Operation theatres
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Operation theatres

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    Operation theatres Operation theatres Presentation Transcript

    • OPERATION THEATRES By E. Jasmine(11211a1107) K. Keerthi (11211a1108)
    • CONTENTS • DEFINITION • HISTORY • SURGOEN AND ASSISTANT EQUIPMENT • OPERATING ROOM EQUIPMENT • STERILIZATION AND DECONTAMINATION • HOSPITAL LAUNDRY
    • DEFINITION • It is a facility within the hospital where surgical operations are carried out in a sterile environment
    • OLD OPERATION THEATRE
    • SURGEON & ASSISTANT EQUIPMENT • Apron-protects from blood stains • Caps-protective cap covering hair
    • • Shoes, shoe covers • Surgical gloves-prevents contamination between doctor & patients
    • • Masks-Present over their lower face covering mouth &noses • Glasses-over their eyes
    • OPERATING ROOM EQUIPMENT
    • OPERATING TABLE 1) Table on which the patient lies during surgical operation
    • SURGICAL LIGHTS • Operating lights are kept over the table to provide bright light without shadow during surgery
    • MONITORS • Continuously measures certain parameters • Example-glucose monitoring with glucometre
    • Cardiac monitor • To have continuous ECG
    • PULSE OXIMETRY • Involves measurement of the saturated percentage of oxygen in blood
    • ANAESTHESIA MACHINE • Assists patients breathing during surgery
    • HEART LUNG MACHINE
    • STERILIZATION & DECONTAMINATION OF SURGICAL THEATRES • BASIC PRINCIPLES 1) Cleaning removes contaminants, dust, organic matter 2) Disinfection reduces number of microbes
    • What is wrong with our practices • Disinfectants used indiscriminately, • Used unnecessarily • Concentration not adequate • Economic consideration
    • STERILIZATION • Sterilization is absolute, removes microbes and spores too. • To achieve sterilization is expensive, not sustainable, many times not needed. • An effective sterilization reduces the infections drastically.
    • BASIC CARE OF OT • Keep the floor clean and dry-bacteria are reduced • Keep the mops dry when not in use • Don’t use chemicals, use only when contaminated with blood &body fluids
    • HANDLING OF AIR IN OT • Negative air pressure is vented to the operation theatre • Environmental cleaning should be twice daily
    • IMPORTANCE OF HAND WASHING Soap Water & Common sense Yet the best anti-septic
    • PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF HOSPITAL LAUNDRY • Clean and adequate quantity of washed linen • Supply to be made on regular basis • Steps to be taken to prevent cross infection • Mechanized laundry is the best service method of linen supply
    • Operation theatre safety is responsibility of
    • THANK YOU • References:- 1) www.slideshare.net/doctorao/operation- theatre 2) www.wikipedia.org/wiki/operation-theatre