Ict & Legislation

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Ict & Legislation

  1. 1. Applied GCE Unit 1 Life in the Information Age
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes Lesson 11 <ul><li>By the end of the lesson, you should: </li></ul><ul><li>understand the impact on crime prevention and legislation </li></ul><ul><li>see the effect that technology has </li></ul><ul><li>recognise the advantages and disadvantages of ICT within crime prevention and legislation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Crime and crime prevention <ul><li>ICT has had a major impact </li></ul><ul><li>Types of crimes committed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank robbery done by electronic hacking rather than safe cracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virus threats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet and email frauds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crime has also become more global </li></ul><ul><li>Crime prevention agencies have to try and respond on a global level </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
  4. 4. Crime and crime prevention <ul><li>Police force has seen ICT as a major driving force to improve methods and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>ICT affects the job of every police officer: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processed reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital radio communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biometric databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network and geographical analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital video and CCTV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forensic analysis </li></ul></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
  5. 5. Criminal Records Bureau <ul><li>At last the UK has a central database of offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Now possible to check records to see if there is a history of convictions </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and people who work with young children – mandatory checks </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
  6. 6. CCTV <ul><li>UK has the greatest density of CCTV cameras in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Seems that people are accepting in order to gain reassurance about crime prevention and detection </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy issues – what are pictures used for? </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
  7. 7. ID cards and passports <ul><li>Many countries insist that citizens carry ID cards </li></ul><ul><li>Big issue in the UK at the moment </li></ul><ul><li>Often carry biometric data as well as usual details of name and address </li></ul><ul><li>However, criminals can develop IT capabilities just as easily as the law enforcement agencies </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
  8. 8. Internet crime <ul><li>Identity theft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of household bins contained documents that could be used to forge an identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should shred or burn! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spam emails sometimes contain viruses which detect key strokes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emails asking for personal details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks never do this – don’t be taken in </li></ul></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
  9. 9. Benefits <ul><li>Administrative duties completed more quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Tools available to help track down criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Communication improved </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence collection, tracking, analysis and availability improved </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of data available </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
  10. 10. Drawbacks? <ul><li>No ‘bobby on the beat’ </li></ul><ul><li>Local police officer in the local community </li></ul><ul><li>Large amount of data – but is there a significant impact on detecting and reducing crime overall? </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
  11. 11. Civil rights <ul><li>Contentious area in the debate about the impact of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>More data, and more technology, then more likely that rights to privacy and civil rights are compromised </li></ul><ul><li>Computers make the collection, copying and transmitting of data very convenient </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
  12. 12. Civil rights <ul><li>Governments maintain that data needs to be stored to help better understand the needs of the population, or to help fight terrorism and other evils </li></ul><ul><li>Government departments exchange data – more important that data is accurate </li></ul><ul><li>People concerned that personal data kept for more sinister reasons, or is not accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Will people in the future think that we are paranoid, or not careful enough? </li></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
  13. 13. Legislation <ul><li>Information Age has brought with it the need for its own set of laws to regulate, monitor and control </li></ul><ul><li>In the UK: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), as amended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations (1992) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Protection Act (1984), as amended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright, Designs and Patents Act (1988) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Misuse Act (1990) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (2000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Information Act (2005) </li></ul></ul>Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages

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