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Openstack architecture for the enterprise (Openstack Ireland Meet-up)
 

Openstack architecture for the enterprise (Openstack Ireland Meet-up)

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    Openstack architecture for the enterprise (Openstack Ireland Meet-up) Openstack architecture for the enterprise (Openstack Ireland Meet-up) Presentation Transcript

    • OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Keith Tobin Cloud Architect
    • Speaker Profile Keith Tobin • Dell Cloud Architect • Located in the Dell Cloud Center of Excellence in Dublin, Ireland • Over two decades of software, platform and cloud development • Organizer for OpenStack Ireland • Loves all things OpenStack and Cloud 2 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Forward & Backward Leaning Applications Backward leaning applications are like dogs Forward leaning applications are like cows • They get names like ‘pepper’. • We care about them, when they get sick the nurse them back to health. 3 • They get numbers like ‘726’ • When the get sick the are replaced. OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Important Question • What type of workload will my cloud being running? a) Forward leaning. b) Backward leaning. c) Mixed, both forward and backward. 4 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Not all OpenStack deployments are the same • Openstack is like a kit car. It is a set of building blocks that can be assembles in top a cloud. 5 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Design Goals • Design an OpenStack architecture to run both enterprise and cloud applications • Meet enterprise performance expectations for VM’s, networking and storage • Zero downtime on the control layer • No data loss in the event of a single node failure • Must be durable, reliable and highly available • Must automatically recover after a fault situation has been fixed • Minimize management tasks 6 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Solution Stack OpenStack Titanium OpenStack Tested Solution Storage RabbitMQ Cluster For HA CEPH on R720 RabbitMQ Cluster Percona MySQL Highly Available Dynamic Load Balancing Dynamic Load balancer Deployment SUSE Linux SUSE Linux Networking Physical Layer R620 R720 C6100 7 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Force10 SonicWall Servers Security Cloud Services Crowbar SecureWorks Managed Services
    • Deployment With Crowbar 8 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Deploying OpenStack with Crowbar Is Easy • Crowbar boots and installs from ISO on a management node (server) • Provides user with web UI for configuration and operations management • Discovers all potential targets (servers) automatically • Performs hardware configuration – BIOS configuration – Performs updates to BIOS and firmware • Installs OS on targets • Deploys OpenStack from a set of configuration modules called barclamps 9 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Crowbar Deployment OpenStack Database Controller Barclamp Node 01 Identity Controller DHCP Barclamp Node 02 Image Controller Barclamp Node 03 Block storage Barclamp Crowbar PXE Node 01 Networking Barclamp Nova Compute Chef Server Compute Node 02 Barclamp Compute Horizon Node 03 Barclamp 10 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Crowbar 2 Status 11 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Network Infrastructure 12 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Redundant Network Infrastructure Existing network fabric F10-Z9000 Force 10 - Z9000 Network Switch Force 10 - S4810 Compute Node 13 Compute Node OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Force 10 - S4810 Force 10 - S4810 Compute Node Compute Node Compute Node Force 10 - S4810 Compute Node Compute Node Services
    • Load Balancer 14 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Active/Passive (Fault) (Normal) Incoming API Incoming API Requests Requests Server 01 VIP Server 02 VIP KeepaliveD Load Balancer 01 KeepaliveD Load Balancer 02 (Inactive) (Active) (Passive) (Active) Keystone etc. 15 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Keystone etc. Keystone etc. Services
    • Single HAProxy Bottleneck Server 01 iVIP eVIP Server 02 Inactive LB (Active LB) HAProxy MySQL MySQL RabbitMQ RabbitMQ Horizon Horizon Glance-API Glance-API Glanceregistry Novascheduler Glanceregistry Novascheduler Nova-API Nova-API Keystone-API Keystone-API Cinder-API Cinder-API Neutron-API Neutron-API Neutron L2 Neutron L2 Neutron L3 Neutron L3 Neutron DHCP 16 HAProxy Neutron DHCP OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Dynamic Load Balancing Incoming API Traffic Network Network Switch Switch OSPF ECMP Server 02 Server 01 Server 03 Quagga Quagga HAProxy HAProxy Quagga HAProxy Keystone Keystone Etc…. 17 Keystone Etc….. Etc…… OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Neutron 18 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Neutron (Single Networking Node) Controller 01 Controller 02 Compute 01 Compute 03 Keystone Keystone Nova Nova Glance Glance MySQL MySQL Compute 02 Compute 04 Etc…. Etc…. Nova Nova Network 01 Neutron API L3 Agent OVS Agent DHCP Agent Internet 19 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Neutron (Separate Networking Nodes) Controller 02 Controller 03 Compute 01 Compute 02 HAProxy HAProxy HAProxy L3 Agent L3 Agent Quagga Quagga Quagga DHCP Agent DHCP Agent Neutron API Neutron API Neutron API OVS Agent OVS Agent Neutron Scheduler Neutron Scheduler Neutron Scheduler Other OpenStack Services Other OpenStack Services OpenStack Services Compute 03 Compute 04 L3 Agent L3 Agent DHCP Agent DHCP Agent OVS Agent OVS Agent Controller 01 Ect…. Other Internet 20 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • RabbitMQ 21 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • RabbitMQ Cluster (With Mirrored Queues) Physical View Logical View Controller 02 HAProxy HAProxy HAProxy Quagga Quagga Quagga RabbitMQ RabbitMQ RabbitMQ Other OpenStack Services Other OpenStack Services End Point Controller 03 Other Ect…. OpenStack Services Controller 01 Dynamic Load Balancer RabbitMQ 01 22 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise RabbitMQ 02 RabbitMQ 03 Services
    • MySQL Database 23 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Single Server (Normal Operation) Application DB Server Data 24 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Single Server (Failed) Application DB Server 1 (Active) Data 25 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Single Server (Failed) • Disadvantage • Single point of failure Application DB Server 1 (Active) Data 26 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Active/Passive Failover 27 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Active/Passive Failover (Failed Node) Active/Passive Failover (Normal Operation) Disadvantages • Inactive Server • Limits scale • Reduces the potential workload processing ability of the solution by half • Async replication has potential for data inconsistencies across server nodes in fault situations 28 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Application DB Server 1 DB Server 2 DB Server 2 (Active) (Failed) (Passive) (Active) Async Replication Data Data Services
    • MySQL With DRDB 29 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL With DRDB (Normal Operation) Disadvantages • Inactive server • Limits scale • Reduces the potential workload processing ability of the solution by half Application DB Server 1 DB Server 2 (Failed) Server Not Available ! Event Data Data Event Confirmed 30 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL MultiMaster 31 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Multi-Master Cluster Application 01 Application 02 Load balancer DB Server 1 DB Server 2 Data Data DB Server 3 Data 32 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Multi-Master Cluster (Failed Node) Application 01 Application 02 Load balancer DB Server 1 DB Server 2 Data Data DB Server 3 Data 33 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Async Replication 34 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • MySQL Async Replication • No guarantee that data will be consistent across all nodes at any point in time Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Server N Data 35 Server 1 Data Services
    • MySQL Single Thread replication Processor C1 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise C3 C4 C5 36 C2 C6 C7 C8 Services
    • MySQL Multi-Master Cluster Application 01 Disadvantages • At any point in time there is no guarantee that data is in a consistent state within the cluster • One thread allocated for replication tasks Application 02 Load balancer DB Server 1 DB Server 2 Data Data DB Server 3 Data 37 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Percona MySQL Cluster 38 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Percona MySQL Cluster Capability Synchronous Replication Data Consistency Parallel Applying on All Nodes Atomic Node Provisioning Multi-Master 39 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Synchronous Replication Application 01 Capability Server 1 Server 2 Data Consistency Event Data Data Event Confirmed 40 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Synchronous Replication Parallel Applying on All Nodes Atomic Node Provisioning Multi-Master Services
    • Data Consistency Server 1 Server 2 Server 3 Capability Data Data Data Synchronous Replication Data Consistency Parallel Applying on All Nodes At any point in time data is always consistent across all nodes in the cluster 41 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Atomic Node Provisioning Multi-Master Services
    • Parallel Applying on All Nodes Processor C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 Capability Synchronous Replication Data Consistency Parallel Applying on All Nodes Atomic Node Provisioning Multi-Master 42 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Atomic Node Provisioning DB Server 1 New Node DB Server 4 Join Cluster Data Join Cluster Data Capability Cluster DB Server 2 DB Server 3 Data Data Synchronous Replication Data Consistency Parallel Applying on All Nodes Atomic Node Provisioning Multi-Master 43 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Multi-Master Cluster Application 01 Application 02 Dynamic Load balancer Capability DB Server 1 DB Server 2 Data Synchronous Replication Data Data Consistency DB Server 3 Data 44 Openstack Architecture for the Enterprise Parallel Applying on All Nodes Atomic Node Provisioning Multi-Master Services
    • Block Storage 45 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Block Storage CEPH on R720 46 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Logical Architecture 47 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services
    • Thank you…. Keith Tobin Cloud Architect 48 OpenStack Architecture for the Enterprise Services