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Paper 1: Changing Policy for Innovation Capacity-building (Mu)
 

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    Paper 1: Changing Policy for Innovation Capacity-building (Mu) Paper 1: Changing Policy for Innovation Capacity-building (Mu) Presentation Transcript

    • The 3rd Workshop on Innovation and Performance Management Business School Kent University, Canterbury UK 1-4 July 2010 Changing Policies for Innovation Capacity-building in China Director-general, Prof. Dr. Mu Rongping Institute of Policy and Management (IPM), CAS 2010-7-1 1
    • Contents I. Introduction II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building IV. Conclusion Remarks P2
    • I. Introduction Understanding Development economic development economic & natural development economic & natural & societal development human being centered development ---Scientific Outlook for Development ---Harmonious Society ---Innovation-driven nation 2020 P3
    • I. Introduction Global financial crisis/climate change: --threats? --opportunities? --long term or short term Measures for recovering from the crisis: --10 plans for energizing industrial developments --4 trillion RMB investments in domestic markets --S&T are expected to make great contribution for economic recovering from the crisis. P4
    • I. Introduction •China has become one of the world’s largest countries in terms of gross expenditure on R&D (GERD). The ratio of GERD to GDP in China has increased from 0.90% in 2000 to 1.54% in 2008, but much lower than that of developed countries such as USA(2.68%), Japan (3.44%). P5
    • I. Introduction •The number of Chinese applications for invention patent in China increased dramatically during the period from 2000 to 2008. The efficiency of researchers in China in terms of invention patents is lower than that in most developed countries. In 2007, the number of Chinese invention patents granted per 103 researchers was 22.4, much lower than that in Korea (413), in Japan (203), in Germanys (46); China filed 3.8 PCT patents per 103 researchers, much lower than that in Germany (62.7), Japan (39.1) P6
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development What is innovation-driven nation? What is innovative development? What is innovation capacity? It is necessary to set up an indicator system with a view to monitoring the evolution of innovative development and innovation capacity in China, and to identifying key policy issues on innovation and so as to provide necessary support for innovation policy-making. P7
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development National innovation capacity is the ability of a country to conduct scientific discovery, technological innovation and related commercialization activities. In a broad sense, national innovation capacity is the ability of a country to integrate innovation resources with a view to transforming them into fortune. It is the integrative capacity that promotes economic and social development. Innovation-driven countries usually has powerful national innovation capacity, which indicates high efficiency and effectiveness of innovation activities, and drives social- economic development with a comprehensive coordination and sustainable way. P8
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development P9
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development P10
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development Evolution of National Innovation Capacity Index of China (2000-2007) 25 Input, Output, Condition, Performance (25 indicators) 19.59 20 Innovation Capacity Index 16.65 14.63 15 12.44 10.50 10 8.79 8.03 6.96 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year P11
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development 35 Scales/strength (11 indicators) 30 29.06 Efficiency/effectiveness (14 indicators) 25 24.17 20.86 20 Index 17.19 15 14.16 11.57 9.89 10.12 9.13 10 8.60 8.40 7.69 6.84 6.18 6.02 5.32 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year innovation strenth innovation effectiveness P12
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development Rank Index Rank Index 1 United States 45.26 1 United States 56.96 2 Japan 29.15 2 Japan 36.75 3 Sweden 20.30 3 Sweden 26.63 4 Germany 18.39 4 Germany 25.20 5 Finland 18.35 5 United Kingdom 24.74 6 United Kingdom 17.65 6 Korea 24.50 7 Israel 17.12 7 France 23.61 8 France 15.71 8 Netherlands 22.04 9 Netherlands 15.58 9 Luxembourg 21.43 10 Luxembourg 14.62 10 Finland 21.06 11 Korea 13.62 11 Norway 21.03 12 Norway 13.55 12 Canada 18.61 13 Iceland 13.43 13 Israel 18.47 14 Canada 13.31 14 Iceland 18.34 15 Australia 12.47 15 Italy 17.73 16 Austria 12.44 16 Austria 17.24 17 Russian Federation 12.40 17 China 16.65 18 New Zealand 12.09 18 Ireland 16.41 19 Italy 12.03 19 Belgium 16.30 20 Belgium 11.32 20 Australia 15.86 21 Ireland 10.78 21 Singapore 15.17 22 Singapore 10.61 22 New Zealand 14.93 23 Spain 9.25 23 Spain 14.70 24 Slovenia 8.73 24 Slovenia 12.29 25 Hungary 7.96 25Russian Federation 11.18 26 Slovak Republic 7.02 26 Portugal 10.32 27 Romania 6.98 27 Greece 10.31 28 China 6.91 28 Hungary 10.10 29 Czech Republic 6.91 29 Czech Republic 9.40 30 Greece 6.55 30 Slovak Republic 9.04 31 Portugal 5.72 31 Poland 8.47 32 Poland 5.41 32 Brazil 7.94 33 south Africa 4.70 33 south Africa 7.62 34 Argentina 4.63 34 Turkey 7.36 35 Brazil 4.17 35 Mexico 6.59 36 Turkey 3.87 36 Romania 6.59 37 Mexico 37 India P13 6.34 38 India Innovation Capacity Index 2000 3.62 38 Argentina Innovation Capacity Index 2006 5.80 6.96
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development China Russian Federation 16% Korea Romania Turkey Israel 14% India Finland Brazil 12% Argentina Mexico 10% New Zealand 8% Spain United States 6% Portugal 4% Japan 2% Norway Hungary 0% Ireland -2% Australia France Slovak Republic Greece Sweden Poland Czech Republic Italy Iceland Luxembourg Germany Belgium Austria Singapore Canada Netherlands United Kingdom south Africa Slovenia P14 Annual Growth Rate of National Innovation Capacity Index (2000-2006)
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development Rank Index Rank Index 1 Sweden 54.17 1 Sweden 66.81 2 Switzerland 49.96 2 Norway 65.04 3 Japan 49.62 3 Switzerland 63.08 4 Norway 48.03 4 United Kingdom 57.18 5 Finland 47.06 5 Netherlands 56.73 6 United Kingdom 46.93 6 Finland 56.65 7 United States 45.87 7 Japan 54.67 8 Netherlands 44.53 8 Ireland 54.44 9 Germany 42.75 9 France 53.98 10 Austria 42.70 10 Austria 52.48 11 Belgium 42.49 11 Germany 52.20 12 Canada 42.48 12 United States 52.02 13 France 42.45 13 Belgium 52.01 14 Australia 41.74 14 Canada 51.92 15 Ireland 40.65 15 Australia 49.53 16 Italy 37.99 16 Korea 49.26 17 Korea 37.26 17 Italy 47.77 18 Spain 37.14 18 Spain 47.66 19 Greece 32.30 19 Greece 40.45 20 Portugal 31.79 20 Portugal 39.55 21 Argentina 31.28 21 Slovenia 39.02 22 Slovenia 31.23 22 Czech Republic 36.80 23 Czech Republic 29.62 23 Hungary 36.78 24 Hungary 28.01 24 Slovak Republic 33.18 25 Slovak Republic 27.28 25 Poland 32.47 26 Mexico 26.38 26 Argentina 31.63 27 Poland 26.28 27 Brazil 30.74 28 Brazil 24.61 28 Turkey 30.23 29 Russian Federation 23.96 29 Russian Federation 29.68 30 Turkey 22.09 30 Mexico 29.05 31 Romania 19.15 31 Romania 26.23 32 South Africa 15.47 32 China 20.87 33 China 15.36 33 South Africa 17.11 34 India 8.24 34 India 9.88 Innovative Development Index in 2000 Innovative Development Index in 2006 P15 Industrialization,Informatization, Urbanization, Education & Health, S&T development
    • II. Innovation Capacity & Innovation Development GDP/Capital,CO2 Emission/GDP, Energy Consumption/GDP Romania Russian Federation Argentina 6% Turkey Argentina 50% Romania Mexico China Japan Slovak Republic Japan Norway United States Czech Republic 5% 40% South Africa Ireland Mexico Hungary 4% 30% United States Korea China Poland 3% 20% Australia Hungary Brazil Greece 2% 10% India Spain Austria Ireland 1% 0% Finland Netherlands Germany South Africa 0% -10% Slovak Republic France Switzerland Norway United Kingdom Switzerland Korea Slovenia Germany Italy Sweden Spain Canada Greece United Kingdom India Belgium Slovenia Australia Portugal Austria Brazil Italy Belgium Sweden Portugal France Turkey Poland Czech Republic Finland Netherlands Russian Federation Canada Annual Growth Rate of Innovative Annual Growth Rate of Industrialization Development Index (2000-2006) Development Index (2000-2006) P16
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building Chinese government has issued supportive policies to implement the outline of M&L term plan for national S&T development in 2006, and 76 detailed regulations and policy documents by the end of 2009. These policies have effectively promoted the capacity-building for innovation in China, which has profound impact on economic and social sustainable and green development. P17
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building P18
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building Four principles for the 12th five year plan (Sept. 2009) Overall planning and consider all factors Innovation-driven Green Growth (sustainable) Work together and share with each other (harmonious). Innovation capacity-building covers all fields of social, economic and science & technology system, focusing on following: innovation in strategic emerging industries and service industry innovation for energy saving & emission decreasing innovation on urbanization and urban management P19
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building Main Tasks for Innovation Capacity-building •S&T mega-projs, knowledge & tech. inno programs •Development of strategic emerging industries --new energy/bio-tech (medicine/breeding/manufacturing) --information network/new materials. --high end manufacturing/electric cars •Upgrading/restructuring of key industries --shipbuilding, automobile, steel. •Innovation in modern service industriies •National Innovation Cities --e/s/t/s P20
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (1) To Increase Investment in S&T&I •To set up a diversified investment system for STI, to increase STI expenditure dramatically, and to maintain a growth rate faster than governmental regular revenues. •To optimize the structure of R&D expenditure and national S&T programs so as to stimulate enterprises’ investment in innovation. •To set up a new mechanism for managing public R&D expenditure, especially a performance evaluation system, to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of STI, with a focus on expenditure in research organization, talents, and national S&T programs. P21
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (2) Tax Incentives •To share the risk of innovation in enterprises by means of tax deduction (sharing 12.5% of enterprises’ R&D expenditure). To deduct tax of imported facilities & instruments, and to speed up the depreciation of the facilities and instruments so as to upgrade enterprises’ experimental capacities. •To provide tax incentives for equipments & instruments & materials imported by ETDC & ERC & National S&T projects so as to promote capacity building for innovation in enterprise. •To support the development of transformed PRIs, venture capitals, and S&T service institutions by providing tax deduction. P22
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (3) Government Procurement Policy •To promote the indigenous innovation by providing various measures of government procurements, concerning identification of indigenous innovative product and related evaluation measures, for instance, to give high priority to indigenous innovation products in national significant construction projects. •to initially and selectively purchase indigenous innovation products so as to encourage enterprises invest more in innovation product development and capacity-building. P23
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (4) Innovation Based on Imported Technology •To strengthen the management of technology import and assimilation. Key national projects should build innovation capacity based on imported advanced technology. •To make special technology policy with a list technologies to be encouraged/limited to strengthen the capacity-building for innovation in enterprises. •To support cooperation among industries, universities and research institutes in innovation based on imported advanced technologies. P24
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (5) To Create and Protect the IPRs. Chinese government has taken many measures to create and protect intellectual property rights (IPRs) since 2006. •To compile a list of key technologies and products for which China should hold related patents. •To support enterprise to generate & protect IPRs, to engage in standard-making procedure at national and international level. •.To shorten the examination cycle for invention patents, and improve the system for IPR protection and information service. •To support enterprises to set indigenous technical standards jointly with universities and PRIs, to integrate them in R&D, design and P25 manufacture.
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (6) To Build National Infrastructure/Platform for S&T •To construct lots of experimental bases, infrastructure and platforms, including the scientific facilities and large equipments, the platform of natural resources and scientific data, for NKLs/NEL/NERC. •To support enterprises, especially transformed research institutes and large enterprises to establish TDCEs and NELs through cooperation with universities and research institutes. •To establish a sharing mechanism to make the platform for STI open to all users, for instance, to evaluate the openness and effectiveness of these platforms. P26
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (7) To Train Qualified HR & Make them Flow to Firm •To train talents in different level from top scientist to skilled workers, to encourage talents flow from Universities to enterprises. •To recruit/bring up world leading scientists/experts in strategic research fields via national program for hi-level innovation talents. --China has recruited more than 800 oversea top experts working in China via “The Recruitment Program of Global Experts”. •To bring up scientists/engineering technologists and innovation teams in national S&T programs, and platforms on STI such as NELs/NERCs. •to reform income distribution/incentive mechanism in enterprises by providing some preferential policies, to attract talents. P27
    • III. Policies for Innovation Capacity-building (8) Financial Measures for Indigenous Innovation Chinese government has taken a number of financial measures to support indigenous innovation since 2006: •To given high priority in financing national megaprojects for S&T, national projects concerning the industrialization of hi-tech. •To improve the financial services to SMEs for innovation, to improve the legal framework by making venture capitals easily invest in start-ups. •To establish multiple capital markets to support indigenous innovation, including a stock market for technology-based SMEs, stock transactions for hi-tech enterprises and regional transaction P28 market for property rights.
    • IV. Conclusion Remarks Innovation is a social process, its success is determined by diversified stakeholders of innovation such as scientists, technologists, engineers, entrepreneurs. P29
    • IV. Conclusion Remarks • Innovation is a complex process of value creation, including: scientific & technological value, cultural value, economic value and the social value, concerning the activities ranging from scientific discovery, technological invention, methodical innovation, and their applications as well as social diffusion. P30
    • IV. Conclusion Remarks It is expected to explore the potential of social innovation and to develop and experiment new theory for innovation development by building a batch of National Innovation Cities, focusing on innovation for key industries, strategic emerging industries, modern service industries and for social development. P31
    • IV. Conclusion Remarks Innovation-friendly environment is the key for developing the potential of social innovation, especially the potential of human creativity. P32
    • Thank you! 2010-7-1 33