kevin Byrne St. Mary’s U. + MCAD AGC 2008
  • 2. 1 Framework / History 2 New Media Scoring and Storyboarding 3 Prospects
  • 3. TABLE 1: Highlights of some of geovisualization’s anniversaries (2007). anniv. event/s 50th Cosmic View by Kees Boeke published 45 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) arrived 41 Harvard Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis Lab opened 38 ESRI incorporated; The RSVP Cycles by Lawrence Halprin published 37 Computer-aided film by Waldo Tobler showed Detroit’s urban growth 30 Film Powers of Ten by Charles and Ray Eames released 20 Phrase visualization used by National Science Foundation 16 World Wide Web invented 15 Green Map System published 14 Web browsers arrived 9 Google incorporated 6 Keyhole incorporated 3 Google bought Keyhole and launched Google Earth 2 Google Maps API published
  • 4. TABLE 2: Some highlights of sustainable development’s anniversaries (2007). anniv. event/s 45 Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring published 40 Environmental Defense Fund launched its opposition to DDT 37 First Earth Day held, Joni Mitchell’s Big Yellow Taxi released 35 U.S. Clean Water Act enacted 28 Three Mile Island nuclear accident occurred 25 United Nations World Charter published 22 Rainbow Warrior is sunk in Auckland, New Zealand 20 Sustainable development phrase used in U.N.’s “Brundtland” Report 15 U.N. Earth Summit held in Rio; term ecological footprint coined 10 Kyoto Protocol signed 8 Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability published 5 U.N. Sustainability Summit held in Johannesburg
  • 5. TABLE 3: Research Conspectus. Footprint indicators > Water Ecological Curbside recycling Attributes… Number of Google hits on 560,000 hits 540,000 hits 386,000 hits the phrase (2008) Unit of measurement In cubic meters, per In acres, per capita per As bin count, per capita per year year household per month, or per year Scale Global National-regional Neighborhood Locations 12 countries sampled New Zealand and its One neighborhood in from North America, regions the Twin Cities (USA) Europe, Asia, and Africa Media assets created for Google Earth Pro Google Earth Pro ArcMap file this study (virtual globe and iMovie (static digital file is software used to created using ESRI create movie file), software and movie file then exported to Google’s imported into kmz file), then to iMovie for editing GEPro and iMovie and export Academic references Hoekstra and Wakernagel, 2001; Clarke and Maantay, Chapagain, 2004 McDonald and 2005 Paterson, 2003
  • 6. TABLE 4: Analog map media (circa 1967). Dimensional 1:10 – 1:1,000 – 1:10,000 – 1:50,000 – 1:100,000 – 1:1 mil. scale> 1:999 1:9,999 1:49,999 1:99,999 1:999,999 and below Complexity model plan medium plot large topo small topo atlas (high to low): Photographic Detailed Air photo Orthophotomap Air photo --- Remote- plan of of city annotated sensed factory streets for with surfaces floor car or geological with places pedestrian info identified count Ordered Plan of City street Topographic Topo map Land use Topo map floor of and map with overprinted overprinted in atlas doll’s building details of rights with soil with int’l map featuring house plan of way series places Simplified Layout of Motorists’ Street atlas of Motorists’ Hydrographic General simple map of city with street map of charts for sea aeronautical street for city center names and though routes navigation chart playground of one- landmarks only in a way streets conurbation and parking Topical Track 3D model Map of bus Map of single Map of inter- Maps of air layout for of land system in a city railway connecting corridors model values in a system railway for railway city systems navigation From Chorley, Richard J. and Peter Haggett, eds. Models in Geography. London: Methuen and Co., 1967. Fig. 16.17, p. 705, simplified.
  • 7. 1 Framework / History 2 New Media Scoring and Storyboarding 3 Prospects
  • 8. TABLE 5.0: Rematrixing of table 3 using scale with media complexity (i.e., toggling of layers or overlays on or off); three media examples created for this study are labeled within cells. Dimensional 1:10 – 1:1,000 – 1:10,000 – 1:50,000 – 1:100,000 – 1:1 million and scale> 1:999 1:9,999 1:49,999 1:99,999 1:999,999 smaller very < very Media large > small complexity (toggle status): Minimal digital layers or overlays are turned on Some layers or curbside curbside ecofootprints ecofootprints ecofootprints overlays are on recycling recycling Many layers or water water overlays on footprints footprints
  • 9. TABLE 5.1: Rematrixing (cont’d). Dimensional 1:10 – 1:1,000 – 1:10,000 – 1:50,000 – 1:100,000 – 1:1 million and scale> 1:999 1:9,999 1:49,999 1:99,999 1:999,999 smaller very < very Media large > small complexity (toggle status): Minimal digital layers or overlays are turned on Some layers or curbside curbside ecofootprints ecofootprints ecofootprints overlays are on recycling recycling Many layers or water water overlays on footprints footprints
  • 10. TABLE 5.2: Rematrixing (cont’d). Dimensional 1:10 – 1:1,000 – 1:10,000 – 1:50,000 – 1:100,000 – 1:1 million and scale> 1:999 1:9,999 1:49,999 1:99,999 1:999,999 smaller very < very Media large > small complexity (toggle status): Minimal digital layers or overlays are turned on Some layers or curbside curbside ecofootprints ecofootprints ecofootprints overlays are on recycling recycling Many layers or water footprints water footprints overlays on
  • 11. Recycling Participation on 21xx-22xx Draper Avenue, Roseville, 4 sample weeks in 2007 Draper Avenue Roselawn Avenue Bins Count (one month total) Data Source: for parcels, Metropolitan Council; 7.5 - 10.5 for bin counts, Kevin Byrne 4.5 - 6.5 2.0 - 4.0 0.0 - 1.0
  • 12. FIG. 6. Scale x Complexity Scoreboard for Blue Bins, Green Acres, and Neighborly Pledges (2008), 25 sec. Quicktime Movie 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 scale 1:100,000,000 1:10,000,000 1:1,000,000 1:100,000 1:10,000 1:1000 1:100 1:10 media complexity + 14 many layers 15 16 and/or overlays are turned on 13 17 18 19 20 12-10 - 8 6 21 5 – 7 few layers and/or overlays are on Legend physical geography text labeling data labeling data graphics, boundaries, et al. 10 , 1:100 scale 5, 6, 7... 21 seconds
  • 13. 1 Framework / History 2 New Media Scoring and Storyboarding 3 Prospects
  • 14. TABLE 6: Pseudo-Mashups (2006-2008, Source: Byrne) Tool Kind Source Free Mapping Efforts 2006 2007-8 2007-8 2008 Students Overshoot Water Recycling ArcMap Software ESRI Maybe 2 Arc2Earth Plug-in Arc2Earth No BBedit Lite Software Barebones Yes 2 Excel Software Microsoft No 1 1 1 GE Pro Software/API Google Maybe 3 3 4 GE Graph Software R. Sgrillo Yes 2 2 3 Google Maps API Google Yes 3 Illustrator Software Adobe No iPhone 3G Hardware/ Apple No Software: gps iMovie Software Apple No 4 5 Sketch-Up Pro Software/API Google Maybe StarOffice Calc Software Sun Yes 1 Numbers above portray sequencing of media authoring
  • 15. Recycling Participation on 21xx-22xx Draper Avenue, Roseville, 4 sample weeks in 2007 Draper Avenue Bins Counted and Normalized Per Acre Roselawn Avenue (higher is 'greener') 27.8 - 31.5 15.6 - 20.3 10.9 - 15.3 Data Source: for parcels, Metropolitan Council; for bin counts, Kevin Byrne 3.7 - 9.4 0.0