Textiles Year 7 paperless folio template 2012

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This is a Power Point I made for year 7 Textiles Classes. I am putting it on Slide Share to share with other Textiles teachers.

This is a Power Point I made for year 7 Textiles Classes. I am putting it on Slide Share to share with other Textiles teachers.

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  • 1. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011 Textiles Paperless Folio Insert Front Page here
  • 2. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011What Is Textiles?Type as directed ……
  • 3. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011 JOURNALWeek1Week 2Week 3Week 4Week 5Week 6Week 7Week 8Week 9Week 10
  • 4. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011 JOURNALWeek1Week 2Week 3Week 4Week 5Week 6Week 7Week 8Week 9Week 10
  • 5. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Rules in the Textiles RoomType as directed ……
  • 6. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Textile EqipmentSCISSORS are used for cutting thread and material. DO NOT cut paper with these as it will makethem blunt. PAPER SCISSORS are used for cutting paper. PINKING SHEARS are saw-toothedscissors used to stop fabric fraying.NEEDLES are used with thread to hand sew, eg. tacking. They must be kept rust free and sharp.Use the correct needle for the task at hand.PINS are used to hold two pieces of fabric together. They should be straight, sharp and rust free sothat they do not mark the fabricTAPE MEASURE is used for accurately measuring a seam allowance and taking bodymeasurements. They should be made from fibreglass. They measure in centimetres.TAILORS CHALK or MARKING PENCILS are used to draw guidelines onto fabric. It is only atemporary mark and will come off with a gentle rub. The chalk pencil may be sharpened to get a finepoint. The brush at the end is used to erase unwanted lines. Colours available are white, pink, blue,black and yellow.QUICK UNPICKS are used to unpick incorrect stitching. Take care not to put holes in the fabricwhen using them.BOBBINS are used in the sewing machine for under stitching..
  • 7. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Identifying TextilesItems made from fibres, yarns or fabrics (or a combination of these) are called TEXTILESITEMS. Textiles items are frequently utilized during your daily routines and activities at home.List 30 Textiles items used daily in your home: 1 11 21 2 12 22 3 13 23 4 14 24 5 15 25 6 16 26 7 17 27 8 18 28 9 19 29 10 20 30 Well done! How does your list compare to the rest of the class?
  • 8. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Beyond the HomeThe daily use of Textiles items is not limited to routines and activities which occurat home. To enable you to understand the diversity of Textiles, complete thefollowing activity:List the essential Textiles items that would be used whilst participating inthe following activities:Hot Air Ballooning : _________________________________________________Playing Basketball: _________________________________________________Motor Racing: _____________________________________________________Bush Walking: _____________________________________________________Horse Riding: _____________________________________________________Fire Fighting: ______________________________________________________Sky Diving: _______________________________________________________Swimming: _______________________________________________________Yachting: _________________________________________________________Camping: _________________________________________________________________________
  • 9. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Use and Care of the Sewing MachineType as directed ……
  • 10. Bernina 1008 sewing machine 21 20 2 1 4 19 18 17 3 16 5 15 9 13 12 6 14 7 10 8 11
  • 11. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Parts of the Sewing MachineTHREAD SPOOL HOLDER holds the reel of thread you are usingTHREAD TENSION and guide the thread and helps stop the thread tangling.THREAD GUIDE gauges the flow of thread through the machine.THREAD REGULATOR regulates the flow of thread through the machineTAKE UP LEVER pulls the thread through the tensionsBOBBIN CASE COVER conceals the bobbin and bobbin caseBOBBIN WINDER SPINDLE used to fill the bobbin with threadHAND WHEEL used to lower or lift the needle into position by handHAND WHEEL RELEASE must be loosened when filling the bobbinNEEDLE ADJUSTMENT KNOB alters the position of the needleSTITCH WIDTH DIAL alters the width of the stitchSTITCH LENGTH DIAL alters the length of the stitchREVERSE DIAL makes the machine sew backwardsNEEDLE CLAMP SCREW holds the needle in place
  • 12. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011“How to ….. ” YouTube linksHow to thread a Bernina 1008 sewing machinehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ADfdBlyB02IHow to wind a Bobbin on a Bernina sewing machinehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ci299BUTsZ4How to insert a Bobbin Case into a Bernina 1008 sewing machinehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HraVTvGg5eM
  • 13. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Bobbin Case (insert & remove) The bobbin in a sewing machine contains thread to create the bottom part of a seam. The bobbin is made of metal. The bobbin fits into a bobbin case and that case is inserted into the machine from a location where the needle thread can loop with the bobbin thread.1. Fill the bobbin with thread. Pull out about 20 cm of thread from the bobbin. To correctly place the bobbin into the bobbin case, hold the bobbin case in your left hand. Pick up the bobbin with your right hand so that the thread wrapped clockwise when you drop the bobbin into its case.2. The loose thread from the bobbin needs to be threaded through the bobbin case. To do this, grab the loose thread with your right hand and pull it into the slit on the bobbin. Tug the thread down, and under the tension spring. When tugged properly, the thread will be between the “C" of the tension spring.3. To install the bobbin into the machine, pull the tab on the back of the bobbin and while grasping the tab, slide the bobbin into the sewing machine with the arm facing up.4. Push the bobbin in until you hear a click, then release the tab. The bobbin is now installed into the machine.5. With the needle already threaded, use your left hand to grab the thread from the needle. With your right hand, slowly turn the machines hand wheel toward you. As you turn the wheel, the bobbin thread will loop up and become visible. Stop turning the wheel when you see the loop from the bobbin thread. Grab the loop with your right hand and gently pull the thread loose so you can lay the bobbin thread with the needle thread.
  • 14. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Machine Practice on Paper #1 Insert photo of Machine Practice on Paper here
  • 15. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Machine Practice on Paper #2 Insert photo of Machine Practice on Paper here
  • 16. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Machine Practice on Paper #3 Insert photo of Machine Practice on Paper here
  • 17. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Machine Practice on Paper #4 Insert photo of Machine Practice on Paper here
  • 18. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011My First Straight Stitching on Fabric Insert photo of “ My First Straight Stitching “ here
  • 19. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011My First Fancy Stitches Insert photo of “ My First Fancy Stitches “ here
  • 20. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011How to Tie a Knot1. Choose a sewing needle that will be appropriate to your sewing project.2. Choose a thread matches your fabric.3. Cut an 80 cm length of thread and pass the end of the thread through the eye of the needle. You may need to dampen the thread end in order to make it pass through easily.4. Pull the thread through the eye far enough to create a tail of thread that is 20 cm long. This end remains unknotted.5. Take the other end of the thread between your thumb and forefinger. Wrap the thread loosely around your forefinger once and continue to keep the thread in place with your thumb.6. Slide your forefinger down toward the base of your thumb, twisting the threads together until the loop that is formed is pushed off the forefinger end.7. Grasp the loop between your thumb and forefinger at the point where the loop joins the rest of the thread.8. Pull the loop until a knot is formed.How to thread a hand sewing needle and tie a knothttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xM5n_gmpIrY
  • 21. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011How to Thread a Needle (with a needle threader) Push the loop in the needle threader through the eye of your needle. Holding the needle and threader in one hand, pick up the thread and push it through the hole in the needle threader until its about 10cm through the threader. Gently pull the needle threader back through the eye of the needle.
  • 22. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011How to BackstitchA backstitch is a strong stitch which is used where a stitch as firm as machining isrequired. It looks like machine stitching on the right side, but stitches overlap onthe wrong side.Facts about Backstitching. •The stitch is worked from right to left. •Start the stitch with a knot. •Take the stitch under four threads of the fabric. •Return to the same starting place and take a stitch in the same direction – twice as far. •Return to the end of the first stitch, and make the third stitch the same way as the second. •Except for the first stitch, each stitch is the same length
  • 23. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pin Cushion DesignDesign BriefWhilst working in the Textiles room you need to consider your safety and the safety of other studentsin the room. As part of this, you are required to produce a pin cushion which should travel with youaround the room ALWAYS. Your design brief is to produce a pin cushion using your sample of stitchesfrom the sewing machine. It will need to be well stuffed in order to protect you and stop pins pokingthrough the other side. You also need to wrap it tightly with thick thread and sew a button onto thecentre. You will use whipping stitch to sew the opening together. This item will be assessed using theattached criteria.DesignUsing your Ipad, draw 3 different designs (in colour) of the machine stitches you will use on your pincushion. Think about the colour thread you are using as well as the type of stitches you want to use.Select one design and produce it onto your fabric. Insert photo of Insert photo of Insert photo of Design 1 Design 2 Design 3 here here here
  • 24. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pin Cushion (how to make)1. Using your sampler of decorative stitches from previous classes as one side of your pin cushion, cut another piece of fabric the same size.2. Using the template, draw a circle with chalk onto the fabric (make sure the centre is placed on the centre of the stitches). Allow seam allowance of 1.5 centimeters.3. Make sure the right sides of the fabric are together. Pin the two pieces together.4. Using a hand needle tack both pieces together on the chalk line.5. Thread up sewing machine and machine with straight stitch around shape. Leave about 5 cm of you pin cushion unstitched, to allow you to turn the pin cushion inside out. Remember to reverse stitch at the beginning and end to prevent the stitching from coming apart while stuffing.6. Clip the circle but don’t cut through the stitching line. Turn pin cushion through to the right side.7. Fill the pin cushion with polyester filling.8. Thread a hand needle and use whipping stitch to close the opening.
  • 25. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pin Cushion – finished product Insert photo of Pin Cushion here
  • 26. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pin Cushion EvaluationUnder each of the following headings write a few words about your work. Give yourself a mark out of 5 for each categoryCuttingHave you taken care with the cutting and trimming? Have loose ends been cut off? Are any rawedges showing?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5StitchingWas your machine stitching straight? Are you happy with the types of machine stitches youused on the pin cushion? How did your whipping stitch look when you sewed up the gap?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5
  • 27. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pin Cushion EvaluationEquipmentWere there any problems using the long needle and pulling in the cushion to give it the “flowershape”? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5Class timeDid you work effectively during class time? Did you work independently or did you need to askfor help a lot? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5CommentsAre you happy with the overall result? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Total Score ____ / 25
  • 28. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pin Cushion SequencingIt is important to do things in the right sequence or order. Pretend you are making your pin cushion again.Number the items below in the correct sequence starting with Number 1. Put 2 pieces of fabric with right sides Sew buttons in centre on front and back together Chalk around template onto fabric Machine around shape leaving a gap for turning through Wrap your pin cushion with thick cotton Decorate fabric with fancy stitches Clip curves Turn through to right side. Add 1.5cm seam allowance to template Cut out shape using fabric scissors 1 Iron backing onto fabric to be decorated Finish with whipping stitch Fill pin cushion with filling. Tack around shape before sewing
  • 29. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Before You Sew ChecklistCHECKTension DialDarning control - teeth upSTITCH SET UP (FOR STRAIGHT SEWING)Stitch selector on greenStitch width 0Needle position - in the middleStitch length 2.5THREADINGAcross, down, up, down. Always go from right to left and never cross the thread over. Needle should bethreaded from front to back. Take up lever should be in the up position.BOBBINPut the bobbin in the bobbin case so it turns clockwise. Put thread through both tension gauges i.e. throughslit first then through ‘U’ shape. Put the bobbin in the machine so the tail is up and the latch is towards you.Push until you hear a ‘click’.GETTING THE BOTTOM THREAD UPHold the top thread and turn the ‘hand wheel’ one rotation towards you (make sure the take up lever is inthe up position). Repeat if necessary. Pull the top thread and the bottom thread should come up in a loop.Pull the loop until you have a single thread. Put both threads under the presser foot and towards the backof the machine. You are now ready to sew.ALWAYS CHECK THE MACHINE IS SEWING CORRECTLY BY TESTING ON A SCRAP OF MATERIAL.
  • 30. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Machine Licence Test Insert photo of Machine Licence Test here
  • 31. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011ButtonsDesign BriefOne day you may have to sew a button onto one of your pieces of clothing. Thismay be while you are still living at home, or when you move out to live on yourown. It could also be to help someone out if they are missing a button on theirgarment. Either way, it is a very worthwhile skill to have. Your design brief is tosew a button onto a piece of fabric using the correct method.InvestigateWhat is a Button? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________When and where or how did buttons originate?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 32. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011ButtonsWhat was used before buttons?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________From what, can buttons be made?_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Are all buttons the same?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________What special features do all buttons have? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 33. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011ButtonsLook for pictures showing examples of buttons. Create two “mood boards” usingyour iPad …. 1. show how buttons are mostly used. 2. show other ways that buttons can also be used. Insert Insert Mood Board 1 Mood Board 2 here here
  • 34. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011ButtonsEvaluationThe tools and equipment I usedwere:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________This was/was not the first time I have sewn on a button. (please highlight)I think my button sewing skills were _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Insert photo of Button Sampler here
  • 35. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseDesign BriefEveryone needs a pencil case at some stage, especially if you are a student.When we think of what type of pencil case we might need, we have to considerwhat we might want to put in it. Your design brief is to produce a denim pencil caseto hold your pencils and what ever else you want to put in it. You will need todecorate it with a felt appliqué and use some type of hand sewing.
  • 36. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseInvestigateLook around you to see what different sizes, colours, and shapes that pencil casescome in? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________From what materials are pencil cases made?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________How are some pencil cases decorated?-____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 37. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseInvestigateIs the way some pencil cases are decorated related to advertising? How do themanufacturers do this and why?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Why do pencil cases come in different sizes and shapes?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 38. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseInvestigateDo a “Google Search” on pencils or pencil cases to find out when we first startedusing pencils and pencil cases. Find out why pencil cases were invented. Find outas much information for this investigation as you can from this search.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 39. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseCreating your Design for the Pencil CaseUsing your IPad create three (3) designs. They must be suitable to place on yourpencil case. Bold shapes are preferable to smaller ones. They can be your initialsor any design that you think will work on your pencil case.•Remember to add in any embellishments you are going to use eg. buttons,sequins, extra felt.•Annotate your design, pointing out any important points you wish to highlight.•Colour in your design using the colours you are going to be using in the felt. Insert photo of Insert photo of Insert photo of Design 1 Design 2 Design 3 here here here
  • 40. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseCreating your Design for the Pencil CaseSelect one design and draw it again. It needs to be perfectly designed at this stageas this will be the final picture that you will use to trace your pattern from.•Print your design.•Trace the pieces from the design.•Cut out pattern using paper scissors.•Pin pattern onto felt that has been backed with Vliesofix.•Cut out felt.•Iron onto medium size piece of denim. (See ‘Produce’ sheet)•Zig–Zag satin stitch over edge of felt.
  • 41. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseProduce - How to make your Denim Pencil CaseCut one piece of material 50 x 40 cm. Using tailors chalk, rule a line downthe middle of the material. This gives 2 sections 25cm x 40 cm. On onepiece rule another line 10 cm in from the edge. Show the teacher yourmarked sections before cutting. 40cm 25cm 15cm 10cm Cut out a pattern of your chosen appliqué design on paper. It should be nolarger than 12 cm square.
  • 42. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseProduce - How to make your Denim Pencil CasePlace pattern on to a piece of felt which has been stabilized with fusiblepaper backing. Pin it on then cut out shape.Peel off paper from felt then place felt shape onto middle sized piece ofdenim fabric (15cm x 40cm) taking care not to go too close to the edges. Iron– taking care not to move the iron while it is on the motif. The shape willadhere to pencil case.Satin stitch around motif. (Stitch length ½, Stitch width 3-4)Collect your zip and two tab pieces (4 x 5 cm) of denim. Zig zag edges of tab.Hand stitch ends of zip together. With zip closed, machine stitch tabs(length2 ½ width 0) to both ends of the zip right sides together. Open out.
  • 43. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CaseProduce - How to make your Denim Pencil CaseWith right side of zip facing right side of fabric, sew 1 cm seam. If zip end istoo close to presser foot, leave needle in, lift presser foot up, undo zip, putfoot down, resume sewing. Repeat for other side. Press.On outside, top stitch using zig zag or a fancy stitch close to folded edges. Open zip. Place front and back right sides together. Pin, tack, and then sewall the way around the outside twice with 1.5 cm seam allowance. Zig zagouter edges to neaten. Trim corners. Turn through. Press.
  • 44. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil Case – finished product Insert photo of Pencil Case here
  • 45. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CasePencil Case EvaluationUnder each of the following headings write a few words about your work. Giveyourself a mark out of 5 for each categoryApplique Design and hand sewing e.g. Was your design appropriate? Are youpleased with the finished result? Are all embellishments stitched securely?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5Satin stitch on appliqué designHave you taken care with the satin stitching? Have loose ends been cut off? Areany edges of felt showing?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5
  • 46. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CasePencil Case EvaluationZip – Have all loose threads been cut off? Is machining straight? Did you have anyproblems putting in the zip?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5Top stitching along zip - is it decorative? Are you pleased with the finishedlook?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5
  • 47. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Pencil CasePencil Case EvaluationSeams- Are all seams straight and finished off with zig-zag stitch inside the pencilcase?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Score ____ / 5Total Score ____ / 25Are you happy with the overall result?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 48. Textiles Paperless Folio -Year 7 2011Sewing Skills Checklist Criteria Improvement Satisfactory Good Excellent Needed Ironing Threading a needle Backstitching Tacking Tying a knot Sewing on a button Using scissors Using a tape measure Using Vliesofix Using a ‘quick unpick Using a sewing machine Threading a sewing machine Threading a bobbin Following production instructions Confidence in the area of sewing Other: