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Intonation (Phonetics)

Intonation (Phonetics)

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  • 1. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL EXPERIMENTAL “FRANCISCO DE MIRANDA” ÁREA CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN PROGRAMA DE EDUCACIÓN MENCIÓN INGLÉS PHONETICS IIIntonation PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 2. “Linguistic feature” Which is considered as The sequence or arrangement of musical pitch levels occurring in an utterance. Comrie (1984) … this set of musical pitch levels serve todistinguish between questions, statements,and other types of utterances in a language. Comrie (1984) PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 3. Consider the differences between :  Youre leaving.  Youre leaving?  Youre leaving. (statement)  Youre leaving? (question) PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 4. FallingIntonationIt is a pattern in which our voice«goes down» (falls) to a low pitchby the end of an utterance. Rising Intonation It is a pattern in which our voice «goes up» (rises) to a high pitch by the end of an utterance. PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 5. 1. In tag questions when the speaker is sure that what he says is right: Its a tough day, isnt it? / Its a wonderful weather, isnt it?2. In seeking information with Wh – questions: How much is this car? / Whats your name?3. Short, complete sentences: Its so near. / Its very far.4. For commands: Leave me alone. / Give me my keys. PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 6. 1. Tag questions when the speaker is not sure that what he says is correct: Youre sure, arent you? / Youve checked it, havent you?2. Yes – No Questions: Do you want to leave? / Did you see the elephant?3. Wh - Questions when the speaker wishes to show special interest: Where do you live? / What do you do for a living?4. Statements intended to encourage: Thats a remarkable thought. / Youre doing a great job!5. Sentences ending with please; goodbye; thank you when used to showgratitude for a simple matter (passing the dish, etc.): A cup of tea, please? / Would you pass me that pen, please?
  • 7. Note:By learning how native speakers use varyingintonation patterns, we can accurately understandwhat people try to communicate with us. As welisten closely to the melody of their speech, we canfigure out their feelings, sense their moods andattitudes, and recognize questions, commands /requests and offers, ergo, properly respond to them. PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 8. EXAMPLE SENTENCE [A]: "Im not going."•"Im not going": meaning [1] = Not "ME", but perhaps "YOU", "SHE" or "HE".•"Im not going": meaning [2] = I reFUSE to go.•"Im not going": meaning [3] = Im not GOing... Im COMing BACK! PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 9. EXAMPLE SENTENCE [B]: «Janets going to Brighton tomorrow afternoon to buy herself a pair of red, leather shoes.»5.Is John going to Brighton?7.Is Janet going to London?9.Is Janet going to Brighton to sell her house?11.Is Janet coming from Brighton? PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 10. f k o o thin the c y t ked to of te nden tly lin g anin ny e ve a g direc , the m as a ha bein In fact alized fferent lePeop ation as tions. n ntio e. Di tions, n o ve into ers em as con languag conven ural k lt spea ation is t of rent cross-cu on ec diffe ial int asp n use tent r po othe ages ca o u t lan g ise s. g r tanding givin ders n misu PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 11. the with ise to e r uag n give even lang r ca d o ne fo the cts an dings: king attern o al effe erstan undsS pea tion p ntio n d isun tion so the e m tona nint tural na o into ning, t with in ly u cul e ntire - an ussi threate ussian d or cr oss w ith R e or R te lish; s affec r of h d g E nglis dly, ru of En ound eak e n er s sp u nfrie speak nation ative tive lish into the n na ng to a n E ritical c h ypo n. a R ussi PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 12. s y add yp icall E.g., e rn t stion. n t patt que qu estio g iff eren to a es/No . Risin a d extra Y ss lyUs ing ng o n a ruptne an imp e thi na tion as ab tion c ar the som into preted -ques he to falling inter h nt i ng be n a W ou did re ask can ation o that y and a n e into ise or irst tim s urpr r the f d. e e a nsw t repeat i have PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 13. EXERCISE 1: Do you speak English?Practice with different types of intonation patterns:7.«YOU»9.«SPEAK»11.«ENGLISH»
  • 14. PROF. JULIO REYES
  • 15. PROF. JULIO REYES