• Bulgaria is a small and really beautiful country in southern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south and the Black Sea to the east. east
• Bulgaria was established in 681 AD but remains of inhabitants were found in 44,000 BC. The First Bulgarian Kingdom ended in 1018 AD and then, in 1185 AD started the Second Bulgarian Kingdom.• Bulgaria is a republic now. Its capital and largest city is Sofia. Sofia is situated in the foot of Tsarevets is a medieval stronghold Vitosha mountain from the Second Bulgarian Kingdom
St. Alexander Nevski CathedralThe National Palace of Culture - Sofia
• The climate in Bulgaria is temperate. In hot summer you can go to coastal resorts like Golden Sands, Sunny beach, Nessebar and Albena. In winter there is lots of snow in the mountains. Winter tourist centres, such as Borovets, Bansko, Pamporovo and Vitosha are picturesque and popular ski resorts.
Traditions Bulgarians have venerable traditions-Baba Marta, Kukeri, Nestinarstvo, etc. Bulgarians may wear the martenitsa - an adornment made of white and red yarn and worn on the wrist or pinned on the clothes — from March 1 until the end of the month. The white thread represents peace and tranquility, while the red one stands for the cycles of life.
• Many legends and myths abound of how the martenitsas colours arose. One of them is the story of Khan Koubrat, the founder of Bulgaria, who was nearing the end of his life. He knew this and asked his sons to vow to keep the various Bulgar tribes together to defend the country. However, soon after Khan Koubrats death, their land was invaded by the Khazars. They took over the capital and kidnapped Khan Koubrats daughter, Houba. Of the five sons, one, Bayan, joined with the Khazars in an attempt to stay with his sister. Another, Kotrag, moved northwards and the other three, Asparoukh, Kouber and Altsek, looked south for land away from their enemies. These three had arranged that if they found land then they would send a bird with thread tied to its leg to Bayan and Houba. Eventually, the imprisoned pair received the bird and tried to set off secretly, but the Khazars soon found out and followed them. Bayan and Houba didnt know the soldiers were so close and were about to return the bird with the white thread attached when Bayan was wounded with an arrow, fired by the Khazars. Dripping blood onto the white thread, Bayan still managed to release the bird and they painfully continued their journey to find their brothers. When they finally met their siblings, Bayan was nearly dead. Asparoukh welcomed the dying man, tore pieces of bloodstained white cloth into small strips and gave them to his soldiers to honour brave Bayan.
• "A legend, first attested in the 20th century, says that the Bulgar Khan Asparukh wanted to send a message to Bulgars across the Danube. He tied his letter with a white string to the leg of a white pigeon. The Byzantines saw the pigeon flying and shot it with an arrow. The message was delivered but the white string was stained with the red of the pigeons blood. The Bulgars then started to wear this thread."
The Bulgarian Easter traditions are a variation of traditional Orthodox Easter traditions. Here in Bulgaria, egg cracking is good for more than just eating the egg. Easter is characterised by certain food and rituals. In Bulgaria, Kozunak, the traditional, braided, sweet bread, is a necessary item on the Easter table everywhere . An hour before midnight on Saturday, all churches begin the Easter liturgy. Families and friends go together to church, carrying the coloured eggs with them. They then walk around the church three times with candles in hand, led by the priest. The candles are carried back home.
The ancient Bulgarian ritual of kukeri, performed by costumed men, seeks to scare away evil spirits and bring good harvest and health to the community. The costumes, made of animal furs and fleeces, cover the whole of the body. A mask, adorned with horns and decoration, covers the head of each kuker, who also must have bells attached to his waist.
Another characteristic custom called nestinarstvo or firedancing, distinguishes the Strandzha region. This ancient custom involves dancing into fire or over live embers. Women dance into the fire with their bare feet without suffering any injury or pain.
Our traditional dress is Bulgarian folk costumes consist of pants, shirts, and vests for men, and dresses and aprons for women. The aprons, dresses, and shirts are usually embroidered in regional colors and folk motifs. Red features heavily in Bulgarian folk dress, but black, green, and white are also a part of traditional clothing from Bulgarias various regions.
Bulgarian music uses a wide range of instruments. Some folk instruments are Bulgarian tambura, Bulgarian gadulka, bagpipe, etc. In different folklore regions of Bulgaria different types of instruments are used.
Bulgarian natureThe symbol of Bulgaria is rose. The Rosevalley in Bulgaria is famous for its rose-growing industry which have beencultivated there for centuries, and whichproduces 85% of the worlds rose oil. Cave
Varna and National High School of Humanitarian Sciences and Arts "Konstantin Preslavski" • We are from Varna. It is a harbour city. Varna is one of the biggest cities in Bulgaria. Our school is High School of Humanitarian Sciences and Arts "Konstantin Preslavski“.