Future Tense (going to and will)

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This documentation talks about the future tense and how is formed, most particular talks about the going to and will

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Future Tense (going to and will)

  1. 1. 2 Introduction In English grammar there is no time future. Instead refers to a number of forms for the present show that an event will take place. Each of these forms has a slightly different meaning. The choice usually depends on the speaker's attitude, how likely is it, if when checking or check.
  2. 2. 3 The Future- Going To The future with going to is formed by: Affirmative form: Subject pronoun + am/are/is + going to + main verb + object. Examples: I’m going to swim. I’m going to school. You are going to shopping. Affirmative form negative: Subject pronoun + am/are/is + not + going to + main verb + object. Examples: I’m not going to play. We are not going to work. She is not going to church. Interrogative form positive: Am/Are/Is + subject pronoun + going to + main verb + object. Examples: Are you going to swim? Am I going to the stadium? Is she going to hair dressers? Short Answers: Yes, you are. No, I am Yes, she is Interrogative form positive negative: Am/Are/Is + subject pronoun + not + going to + main verb + object. Examples: Isn’t she going to sleep? Are not you going to be quiet? Am not I going to kill Chapa? Short Answers: Yes, she is No, you not Yes, I am In future with going the adverbs of frequency are always placed before will. Examples: They are always going to take negative. Are you ever going to meet Jane? Note: the short form gonna Utilization We use going to for:
  3. 3. 4 Actions that we have decided to do in the future (First we think and decide, then we say what we have decided about the future, using going to.) Examples: He is going to be a doctor. I’m going to take note 20 in this prove. We are going to leave IMIL in 2014. Sometimes we say when the action will happen and sometimes we understand when the action will happen and do not say it. Examples: The Teacher is going to leave the class at 11:00 am. After this we are going home. I’ m going to drive France in my holiday’s. Actions in the future that we have planned and organized. We can also use the present the present continuous for these action. Examples: He is going to swim in the pool this weekend. We are going to drink in the bar tomorrow. We are going to finish this work. Things that we believe or predict about the future, often because the present situation or a past event gives us a good reason for our prediction. Examples: She’s going to leave me. I’m going to feel alone. We are not going to see as again. The Future- will The future with will is formed by: Affirmative form: Subject pronoun + will+ main verb+ object. Note: The short can be formed by: Subject pronoun+’ll+ main verb in infinitive. Examples: I will study He will die. They will come. Affirmative form negative: Subject pronoun + will+ not + main verb + object. Note: The short can be formed by: Subject pronoun + won’t+ main verb in infinitive. Examples: We will not work. I won’t die. It will not result.
  4. 4. 5 Like all future forms, the future with will cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of simple future, simple present is used. Examples: When you will arrive tonight, we’ll go out for dinner. Not correct When you arrive tonight, we’ll go out for dinner. Correct In future with will the adverbs of frequency are always placed after will. Examples: You will never help him. Will I only love her? Utilization We use will for: Actions in the future that we decide to do at the moment of speaking (we think first and peak using will at the same time we decide). Examples: You are speaking a lot…I’ll shut you up. This music is good. You will enjoy. Offering to do something. Examples: You will help him later. I will send you the information when I get it. She will make some sandwiches. Promises. Examples: I will buy you a PlayStation 4. You will be the most love woman in the world Interrogative form positive: Will + subject pronoun + main verb + object. Note: There are no shot forms for this formation. Examples: Will I die? Will they came? Will it do? Interrogative form negative: Will + subject pronoun + not + main verb + object. Note: There are no shot forms for this formation. Examples: Will I not die? Will they not came? Will it not do?
  5. 5. 6 They will study. To give opinions about the future (we often use phrases like: I’m sure, I think, and I don’t think before will to give opinions). Examples: I think that Chapa will reprove We don’t think we will take a bed note in this work. Maybe we will win this war. Facts about the future. Examples: Nelson Mandela will die. Europe will surpass the crisis. The world one day will end’s. We use shall in: The first person on the singular and the first person of the plural for questions offering to do something for another person. Examples: I shall go now. We shall work. Questions for suggesting possible actions and asking if an idea is good. Examples: Shall I go? Shall we do? Difference between going to and will
  6. 6. 7 Conclusion Simple Future has two different forms in English: ’’will’’ and ‘’going to’’. Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both ‘’ will’’ and ‘’going to’’ refer to a specific time in the future We use going to: Actions that we have decided to do in the future. Actions in the future that we have planned and organized. Going to is also associated with present continuous. Things that we believe or predict about the future, often because the present situation or a past event gives us a good reason for our prediction. Going to express most exact future. We use will for: Actions in the future that we decide to do at the moment of speaking. Offering to do something. To give opinions about the future Facts about the future. Future with will can be formed by adverbs of doubt like: Will express an insert future.
  7. 7. 8 Bibliography English is fun-PlátanoEditora by Manuela Maggioni. Maria HelderValério. Larousse-English Grammar for learners. Didácticaeditor. Oxford Living Grammar pre-intermediate
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