These are the Conflicts that Destroy  Families and Communities:     Conflicts over Land in Post-War Burundi               ...
OUTLINE OF TODAY S TALKI.     Environment shaping land conflicts       in Burundi      A.  Population density & land scarc...
CONTEXT OF LAND CONFLICT      IN BURUNDI1.  Population Density and Land    Scarcity2.  Return of Refugees and IDPs3.  The ...
POPULATION DENSITY AND LAND         SCARCITY                Photos: Debbie Espinosa, Landesa                              ...
POPULATION DENSITY AND       LAND SCARCITY•  Population increased 6.8% from 2003 to 2011,   and is expected to double befo...
RETURN OF REFUGEES     AND IDPs                     6
THE NEW LAND CODEPhoto: Global Rights                                     7
INNOVATIONS OF THE         NEW LAND CODE1.  Creation of a new National Lands Commission2.  Creation of commune-level land ...
TYPES OF LAND        CONFLICTS IN BURUNDI•    Ownership conflicts•    Boundary conflicts•    Conflicts over purhcase and s...
Film Clip: Burundi:       The Battle for the LandYouTube link:http://youtu.be/S89itO3dHw8?t=48s (:48 to 4:58)             ...
WOMEN S ACCESS AND  RIGHTS TO LAND         Photo: Debbie Espinosa, Landesa                                           11
MECHANISMS FOR DISPUTE        RESOLUTION•  Customary dispute resolution•  Local authorities & CNTB•  NGOs and community ba...
MITIGATION OF LAND                CONFLICTS•    Awareness-raising and sensitization•    Collaboration with CNTB•    Altern...
FORMALIZATION OF  LAND RIGHTS    Photo: Swiss Cooperation, Burundi Land Tenure Program                                    ...
THE ROAD AHEAD1.    Reduce pressures on land2.    Coordinate mediation activities3.    Decentralize of land administration...
COMMENTS OR QUESTIONS?  These are the Conflicts that Destroy     Families and Communities:  Conflicts over Land in Post-Wa...
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These are the Conflicts that Destroy Families and Communities: Conflicts over Land in Post-War Burundi

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A presentation that I gave at the Great Lakes Policy Forum (on February 8th, 2012 at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington DC) as a Land Tenure Associate at Landesa (www.landesa.org).

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These are the Conflicts that Destroy Families and Communities: Conflicts over Land in Post-War Burundi

  1. 1. These are the Conflicts that Destroy Families and Communities: Conflicts over Land in Post-War Burundi Kelsey Jones-Casey Land Tenure Associate, Landesa Great Lakes Policy Forum February 8th, 2012 Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies Washington DC
  2. 2. OUTLINE OF TODAY S TALKI.  Environment shaping land conflicts in Burundi A.  Population density & land scarcity B.  Return of Refugees & IDPs C.  The new Land CodeII.  Nature of these conflicts A.  Types of land conflicts B.  [Film clip] C.  Women s rights to landIII.  Addressing land conflicts A.  Dispute resolution mechanisms B.  Mitigation of conflicts C.  Land formalizationIV.  The road ahead 2
  3. 3. CONTEXT OF LAND CONFLICT IN BURUNDI1.  Population Density and Land Scarcity2.  Return of Refugees and IDPs3.  The New Land Code 3
  4. 4. POPULATION DENSITY AND LAND SCARCITY Photos: Debbie Espinosa, Landesa 4
  5. 5. POPULATION DENSITY AND LAND SCARCITY•  Population increased 6.8% from 2003 to 2011, and is expected to double before 2030.•  Population density increased from 219 to 367 people per square kilometer.•  Average land holding is .5 to .7 hectares, divided between 2 to 4 parcels.•  Burundi is very dependent on agriculture. 5
  6. 6. RETURN OF REFUGEES AND IDPs 6
  7. 7. THE NEW LAND CODEPhoto: Global Rights 7
  8. 8. INNOVATIONS OF THE NEW LAND CODE1.  Creation of a new National Lands Commission2.  Creation of commune-level land offices and pilot certification3.  Limits on expropriation4.  Limits on conversions of state land5.  Transfer of ownership of paysannat lands 8
  9. 9. TYPES OF LAND CONFLICTS IN BURUNDI•  Ownership conflicts•  Boundary conflicts•  Conflicts over purhcase and sale•  Inheritance conflicts•  Conflicts related to state expropriate•  Landlessness 9
  10. 10. Film Clip: Burundi: The Battle for the LandYouTube link:http://youtu.be/S89itO3dHw8?t=48s (:48 to 4:58) 10
  11. 11. WOMEN S ACCESS AND RIGHTS TO LAND Photo: Debbie Espinosa, Landesa 11
  12. 12. MECHANISMS FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION•  Customary dispute resolution•  Local authorities & CNTB•  NGOs and community based organizations Photo: Jane Boles, Flickr 12
  13. 13. MITIGATION OF LAND CONFLICTS•  Awareness-raising and sensitization•  Collaboration with CNTB•  Alternative livelihoods & land improvement•  Land governance, administration, formalization 13 Photo: UNDP, Flickr
  14. 14. FORMALIZATION OF LAND RIGHTS Photo: Swiss Cooperation, Burundi Land Tenure Program 14
  15. 15. THE ROAD AHEAD1.  Reduce pressures on land2.  Coordinate mediation activities3.  Decentralize of land administration4.  Bridge the gap between statutory and customary law5.  Further succession law Photo: Debbie Espinosa, Landesa 15
  16. 16. COMMENTS OR QUESTIONS? These are the Conflicts that Destroy Families and Communities: Conflicts over Land in Post-War Burundi Kelsey Jones-Casey Research & Land Tenure Associate Landesa | Rural Development Institute kelseyjc@landesa.org 16

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