Lighting OverviewLighting Overview
3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting3-Point lighting is the lighting technique used bycinematographers on most professional pr...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingJust as it sounds, 3-Point lighting refers to lighting thesubject from three angles. The l...
3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting•3-3-Point lighting refers to lightingthe subject from three angles.The lighting positions...
3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting3-Point lighting refersto lighting the subjectfrom three angles.The lighting positionsare ...
3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting3-Point lighting refersto lighting the subjectfrom three angles.The lighting positionsare ...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingJust as it sounds,3-Point lightingrefers to lightingthe subject fromthree angles.The light...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key and Back lights are roughly 45ofrom thecamera axis. Like all rules, this rule is m...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key and Back lights are roughly 45ofrom thecamera axis. Like all rules, this rule is m...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key light is generally twice the intensity of the Filllight which is twice the intensi...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key light is generally twice the intensity of the Filllight which is twice the intensi...
3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key light is generally twice the intensity of the Filllight which is twice the intensi...
The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the invento...
The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the invento...
The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the invento...
The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the invento...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnels made by Mole Richardson have been theworkhorses of the film industry for th...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnels made by Mole Richardson have been theworkhorses of the film industry for th...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnels made by Mole Richardson have been theworkhorses of the film industry for th...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other compa...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels arealso manufactured by a number of othercompan...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other compa...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other compa...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other compa...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe other type of lights commonly used in the motionpicture business are referred to as ...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights...
Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights...
Lighting 101Lighting 101THREE BASIC ATTRIBUTES of LIGHT• Coherence (Quality)Hard and Soft Light• Color TemperatureDaylight...
Lighting 101Lighting 101HARD LIGHTLight is transmitted directly from a smallpoint source and results in relativelycoherent...
Hard Lighting InstrumentsLighting 101Lighting 101LTMPARLightIaniro“Red Head”ETC Source 4Leko SpotlightMoleOpen FaceIaniro“...
SOFT LIGHTLighting 101Lighting 101Soft (diffused) light has the opposite effect. Asshown in the photo on the left, soft li...
SOFT LIGHTING INSTRUMENTSLighting 101Lighting 101China Balls“Chimera”Soft BoxesMole RichardsonFresnelLED LightingZiplighto...
CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion refers to the practice ofsoftening hard light with diffusers. Acommon type of diffuser is s...
CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion refers to the practice ofsoftening hard light with diffusers. Acommon type of diffuser is s...
Controlling CoherenceFilters also known as lenses areattached to open-face lights(especially HMI’s) to help diffuseand dir...
CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion also refers to many types ofgels (plastic filters) that are used to softenand reduce the in...
CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion also refers to many types of gels(plastic filters) that are used to softenand reduce the in...
CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion also refers to many types of gels(plastic filters) that are used to soften andreduce the in...
Color TemperatureThe second attribute of light, colortemperature, refers to its basic color asmeasured in degrees on the K...
COLOR TEMPERATUREAlthough light can be any colorbetween ultraviolet andinfrared, There are two colorswe are concerned with...
COLOR TEMPERATURETungsten lights operate at 3,200oK whileHMI’s burn at 5,600oK. To match atungsten instrument with dayligh...
CONTROLLING INTENSITYDimmers are the traditional way tocontrol the intensity of lights.Unfortunately, as the wattagedecrea...
CONTROLLING INTENSITYScrims resemble a frame of finely-woven screen wire like thatfound in a screen door. A full setinclud...
CONTROLLING INTENSITYLike scrims, some flags (called nets)can reduce the intensity of a lightwithout changing the color te...
End of Lighting OverviewEnd of Lighting Overview
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

VIdeo Production: Lighting Overview

1,057 views

Published on

All you wanted to know but were afraid to ask about lighting as it pertains to VIdeo Production

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,057
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

VIdeo Production: Lighting Overview

  1. 1. Lighting OverviewLighting Overview
  2. 2. 3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting3-Point lighting is the lighting technique used bycinematographers on most professional productions. Itis easy to understand but it takes a lifetime to master.In addition to 3-Point lighting, thereare also 5-Point and 7-Point lightingscenarios which we will also discussand analyze.
  3. 3. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingJust as it sounds, 3-Point lighting refers to lighting thesubject from three angles. The lighting positions arereferred to as the Key Light, the Fill Light and the BackLight .
  4. 4. 3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting•3-3-Point lighting refers to lightingthe subject from three angles.The lighting positions arereferred to as the Key Light,the Fill Light and the Back Light .Camera
  5. 5. 3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting3-Point lighting refersto lighting the subjectfrom three angles.The lighting positionsare referred to as theKey Light,the Fill Light andthe Back Light .Camera600w Key Light
  6. 6. 3-Point Lighting3-Point Lighting3-Point lighting refersto lighting the subjectfrom three angles.The lighting positionsare referred to as theKey Light, the Fill Lightand the Back Light .Camera600w Key Light 300w Fill Light
  7. 7. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingJust as it sounds,3-Point lightingrefers to lightingthe subject fromthree angles.The lighting positionsare referred to as theKey Light, the Fill Lightand the Back Light .Camera150w Back Light600w Key Light 300w Fill Light
  8. 8. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key and Back lights are roughly 45ofrom thecamera axis. Like all rules, this rule is made to bebroken as you will see in the upcoming lightingscenarios.Camera150w Back Light600w Key Light 300w Fill Light45o
  9. 9. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key and Back lights are roughly 45ofrom thecamera axis. Like all rules, this rule is made to bebroken as you will see in the upcoming lightingscenarios.Camera150w Back Light600w Key Light 300w Fill Light45o45o
  10. 10. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key light is generally twice the intensity of the Filllight which is twice the intensity of the Back light.Again, these numbers are very general and varydepending on the application.Camera150w Back Light600w Key Light 300w Fill Light
  11. 11. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key light is generally twice the intensity of the Filllight which is twice the intensity of the Back light.Again, these numbers are very general and varydepending on the application.Camera150w Back Light600w Key Light 300w Fill Light
  12. 12. 3-Point Lighting3-Point LightingThe Key light is generally twice the intensity of the Filllight which is twice the intensity of the Back light.Again, these numbers are very general and varydepending on the application.Camera150w Back Light600w Key Light 300w Fill Light
  13. 13. The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the inventor of the lens which was originallydesigned for lighthouses.Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnel lens has concentric rings thathelp focus and direct the light. MostFresnels utilize tungsten globes or lamps(not bulbs). Tungsten refers to the steel usedin the filament inside the globe.
  14. 14. The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the inventor of the lens which was originallydesigned for lighthouses.Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnel lens has concentric rings thathelp focus and direct the light. MostFresnels utilize tungsten globes or lamps(not bulbs). Tungsten refers to the steel usedin the filament inside the globe.
  15. 15. The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the inventor of the lens which was originallydesigned for lighthouses.Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnel lens has concentric rings thathelp focus and direct the light. MostFresnels utilize tungsten globes or lamps(not bulbs). Tungsten refers to the steel usedin the filament inside the globe.
  16. 16. The most common type of lighting instrument used infilm and television is the Fresnel. The Fresnel is namedfor the inventor of the lens which was originallydesigned for lighthouses.Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnel lens has concentric rings that helpfocus and direct the light. Most Fresnels utilizetungsten globes or lamps (not bulbs). Tungstenrefers to the steel used in the filament inside theglobe.
  17. 17. Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnels made by Mole Richardson have been theworkhorses of the film industry for the past 30-40 years.All Fresnels are constructed similarly and it is importantto learn the parts of these popular lighting instruments.Mole Richardson
  18. 18. Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnels made by Mole Richardson have been theworkhorses of the film industry for the past 30-40 years.All Fresnels are constructed similarly and it is importantto learn the parts of these popular lighting instruments.Mole Richardson
  19. 19. Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe Fresnels made by Mole Richardson have been theworkhorses of the film industry for the past 30-40 years.All Fresnels are constructed similarly and it is importantto learn the parts of these popular lighting instruments.Mole Richardson
  20. 20. Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other companiesincluding Arriflex (Arri), Bardwell McCallister, LTM andDeSisti. They range in intensity from 125 watts to over20,000 watts.DeSisti FresnelLTM FresnelBardwell-McAlisterArri Fresnel
  21. 21. Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels arealso manufactured by a number of othercompanies including Arriflex (Arri), BardwellMcCallister, LTM and DeSisti. They range inintensity from 125 watts to over 20,000 watts.DeSisti FresnelLTM FresnelBardwell-McAlisterArri Fresnel
  22. 22. Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other companiesincluding Arriflex (Arri), Bardwell McCallister, LTM andDeSisti. They range in intensity from 125 watts to over20,000 watts.DeSisti FresnelLTM FresnelBardwell-McAlisterArri Fresnel
  23. 23. Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other companiesincluding Arriflex (Arri), Bardwell McCallister, LTM andDeSisti. They range in intensity from 125 watts to over20,000 watts.DeSisti FresnelLTM FresnelBardwell-McAlisterArri Fresnel
  24. 24. Types of LightingTypes of LightingIn addition to Mole Richardson, Fresnels are alsomanufactured by a number of other companiesincluding Arriflex (Arri), Bardwell McCallister, LTM andDeSisti. They range in intensity from 125 watts to over20,000 watts.DeSisti FresnelLTM FresnelBardwell-McAlisterArri Fresnel
  25. 25. Types of LightingTypes of LightingThe other type of lights commonly used in the motionpicture business are referred to as HMI’s (HydrargyumMedium Arc-Length Iodide). HMI’s produce daylightcolor temperature light very efficiently due to theirunique ballast system.
  26. 26. Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights. Theiroutput per watt is almost 2X greater that that oftungsten instruments, they have a lower operatingtemperature and come in a range of wattage.
  27. 27. Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights. Theiroutput per watt is almost 2X greater that that oftungsten instruments, they have a lower operatingtemperature and come in a range of wattage.
  28. 28. Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights. Theiroutput per watt is almost 2X greater that that oftungsten instruments, they have a lower operatingtemperature and come in a range of wattage.
  29. 29. Types of LightingTypes of LightingHMI’s are available as both Fresnels and PAR(Parabolic Aluminized Reflector) spot lights. Theiroutput per watt is almost 2X greater that that oftungsten instruments, they have a lower operatingtemperature and come in a range of wattage.
  30. 30. Lighting 101Lighting 101THREE BASIC ATTRIBUTES of LIGHT• Coherence (Quality)Hard and Soft Light• Color TemperatureDaylight and Tungsten• IntensityWattage and OutputFoot Candles and Lumens
  31. 31. Lighting 101Lighting 101HARD LIGHTLight is transmitted directly from a smallpoint source and results in relativelycoherent (parallel) rays. This gives the lighta hard, crisp, sharply defined appearance.The light from a clear, unfrosted light bulb,a focused spotlight, or the sun in a clearsky are hard light sources
  32. 32. Hard Lighting InstrumentsLighting 101Lighting 101LTMPARLightIaniro“Red Head”ETC Source 4Leko SpotlightMoleOpen FaceIaniro“Blonde”
  33. 33. SOFT LIGHTLighting 101Lighting 101Soft (diffused) light has the opposite effect. Asshown in the photo on the left, soft light tendsto hide surface irregularities and minimizedetail.There are numerous techniques used to softenor diffuse hard light sources.
  34. 34. SOFT LIGHTING INSTRUMENTSLighting 101Lighting 101China Balls“Chimera”Soft BoxesMole RichardsonFresnelLED LightingZiplightor Soft LightKinoFlo Diva Fluorescent
  35. 35. CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion refers to the practice ofsoftening hard light with diffusers. Acommon type of diffuser is silk fabricstretched in a frame. Small diffusionframes are called flags, 6x6 to 8x8frames are butterflies and the 12x12 to20x20 frames are called overheads.Lighting 101Lighting 101
  36. 36. CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion refers to the practice ofsoftening hard light with diffusers. Acommon type of diffuser is silk fabricstretched in a frame. Small diffusionframes are called flags, 6x6 to 8x8frames are butterflies and the 12x12 to20x20 frames are called overheads.Lighting 101Lighting 101
  37. 37. Controlling CoherenceFilters also known as lenses areattached to open-face lights(especially HMI’s) to help diffuseand direct the light. A set of lensesusually includes a spot, a fresnel, a“stipple” and one or two wideangles.Lighting 101Lighting 101
  38. 38. CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion also refers to many types ofgels (plastic filters) that are used to softenand reduce the intensity of lights.Some popular diffusing gels are frosts(250 and 216 and Hampshire ), gridcloth, opal, and toughspun. Gels areattached to barn doors withclothespins (C-47’s or bullets).Lighting 101Lighting 101
  39. 39. CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion also refers to many types of gels(plastic filters) that are used to softenand reduce the intensity of lights.Some popular diffusing gels are frosts(250 and 216 and Hampshire ), gridcloth, opal, and toughspun. Gels areattached to barn doors withclothespins (C-47’s or bullets).Lighting 101Lighting 101
  40. 40. CONTROLLING COHERENCEDiffusion also refers to many types of gels(plastic filters) that are used to soften andreduce the intensity of lights. Somepopular diffusing gels are frosts (250 and216 and Hampshire ), grid cloth, opal, andtoughspun. Gels are attached to barn doorswith clothespins (C-47’s or bullets).Lighting 101Lighting 101
  41. 41. Color TemperatureThe second attribute of light, colortemperature, refers to its basic color asmeasured in degrees on the Kelvin colortemperature scale (Ko).Lighting 101Lighting 101
  42. 42. COLOR TEMPERATUREAlthough light can be any colorbetween ultraviolet andinfrared, There are two colorswe are concerned with:5,600oK for daylight and3,200oK for tungsten lamps.Camcorders are programmedwith these two values as theirwhite balance presets.Lighting 101Lighting 101InfraredUltraviolet5600oK3200oK
  43. 43. COLOR TEMPERATURETungsten lights operate at 3,200oK whileHMI’s burn at 5,600oK. To match atungsten instrument with daylight or anHMI, we attach a CTB (colortemperature blue) color correction gelto the light. To match an HMI withtungsten we attach CTO (colortemperature orange).Lighting 101Lighting 101
  44. 44. CONTROLLING INTENSITYDimmers are the traditional way tocontrol the intensity of lights.Unfortunately, as the wattagedecreases, the colortemperature decreases as well.Dimmers come in sizes rangingfrom 600 watts called “handsqueezers” to dimmers that canhandle 20,000 watts.Lighting 101Lighting 101
  45. 45. CONTROLLING INTENSITYScrims resemble a frame of finely-woven screen wire like thatfound in a screen door. A full setincludes two doubles, a single, ahalf-single, a half-double and agel frame. Adding a singlereduces the lights intensity by30% and a double reduces it by60%.Lighting 101Lighting 101
  46. 46. CONTROLLING INTENSITYLike scrims, some flags (called nets)can reduce the intensity of a lightwithout changing the color temperature.In addition to a single net and a doublenet, a full set of flags includes twosolids, and a silk. One side of someflags is open to make it easier to blendthe shadow.Lighting 101Lighting 101
  47. 47. End of Lighting OverviewEnd of Lighting Overview

×