Parvovirus the Deadliest KillerPresentation Transcript
Parvovirus a history in the making Recognized in 1978 Cvp2 spread worldwide in less then two years. Cvp2 is extremely familiar to Feline Paleukopenia. These diseases are 98% identical. differing only in two amino acids in the viral capsid protein VP2. Two more strains of Parvo were identified in 1979 Cvp2a and again in 1984 with Cvp2b. The present day Parvo is different from the original strain. And now a third strain Cpv2c has been discovered in Japan , Vietnam, and Spain.
What is Parvovirus? Canine parvovirus is a extremely contagious viral DNA disease that affects puppies and adult canines. The most common form of Parvovirus is the “intestinal form ” And the less common “ cardiac form” Which more often attacks pups less then 8 weeks old and often results in sudden death. The Cpv2b is the strain found in domestic felines. Though Parvovirus is a common disease it is lethal. With an incubation period of up to 15 days before symptoms occur and death can happen in as little 6 hours. Parvovirus enters orally and has now been found to be airborne. It works by finding rapidly dividing cells and then multiplies in the little villa of the small intestine. So little or no food or liquid can be absorbed. It takes five days for the lining to reproduce and in that time the dog bleeds through the intestines and receives no nutritional value.
The cycle of infection
Oral Phase - (Ingesting)
ViremiaPhase- (Where massive amounts of the virus attack the body)
Contagious Phase- ( or called the shedding phase, As many as 30 billion Parvovirus particles can be shed from the intestines of an infected dog in every ounce of stool.)
SYMPTOMS Lethargy Loss of appetite Vomiting Diarrhea Feces are loose and may contain mucus, or blood
THIS ISA NORMAL CANINE INSTESTINE
Pictures say 1000 words The Shedding stage of Parvovirus A Dog with Parvovirus after death.
Though no dog is safe, here is a list of dogs that are more susceptible to get parvo. Rottweiler's Doberman Pinschers German Shepherds Labrador Retrievers Pitt Bulls Puppies under 6 months
Treatment Parvovirus causes dehydration, vomiting and large amounts of bloody stool. Early treatment is vital. Fluids will be given Intravenously or subcutaneously. Canines will also be given antiemetics to stop vomiting. Antibiotics will be given to fight of secondary infection and /or sepsis. Dogs will require hospitalization for 5 to 7 days. And the cost can be very extensive.
Prevention and decontamination Prevention and decontamination are the only ways to keep your Dog from re-catching this highly contagious disease. This virus is extremely hard to kill it can stay contaminated feces and live in the soil for up to one year. Temperature has no effect on the disease and the only household cleaner that can kill Parvo is Bleach. When giving the parvo vaccines., Puppies are give a series, while adult dogs are give 3 vaccines 3 to 4 weeks apart. If you have neighbors with dogs. You need to notify them of the outbreak..
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