Cornell 2011 05-13
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Cornell 2011 05-13

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This is one out of a series of presentations which I have given during a recent trip to the United States. I will make them all public, but content does not vary a lot between some of them

This is one out of a series of presentations which I have given during a recent trip to the United States. I will make them all public, but content does not vary a lot between some of them

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  • Whatdoesthismean in practice? I will show thiswithanexamplefrom the BBC. The biggestconsumers (and producers) of LOD are as I know the BBC and the New York times (Butnowalso the US government)
  • During the Web 1.0 phase, Webpageswerecomposedbyhumans. Todaymostwebpages are drivenbydatabasesthat can bedynamicallyqueried. Theycontainthrough RSS feedsalso data fromotherwebsitesThis BBC webpageis a big jumpfurther. I hasnotbeencomposedbyhumans and itisnotfromone database generated. Itisgeneratedfromdifferentdatasourcesthatwerepresentaslinked open data, linkedonlythrough common URIs
  • Ifresources are marked up withsemanticallydefined and machinereadableconcepts, they can belinked and mashed up preciselyaswehaveseen in the examplefrom the BBC.In thisexamplewe start withan AGRIS record on Hazardouswaste, whichisindexedwith AGROVOC. Alreadynowwe can easily link to material indexedwithEurovoc, hereanexamplefromEuroLex. If the UNBIS thesaurus wouldberestructuredto a conceptscheme and publishedas LOD, related UN documentscouldbeattachedautomaticallyby the machine.
  • Ifresources are marked up withsemanticallydefined and machinereadableconcepts, they can belinked and mashed up preciselyaswehaveseen in the examplefrom the BBC.In thisexamplewe start withan AGRIS record on Hazardouswaste, whichisindexedwith AGROVOC. Alreadynowwe can easily link to material indexedwithEurovoc, hereanexamplefromEuroLex. If the UNBIS thesaurus wouldberestructuredto a conceptscheme and publishedas LOD, related UN documentscouldbeattachedautomaticallyby the machine.
  • Ifresources are marked up withsemanticallydefined and machinereadableconcepts, they can belinked and mashed up preciselyaswehaveseen in the examplefrom the BBC.In thisexamplewe start withan AGRIS record on Hazardouswaste, whichisindexedwith AGROVOC. Alreadynowwe can easily link to material indexedwithEurovoc, hereanexamplefromEuroLex. If the UNBIS thesaurus wouldberestructuredto a conceptscheme and publishedas LOD, related UN documentscouldbeattachedautomaticallyby the machine.
  • Ifresources are marked up withsemanticallydefined and machinereadableconcepts, they can belinked and mashed up preciselyaswehaveseen in the examplefrom the BBC.In thisexamplewe start withan AGRIS record on Hazardouswaste, whichisindexedwith AGROVOC. Alreadynowwe can easily link to material indexedwithEurovoc, hereanexamplefromEuroLex. If the UNBIS thesaurus wouldberestructuredto a conceptscheme and publishedas LOD, related UN documentscouldbeattachedautomaticallyby the machine.
  • How does this work: A resource is connected with each concept URI in the web. The concepts between three vocabularies are having same literal which is connected with owl:sameAS/exactMatch relationship. As we are speakingaboutthesauri and notontologieswekept the relation tobechosenpurposelyvague. The conceptscouldbematchedwithowl:sameAS or the termscouldbematcheswith SKOS:exactMatch. A lotofdiscussion on thisisongoing
  • The mainintegrationworksthroughcommonsemanticsCore ofagINFRAtechnologyisaLODstoreofsharedencodedknowledgeorganizationsystemsan automaticmarkupto link structuredandunstructureddatasourcesthroughthissharedKnowledgeOrganizationsystemsSharing withinthe R.I.N.G.Partner registertheirservices, notechnicallimitationLOD – Wrapper for all participatingInstitutionsFor all registered services a „triplificationwrapper“ will besetupThe triplifierworkswith „agConceptsandagIdentities“ tocreatelinkeddataSteadilygrowing LOD ecosystemThe agINFRA LOD ecosystemoffers Webservices forthewww
  • http://193.190.8.15/agri3/user: agri@oceanpassword: agrihttp://aims.fao.org/lode/bd/subjecthttp://202.73.13.50:58301/AgroTagger/

Cornell 2011 05-13 Cornell 2011 05-13 Presentation Transcript

  • The CIARD (Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for development) initiative and a global infrastructure for linked open data (LOD)
    Dr. Johannes Keizer
    Office ofKnowledge Exchange, Research and Extension
    Food andAgricultureOrganizationofthe UN
    Talk ad Mann Library, Cornell University
    Ithaca, 2011-05-06
  • We will promote research for food and agriculture, including research to adapt to, and mitigate climate change, and access to research results and technologies at national, regional and international levels.
    We will reinvigorate national research systems and will share information and best practices.
    We will improve access to knowledge.
    worldfoodsummit 2009
  • AOS/AGMES
    agricultural information management standards and services
    Agris Consultations
    Coherence in Information
    forAgriculturalResearchforDevelopment
    …since then
  • http://www.ciard.net
  • Involving Institutions into CIARD
    • Contributions
    • promote and implement the CIARD vision and objectives
    • register products and services on research outputs through the CIARD RING
    • adopt/promote international standards related to digital research outputs
    • register institutional profile on Checklist
    • share lessons learned and experiences
    Benefits:
    increased national/international visibility and use of their research output and content services
    increased exchange of information content between their system(s) and others
    increased awareness of other research outputs through information content and services
    increased access to specialised expertise and knowledge and other partners’ proven solutions
  • Coherence in Information
    forAgriculturalResearchforDevelopment
    A new global movement to provide a platform for coherence
    between information-related initiatives
    to make public domain agricultural research information and knowledge
    truly accessible to all
    2009
    2007
    2008
    2005
    2010
    2012
    2011
    1st IISAST Consultation
    TASK FORCES
    CIARD Initiative launched
    (15 founding partners)
    Regional Consultations
    70 countries 150 info prof.
    2nd IISAST Consultation
    GCARD 2012
    e-Consultation & Beijing Consultation
    + Regional Workshops
    CIARD endorsed (GCARD and FARA)
    +112 partners and growing…
  • Advocacy Task Force
    Capacity Building Task Force
    Content Management Task Force
  • http://aims.fao.org
  • The AIMS Community
  • …. and now to the technical stuff
  • Information InfrastructureforAgriculturalResearch and Innovation
  • DistributedRepositories
    • stats
    • gene banks
    • gis data
    • blogs,
    • journals
    • open archives
    • raw data
    • technologies
    • learningobjects
    • ………..
  • Example: BBC Wildlife Finder
  • Humboldt Squid page, pulled together from a diversity of Linked Data sources
    BBC TV Documentary
    BBC News item
    Wikipedia
    Animal Diversity Web:Nocturnal way of life
  • ..to talk about now
    Vocabularies and Linked Open Data
    An Idea about an Infrastructure
    Elements for the Infrastructure
    AGROVOC and the VocBench
    AgroTagger and OpenCalais
    LODE-BD
    Tools
    The RING
    Implementation Example: AGRIS
  • Vocabularies and
    Linked Open Data
  • http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7825
  • http://eurovoc.europa.eu/218754
    http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7825
  • http://eurovoc.europa.eu/218754
    http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7825
  • http://eurovoc.europa.eu/218754
    http://agclass.nal.usda.gov/nalt/2011.xml#1780
    http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7825
  • Linking data through common URIs
    TOXIC SUBSTANCES
    http://www.agnic.org/search/CAT85822953
    UNBIS
    AGROVOC
    NALT
    http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7825
    http://agclass.nal.usda.gov/nalt/2011.xml#1780
    http://eurovoc.europa.eu/218754
    Eurovoc
    http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search/display.do?f=1996/TR/TR96001.xml;TR9600026
    http://unbisnet.un.org:8080/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=128F308557F34.283092&profile=bib&uri=full=3100001~!685149~!1&ri=1&aspect=subtab124&menu=search&source=~!horizon
    http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:202:0011:0015:EN:PDF
    http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12332 owl:sameAshttp://eurovoc.europa.eu/219871
    skos: exact match UNBIS: Toxic Substances
  • If all institutions, which publish about toxic wastes would:
    • - Index their publications with URIs from AGROVOC,GEMET, NALT, LCSH or EUROVOC
    • (many do – low hanging fruit!)
    • - Publish their metadata as LOD
    • (quite easy to do, bibData map well to RDF
    Then
    Everyone who knows to write SparqlQeries could get all these publications with one shot for a new website on toxic wastes
  • Vocabularies and LOD
    Simply publishing your data as RDF does not link them to other data sets 
    Creating this links by humans is interesting in detail, but unrealistic as mass processing
    Linking 2 standard vocabularies can link 200 datasets which use these standard vocabularies
  • …just out of the pipele
    -----Original Message-----From: Antoine Isaac [mailto:aisaac@few.vu.nl] Sent: Thursday, May 12, 2011 7:19 PMTo: UDC SummaryCc: Anibaldi, Stefano (OEKC); Dan BrickleySubject: Re: AGRIS Journals and UDC URIs/ checkingAida, Stefano,…..Of course the first hints re. URIs is to keep it short. www.udcc.org/udcclass_631.1/50900 seems a bit long.Then it might be interesting to use "class" somewhere, if you're going to release entities with a different type one day.On the most difficult issue, class numbers vs. DB identifiers. Probably you will have to create both, if you want to intercept these cases where concepts have changed class number.…………
  • RING
    routemapto information nodes and gateways
    VocBench
    concepts and entitiesreferencetriples
    Cloud
    storagefor RDF data triples
    Tools
    LOD
    enabled software
    LOD Generator
    triplifier,
    concept and entityidentifier
    Data Services
    Webservices + APIsto triple stores
    agINFRA - the elements
  • ….views into the construction site
    VocBench
    AGROVOC LOD on VocBench 1.1
    LOD Generator
    Do you know openCalais?
    AgroTagger Testing Site
    LODE-BD
    The RING: http://ring.ciard.net
    Tools
    AgriDrupal
    AgriOceanDspace : http://193.190.8.15/agri3/
  • Thank You!
    http://www.ciard.net
    http://ring.ciard.net
    http://aims.fao.org
    http://agris.fao.org