middle ages
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quiz will be based on this ppt and what sir discussed after our presentation. the style of the quiz is identification. Just simple lg. ...

quiz will be based on this ppt and what sir discussed after our presentation. the style of the quiz is identification. Just simple lg.
there will be only two questions from sir's discussion, but very simple lg..hehe aside fron them, i will just use same discriptions as written in our ppt, so that it would be easier.. (e.g. question: the invaders sattled plains of Hungary. answer: Magyars )

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middle ages Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Middle Ages
    So what comes to mind when we say “Middle Ages?”
  • 2. Knights!
  • 3. Castles!
  • 4. Feudal Warfare!!!!
  • 5. Chivalry- code of honor
  • 6. Vikings!
  • 7. Jousting Tournaments
  • 8. The Middle Ages
    The period in European history between the downfall of Rome and the Renaissance.**
    Early Middle Ages
    High Middle Ages
    Late Middle Ages
    What is it………
    Divisions of….
  • 9. The Middle Ages
    External Threats
    Northern Germanic Tribes
    Invaded Roman Empire in 5th century**
    Mongols
    Internal Threats
    Growth and expansion ended
    The “Bad” emperors
    Social Divide
    Loss of Centralized Authority
    Power Void
    Dominance of Germanic culture or blending of
    Loss of “institutions”
    Decline of Learning
    Ultimately a new form of government focused upon 1 factor (security)
    The Fall of Rome
    Results from the fall of Rome
  • 10. Who fills void of Roman Empire
    Rise to power
    In 496 Clovis will rise to King**
    511 Clovis unites the Franks into one kingdom
    Provide for the loss of many “institutions”
    Education
    Writing
    History
    Some Security
    Kings
    The “Church”
  • 11. Organization of the Church
    Essentially religious communities**
    Monasteries enable the “Church” to adapt to the rural population shift of Middle Ages
    Allowed the “church” to reach the people
    Men devoted to religious life were monks; women were nuns**
    Branch office
    In 520 popular monk named Benedict appears
    Benedict writes a set of very strict laws for his monasteries
    Manual labor and prayer
    731 Venerable Bede writes history of England
    Monasteries
    Monks
  • 12. “Church” organization
    Parishes: local Christian communities
    Bishop: head of a parish
    Diocese: area of authority of a bishop
    Popes: eventual leaders of Roman Catholic Church
    Gregory I
    Becomes Pope in 590**
    Also served as leader of the city of Rome (later called the Papal States)
    Increased power of Pope
    Worked to convert Germanic Europe to Christianity
    G. Chant
    Organization
    Early Popes
  • 13. The Franks
    Charles Martel
    Defeats muslims at Battle of Tours 732
    Pepin
    Mayor of the Palace (eventually took the throne)
    Died 768
    Charlemagne
    Charles the Great (son of Pepin)
    768-814
    Created the Carolingian Empire
    Not until Napoleon
    800 coronation; Emperor of the Romans
    Symbolized unification of Roman, Germanic, & Christian Elements
    Death in 814 will start the decline of Carolingian Empire
    The Kings of Franks
    Charlemagne
  • 14. Invaders of Europe (800-1000)
    Muslims
    Southern coast
    Magyars
    Settled plains of Hungary
    Vikings
    Northmen (Norsemen)
    Destroyed towns and churches
    Given land named Normandy
  • 15. Rise of Feudalism
    Feudalism: new political and social system
    Vassal: served lord in military capacity
    Fief: grant of land made to a vassal
    Feudal Contract: determined relationship between lord and vassal
  • 16. Rise of European Kingdoms
    Angles & Saxons
    Oct. 14, 1066
    Battle of Hastings
    William of Normandy; crowned King of England
    Henry II (1154-1189)
    Thomas Becket
    King John
    1215 Magna Carta (beginning of limited power)
    Capetian Kings
    Little more than Paris
    Philip II Augustus
    1180-1223
    Growth of French Monarchy
    Philip IV (Philip the Fair)
    1285-1314
    By 1300 France the largest & best governed monarchy in Europe
    England
    France
  • 17. Rise of European Kingdoms
    Otto I
    962 crowned emperor of the Romans
    Frederick I
    “Italy the center of a holy empire”
    Frederick II
    Goal: Strong centralized government in Italy
    Holy Roman Empire
  • 18. Time periods of the Middle Ages
    Early
    500-900
    True “Dark” Ages
    Fall of institutions
    High
    1000-1200
    Late
    1300-1500
  • 19. High Middle Ages
    Primary Themes
    Peak of feudal institutions
    Peak of “Church” influence
    Revival of Trade, Cities, Learning
  • 20. Peak of “Church” Influence
    Age of Faith
    Increase of intolerance
    The Crusades
    Urban II encourages military campaigns to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims
    Urban’s challenge well received (religious zeal, class of warriors, economics)
    False Crusade
    1096 the Peasant Crusaders
    Peter the Hermit
    Walter the Penniless
    Early Crusades
    First 1097
    Second 1147
    Third 1189
    Fourth 1202
  • 21. Economic Impact of Crusades
  • 22. High Middle Ages
    Rise of Universities
    First Universities
    Bolgna (1158); then Paris, Oxford
    After university could go on to law, medicine or theology
    Scholasticism: philosophical and theological system which tried to reconcile faith and reason; harmonize Christian teachings with the works of Greek philosophers
  • 23. Late Middle Ages
    Decline of Feudal institutions
    Hundred Years’ War
    New Monarchies
    Rise of money economy & commercial capitalism in High Middle Ages
    Decline of “Church” influence
    Great Schism 1378-1417
    Disease
    Black Death
    1347-1353
    European population of 75 million; possibly 38 million die
  • 24. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!!!
    GROUP OF:
    Keiko Mizuno
    Lezyl C. Coloso
    Sheena Grace Lim