Designing for
Memory Deficit
Kelly Nichols
Thesis Studio I
Prof. Scott Pobiner
Prof. Louisa Campbell
11.19.10
Ubiquitous
Interfaces
Memory
Assistive
Technologies
Domains
Cognitive
Prostheses
Domains
Cognitive prostheses are
devices, systems, and
strategies that assist the user
with memory, attention,
concentration.
Who uses
cognitive prostheses for
memory deficit?
“The number of people age 65 and older is expected to
grow from 39 million in 2008 to 72 million in 2030,
and the number o...
“TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in
children and adults from ages 1 to 44.”
“Veterans’ advocates believe ...
“Each year, approximately 795,000 people
experience a new or recurrent stroke.”
“From 1996 to 2006, the stroke death rate ...
Cognitive Orthosis for Assisting aCtivities in the Home
Prompting device for guiding user through hand
washing. Employs vi...
A lab-based replication of a real kitchen ... [that]
allows both the evaluation of pervasive computing
prototypes and the ...
An ambient interface that
would exist in a smart home
ecology like Ambient Kitchen
and leverage the tracking
model of COACH
Cabinet Setup
Meet Caroline
Caroline Dupree is a 76-year old woman living in
upstate New York. Over her life she has held a
number of jo...
Caroline makes tea.
The trace of her task
Tracking task artifacts
Feedback
• Currently, tasks require human input for
modeling.
• Interested in using video feedback.
• Unsure how “shadows”...
Further Thinking & Concerns
• Explore video playback.
• Prompting in the service of learning.
• Prevention of memory defici...
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Thesis Studio I - Evaluative Module

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Thesis Studio I - Evaluative Module

  1. 1. Designing for Memory Deficit Kelly Nichols Thesis Studio I Prof. Scott Pobiner Prof. Louisa Campbell 11.19.10
  2. 2. Ubiquitous Interfaces Memory Assistive Technologies Domains
  3. 3. Cognitive Prostheses Domains
  4. 4. Cognitive prostheses are devices, systems, and strategies that assist the user with memory, attention, concentration.
  5. 5. Who uses cognitive prostheses for memory deficit?
  6. 6. “The number of people age 65 and older is expected to grow from 39 million in 2008 to 72 million in 2030, and the number of people with AD doubles for every 5-year interval beyond age 65.” 1. National Institute on Aging, www.nia.nih.gov Dementia & Alzheimer’s
  7. 7. “TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and adults from ages 1 to 44.” “Veterans’ advocates believe that between 10 and 20% of Iraq veterans, or 150,000 and 300,000 service members have some level of TBI.” 1. Brain Trauma Foundation, www.braintrauma.org Traumatic Brain Injury
  8. 8. “Each year, approximately 795,000 people experience a new or recurrent stroke.” “From 1996 to 2006, the stroke death rate fell 33.5%, and the actual number of stroke deaths declined 18.4%.” 1. “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics2010 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association,” Circulation 121 (2010): e46-e215, accessed November 18, 2010, doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192667. Stroke
  9. 9. Cognitive Orthosis for Assisting aCtivities in the Home Prompting device for guiding user through hand washing. Employs video tracking and audio prompts to keep the user on task. COACH (2007) http://web.cs.toronto.edu/research/profiles/coach.htm
  10. 10. A lab-based replication of a real kitchen ... [that] allows both the evaluation of pervasive computing prototypes and the simultaneous capture of the multiple synchronized streams of sensor data. Ambient Kitchen (2009) http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1579114.1579161
  11. 11. An ambient interface that would exist in a smart home ecology like Ambient Kitchen and leverage the tracking model of COACH
  12. 12. Cabinet Setup
  13. 13. Meet Caroline Caroline Dupree is a 76-year old woman living in upstate New York. Over her life she has held a number of jobs, with a clerical position at the local Veteran’s Administration office being the last before retirement. She enjoys gardening and walks over to her plot at the community garden as many as four times a week in the summer. Five years ago, Caroline’s husband, Richard, started noticing a change. Caroline seemed to get confused while doing relatively simple things around the house. In the middle of washing dishes, she would stop and look around her, as if unsure of what it was she was doing. Caroline was diagnosed with dementia. Her most recent score of 18 on the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), categorizes her dementia as moderate. Photo: www.flickr.com
  14. 14. Caroline makes tea.
  15. 15. The trace of her task
  16. 16. Tracking task artifacts
  17. 17. Feedback • Currently, tasks require human input for modeling. • Interested in using video feedback. • Unsure how “shadows” would be received by those with dementia. • Not sure how this could be evaluated.
  18. 18. Further Thinking & Concerns • Explore video playback. • Prompting in the service of learning. • Prevention of memory deficit? • Scope of project
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