The Case for Power Librarianship

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Research that Inspired the ID School Library Impact Study

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The Case for Power Librarianship

  1. 1. Critical Learning Skills in the 21 st Century Collaborating for Student Success Keith Curry Lance The Case for Power Librarianship Research that Inspired the Idaho School Library Impact Study
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States involved, Info/Library Power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library predictors of achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling for other factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What you can do </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Previous Research <ul><li>1950s-1980’s: </li></ul><ul><li>largely experimental research </li></ul><ul><li>Resources—staff, collections, technology </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian as teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher & principal support </li></ul><ul><li>1992/3: 1 st Colorado study: </li></ul><ul><li>statistical analysis </li></ul><ul><li>School Match episode </li></ul><ul><li>“ School Match Revisited” </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Question </li></ul>
  4. 4. Information Power / Library Power Model <ul><li>Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning & Teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Access & Delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program Administration </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Standards-Based Education <ul><li>Norm-referenced tests </li></ul><ul><li>Reading tests </li></ul><ul><li>Library/study skills tests </li></ul><ul><li>Percentile rankings (“curve”) </li></ul><ul><li>Standards-based tests </li></ul><ul><li>Content standards </li></ul><ul><li>Info literacy standards </li></ul><ul><li>Percent meet/exceed standards </li></ul>
  6. 6. Technology <ul><li>Rapid growth of computers, Internet in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Changing library & technology jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Common ground: “information literacy” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Challenge to Recent Studies <ul><li>Take into account </li></ul><ul><li>Info Power/Library Power movements </li></ul><ul><li>Standards-based education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology developments </li></ul><ul><li>Get message beyond “the choir” </li></ul><ul><li>Principals, teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Technology staff </li></ul><ul><li>Parents, students </li></ul>
  8. 8. Schools & Libraries Studied <ul><li>Since 2000, 15 states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AK, CO, DE, FL, IA, IL, IN, MA, MI, MN, MO, NC, NM, NY, OH, OR, PA, TX, WI … and Ontario </li></ul></ul><ul><li>10,000+ schools </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary, middle and high </li></ul><ul><li>3 million+ students </li></ul>
  9. 9. Library Predictors of Academic Achievement <ul><li>Credentialed staff </li></ul><ul><li>Master’s/bachelor’s degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher certification & experience </li></ul><ul><li>Library media endorsement </li></ul><ul><li>Other staff </li></ul><ul><li>Library aides </li></ul><ul><li>Technology aides </li></ul>
  10. 10. Library Predictors of Academic Achievement <ul><li>Learning & </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Planning with teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Co-teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching (solo) info literacy to students </li></ul><ul><li>Providing in-service to teachers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Library Predictors of Academic Achievement <ul><li>Info Access & </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Developing collections </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying resources for teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Motivating students to read </li></ul>
  12. 12. Library Predictors of Academic Achievement <ul><li>Program </li></ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting regularly with principal </li></ul><ul><li>Attending faculty meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Serving on key committees </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with other school librarians </li></ul>
  13. 13. Library Predictors of Academic Achievement <ul><li>School library hours of operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before, during & after school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible access/scheduling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School library usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group visits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual visits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both for ICT literacy </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Library Predictors of Academic Achievement <ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>In library </li></ul><ul><li>Elsewhere in school </li></ul><ul><li>Providing access to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library catalogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensed databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State-funded databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet/WWW </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Latest Results: sample Illinois findings <ul><li>Test scores higher at schools with more: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library staffing (+17-18% ES, MS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flex scheduling (+10-11% ES) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborating librarians & teachers (+8% ES) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Latest Results: more Illinois findings <ul><li>Test scores higher at schools with more: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current collections (+13-14% MS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers/100 students (+8-11% MS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library spending (+5% ES -- +12% HS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circulation (+11%, ES) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group visits (+9-10%, MS) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Controlling for Other School & Community Conditions <ul><li>School library factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staffing, collections, expenditures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other school conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per pupil spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher-pupil ratio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty (NSLP eligibility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minority enrollment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult education (age 25+ HS grads) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Academic Achievement Predictors Ranked <ul><li>Ranked by % of test score variation explained: </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty (NSLP eligibility): 50-65% </li></ul><ul><li>School library development : up to 15%, typically 3-5% </li></ul><ul><li>Variables that don’t explain test scores consistently : </li></ul><ul><li>Adult education </li></ul><ul><li>Minority enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Per pupil spending </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-pupil ratio </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Latest Results: sample Indiana findings <ul><li>Scores higher where principal places higher value on librarian: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>providing in-service (+30%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>meeting with principal (+17%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>serving on committees (+10%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborating w/ teachers (+8%) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The Latest Results: sample Indiana findings <ul><li>3rd-grade scores higher where teachers report librarian more often: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>initiates collaboration (+16%), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>offers resources (+14%), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>has classes visit on flex schedule (+11%) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Recommended Actions <ul><li>Staff school libraries well. </li></ul><ul><li>Stock them with current books, databases & Internet computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Fund them to support school’s curriculum & state’s standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt flexible scheduling. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize computer network to extend library’s reach into classrooms. </li></ul>
  22. 22. What You Can Do <ul><li>Support the ID school library impact study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey responses needed from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administrators </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. For More Information … <ul><li>Visit the national Impact Studies page at: http://www.LRS.org/impact.php </li></ul><ul><li>Visit the ID study page at: http://libraries.idaho.gov/doc/impact-study </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Keith Curry Lance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tel.: 303-466-1860 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul></ul>

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