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Leukemia project 2[1]

Leukemia project 2[1]






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    Leukemia project 2[1] Leukemia project 2[1] Presentation Transcript

    • LEUKEMIABy: Kennedy Nevles & Stacy Studer
    • WHAT IS CANCER? Cancer is a group of more than 100 diseases. Abnormal cell in a part of the body that grows out ofcontrol. Mutation in DNA.
    • CANCER OF BLOOD CELLS Cancer of blood cells. • Acute lymphocytic leukemia • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia • Acute myelocytic leukemia • Chronic myelocytic leukemia Starts in the cancer that forms blood Bone marrow makes abnormal white blood cells Early in chronic leukemia the leukemia cells can still do some of the work of normal white blood cells
    • LEUKEMIA Mutations that can trigger leukemia including, theactivation of oncogenes and the detection of tumorsuppressing genes. This disrupts the regulation of cell death, differential,or division. It an occur spontaneously.
    • CAUSES No known cause Increase in risk with exposure to radiation, benzene,and smoking • 20% of adult myeloid leukemia cases are linked to smoking.
    • PREVENTIONNo Prevention!
    • SYMPTOMS Swollen Lymph nodes that usually don’t hurt Fevers or night sweats Frequent infection Feeling weak or tired Bleeding and bruising easily Weight loss for no reason
    • DIAGNOSIS Repeated complete blood counts Bone marrow examination Personal and family medical history. Bone marrow aspiration Bone marrow biopsy
    • TREATMENT Chemotherapy • Blood chemistry tests can detect degrees of liver and kidney damage X-Ray MRI Ultrasound Pharmaceutical medication Multi-drug chemotherapy regimen
    • INDIVIDUAL CONDUCTING CURRENT RESEARCH Pamela S Becker ,MD, PHD• Dr. Becker is a hematology oncologist who treats people with blood disorders, leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and myelodysplastic syndrome.• How she became what she is…• At the age of 16 Becker attended a biochemistry summer program put on by the national Science Foundation. The year she graduated from high school she volunteered at a local hospital and worked in the chemistry lab
    • CURRENT RESEARCH New biological therapies New anticancer drugs, doses, and treatment schedules Combination of drugs, biological therapy, radiationtherapy, and stem cell transplantation. More genetic research
    • M O R E C U R R E N T R E S E A RC H ! ! Supportive Care?• Clinical trial are underway to find better ways of reducingsymptoms and side effects of current leukemia treatments in order toimprove patients comfort and quality of life.
    • SCHOLARSHIP AND COMMUNICATION What do the 4 types of leukemia get there names from?• Each main type of leukemia is named according to the type of cellthat’s affected (a myeloid cell or a lymphoid cell) and whether thedisease begins in mature or immature cells.
    • SOURCES "Leukemia Cure, Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Types andTreatment on MedicineNet.com." MedicineNet. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.<http://www.medicinenet.com/leukemia/article.htm>. Http://www.idph.state.il.us/cancer/factsheets/leukemia.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leukemia http://leukemia.emedtv.com/leukemia/leukemia-research.html