Harvesting Energy from Wastes OPS Energy SolutionsRenewable Energy Project In MENA countries represented by Development Nisien BV, Netherlands
The Problem(s) Huge, Unmanageable Volumes of Waste Air Pollution Water Pollution Landfill Capacity Limits Odors Insect Vector Born Disease Vermin Vector Born Disease
Energy is Available but Literally Going to WasteEvery day, tens of thousands of tons of MSW, crop waste, woodwaste, yard waste, construction waste and other “renewable”materials as well as non-recyclable plastics and other organicsenter Ohio’s environment. OPS has potential clients in everyone of these categories. Yard Waste Auto Shredder Residue Wood WasteSewage Sludge Chicken Litter MSW
Energy from Waste Technologies Incineration - The “I” Word Open Burning Gasification Heating Organic Material in a “Low Oxygen” Environment Pyrolysis Heating Organic Material in a “Zero Oxygen” or “Near Zero Oxygen” Environment
Energy from Waste - Pyrolysis The Pyrolysis / Electric Generation Process: • This is a Mature, Well- Established Technology Originally Developed in the 1800’s. • Recent Advances have Brought Costs and Size Modern Pyrolysis System Down Considerably. • The Technology is Safe,In Widespread Use – Europe, Asia, Efficient and Can Use a Africa and South America! Multitude of Feedstocks.
Pyrolysis Power Generation Biomass or Other Waste PYROLYSIS High BTU Syngas850o C in a Near (Methane, Ethane, Propane, Oxygen-Free Butane, CO and Hydrogen Environment Power Generation,Bio-Char Steam and/or Hot Water & Oils Waste Heat 85% to 90% of the heat is harvested.
TM* PyroGen 480/3 Phase To Customer Pyrolizer Gas In To Engine/GenSet Engine Exhaust (1,300oF) Engine Jacket Water For Feedstock Pre-Heat (205 F)* Patents Pending
Where does the MSW go? One Ton of Typical MSW Consists of Approximately: 540 kg of Cellulose (Paper and Cardboard)Total including 235 kg of Plastics recyclables 35 kg of Metals 100 kg of Food Waste(About 1000 kg) 90 kg Garden Waste About 700 kg of Plastics, FoodNon Recyclable Waste, Paper, Cardboard andResidues Garden Waste
Typical OPS line and efficiency Typical line will process approx 50 MT per day (unsorted MSW) Typical 8100 operating hours per year One line will typically produce (approx.): 2.25 MW electricity per hour 4.200 MT of bio-char per year 4.200 MT of pyro-oil per year Pyro-oil can either be further refined into derivates as bio- diesel, kerosene, naphtha or by using additional generators produce additional electricity – typical conversion rate is approx. 300 l of pyro-oil for 1 MW of electricity
Where does the MSW go?From 1 MT of unsorted waste we use 700 kg of non-recyclable MSW (or Engineered Fuel or RDF,) pyrolysis produces approximately: 190 kg of Pyro-Char 195 liters of Pyro-Oils 2 m² of High BTU Pyro-Gas Varying Amounts of Usable Heat
Emissions This is an “ultra-low emissions” technology. Under EPA Air Permitting Regulations for Particulates:▪ 250 Tons per year is considered a “Minor Source”▪ 500 Tons per year is considered a “Major Source”Six (6) I Power Engine / Generator Sets Produce Less than 450 kilograms of Particulates per Year!!
The 50 Ton per Day Pyrolysis Unit Throughput Intake Pyro-Char Output
Pyro–Char / Bio-Char The resulting sterile Char may be mixed with asphalt for road repair, pulverized to “Carbon Black” for making tires, converted to “Activated Carbon” or applied to farm fields, depending on exact content, local needs and regulations.Sequesters Carbon for Thousands of Years!
Pyro - Oil ProductionDepending on the waste feedstock, a variety ofoils are produced by pyrolysis. Many of theseliquids may be used directly as a substitute forfuel or bunker oil or refined for use in thechemical industry or as transportation fuels.
Project Income Streams1. Power Sales (10 to 20 Year Guarantee under Power Purchase Agreements)2. Tipping Fees3. Pyro-Char Sales (Carbon Black, Activated Carbon)4. Pyro-Oil Sales (Diesel Fuel, Naphtha, Petcoke)5. Recycling Sales (Aluminum, Ferrous Metals, Glass)6. Renewable Energy Certificates (“REC’s”)7. “Green Tags” (Cap and Trade/Kyoto)8. Heat/Hot Water Sales