Nation  part 1
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Nation part 1






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    Nation  part 1 Nation part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Nation Project- Part 1 Argentina Argentina
      • Kelsey Taylor
      • History 141
    • Geography
      • 2,400 miles long, 870 miles wide
      • 4 major regions: fertile central plains of the Pampas (agriculture), southern plateau of Patagonia (oil), subtropical northern flats of the Gran Chaco, and rugged Andes mountain range
      • Major rivers: Paraná, Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado, Río Negro, Salado, y Uruguay
      • Shares a very long border with Atlantic Ocean
    • Geography
      • General Climates
        • North: very hot, humid summers with mild drier winters, subject to periodic droughts
        • Central: hot summers with thunderstorms and cool winters
        • South: warm summers, cold winters with heavy snowfall especially in mountainous zones
    • People
      • Demographics
        • 40 million inhabitants
        • considered a country of immigrants: most are descendants of Europeans (86.4%), Mestizo (8%), or Arab and Asian (4%)
        • most of the immigrants came from Italy and Spain and many of them went to Buenos Aires
        • Argentine constitution guarantees freedom of religion but also requires the government to support Roman Catholicism economically
    • People
      • Language
        • Official language is Spanish
        • Argentina is the second largest Spanish-speaking society that uses “vos” instead of “tu”
        • most prevalent dialect is Rioplatense in the Río de la Plata basin
        • the Buenos Aires accent is closer to the Neapolitan dialect of Italian than any other spoken language
        • other languages spoken include Italian, Levantine dialect of Arabic, German, Guarraní, English, Portuguese, and French
    • Culture
      • Argentina has a rich literary history
      • Also has one of the region’s most active publishing industries
      • Jorge Luis Borges- most acclaimed writer
      • “golden age” of cinema was in the 1930-1950’s
      • Buenos Aires is one of the great capitals of theater
      • the cities are enriched by the many Argentine architects
    • Culture
      • Common dishes: pasta, sausage and dessert dishes common to continental Europe and also a wide variety of indigenous and Crillo dishes including empanadas, locro, humitas, and yerba mate
      • Argentines have the highest consumption of red meat in the world
      • most popular sport is soccer
      • the tango is Argentina’s music symbol
      • Argentine rock is the most popular music among youths
    • History
      • indigenous Inca indians were the first humans to inhabit Argentina
      • European settlers arrived in 1516
      • 1st settlement in modern Argentina was Fort of Sancti Spiritu in 1527
      • Buenos Aires was established in 1536 but then destroyed by natives
      • populated by mainly Spanish settlers
      • 1811- the country was united independently
      • lots of fighting took place between all the South American states
      • between 1880-1929, Argentina emerged as one of the ten richest countries in the world
    • History
      • General Juan Perón ruled between 1946-1955 when he was then exiled
      • Returned in 1974 to take office one more time
      • “ Dirty War”- many political oppositions “disappeared” because they were killed
      • Current president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was the 1st woman elected president of Argentina
      • She took over the presidency from her husband after 4 years of the country growing
    • Sources