Powering Achievement 2007


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Powering Achievement 2007

  1. 1. Powering Achievement   The Impact of School Libraries & Librarians on Academic Achievement Keith Curry Lance Celebrate a Winning Team! Principals & School Librarians: Ingredients for Increased Student Achievement Denver, November 8, 2007
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library predictors of academic achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling for school & community conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions to ask </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Early experimental studies (1950’s-80’s) <ul><li>Librarian as teacher, co-teacher, tutor </li></ul><ul><li>Collections, technology, interlibrary cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Library staff, budgets, teacher & principal support </li></ul>
  4. 4. First Colorado Study (1992/93) <ul><li>School Match episode </li></ul><ul><li>“ School Match Revisited” aftermath </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Question </li></ul><ul><li>… and the answer </li></ul><ul><li>The Impact of School Library Media Centers on Academic Achievement </li></ul>
  5. 5. Challenge to Recent Studies <ul><li>Take into account </li></ul><ul><li>Info Power & Library Power </li></ul><ul><li>Standards-based education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology developments </li></ul>
  6. 6. Schools & libraries studied <ul><li>Since 2000, 16 states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AK, CO, FL, IA, IL, IN, MA, MI, MN, MO, NC, NM, OR, PA, TX, WI … plus province of Ontario </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 10,000 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary, middle and high school libraries serving over 3 million students </li></ul><ul><li>Scholastic’s School Libraries Work! </li></ul>
  7. 7. WII FM: What’s in it for me? <ul><li>a leadership partner </li></ul><ul><li>instructional resources geared to your school’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>teaching of info literacy </li></ul><ul><li>bridge over technology-curriculum divide </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative learning environment </li></ul>
  8. 8. A leadership partner … <ul><li>A school librarian has the education, training and credentials required to be a school leader </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who regularly… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>meets with the principal, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>attends faculty meetings, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>serves on key committees, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>meets with other library staff </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Information resources … <ul><li>A school librarian manages a school library program that is adequately staffed, stocked, and funded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires planning, budgeting, reporting, and evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Someone who helps students and teachers access the information they need on a flexible schedule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires support staff </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Teaching information literacy <ul><li>Print, non-print, and electronic resources that support the school’s curriculum and the state’s standards </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy—i.e., to recognize an information need and to locate, evaluate, and apply information in critical thinking to solve a problem </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bridging technology-curriculum divide <ul><li>Selection of licensed databases and identification of authoritative free websites </li></ul><ul><li>Expertise in bridging gaps between students and teachers, online information, and curriculum and instruction </li></ul>
  12. 12. Collaborative environment <ul><li>A colleague who attends conferences/meetings, brings back useful info </li></ul><ul><li>A facilitator of flexibly scheduled access to library </li></ul><ul><li>A collaborator w/ classroom teachers in design/delivery of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher of other teachers (especially about info resources/technology) </li></ul>
  13. 13. The latest results: sample Illinois findings <ul><li>Test scores higher at schools with more: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible scheduling (10-11% elem.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library staffing (17-18% elem., middle) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian/teacher collaboration (8% elem.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current collections (13-14% middle) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library/networked computers/100 (8-11% middle) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library spending (5% elem., 9% middle, 12% high) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circ (11%, elem.), group visits (9-10%, middle) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The latest results: sample Indiana findings <ul><li>Test scores higher at schools where principals place higher value on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LMSs providing in-service to teachers (29%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting with their LMSs (17%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having LMSs serve on committees (10%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaboration between LMSs and teachers (8%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Higher test scores at elementary schools where: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LMSs believed others see them as leaders, curriculum designers, and colleagues (10-14%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers collaborate with LMSs more frequently, and believe they teach I.L. standards better in collaboration (14%) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Controlling for other school & community conditions <ul><li>School library factor </li></ul><ul><li>Other school conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per pupil spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher-pupil ratio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty (NSLP eligibility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minority enrollment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult educational attainment (age 25+ graduated from high school) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Achievement predictors ranked <ul><li>Ranked by percent of test score variation explained: </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty (NSLP eligibility): 50-65% </li></ul><ul><li>School library development : up to 20%, typically 5-8% </li></ul><ul><li>Variables that don’t explain any test score variation consistently: </li></ul><ul><li>Adult educational attainment </li></ul><ul><li>Minority enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Per pupil spending </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-pupil ratio </li></ul>
  17. 17. Recommended actions <ul><li>Staff libraries with professional & support staff </li></ul><ul><li>Stock w/ current books & licensed databases as well as networked computers </li></ul><ul><li>Fund to support curriculum and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt flexible scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize computer network to extend library’s reach into classrooms </li></ul>
  18. 18. How do you benefit from your school library? <ul><li>Do you as principal consult librarian when making plans/decisions about your school? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you as a teacher receive benefits of working w/ your librarian? </li></ul><ul><li>What more can you as school librarian do to contribute to school’s success? </li></ul>
  19. 19. For more information… <ul><li>Visit the School Library Impact Studies page on the Library Research Service website at: http://www.LRS.org/impact.php </li></ul><ul><li>Look for results of new studies on the RSL Research Group website at: http://www.RSLresearch.com </li></ul>
  20. 20. Contact Information <ul><li>Keith Curry Lance </li></ul><ul><li>RSL Research Group </li></ul><ul><li>Phone 303 466 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile 720 232 5866 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>