Index Overview 3 History 4 Architecture 5 Climate 7 Climate data 8 Tourism 9
OverviewFounded on, and by 18 Nov 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh IICo-ordinates 26.9200° N, 75.8200° ETime zone IST (UTC+5:30)Country, State, District India, Rajasthan, JaipurGovt. Type DemocraticTotal Area 11,117.8 km2 ( 4,292.6 sq. mi )Population 6,663,971 ( 10th populous state in India)Most popular languages English, Hindi and RajasthaniOfficial website(for more info.) http://www.Jaipur.nic.in/
History The Jaipur region used to be under the Matsya Kingdom. Modern Jaipur was formed only after Maharaja Ram Seo Master IImade it his capital in 1727 , because of water scarcity problems in his ex-capital, Amber(11km from Jaipur).The King consulted several books on architecture and architects beforemaking the layout of Jaipur. Finally, under the architectural guidance of Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya , Jaipur came into existence on the classical principles of Vastu Shastra and similar classical treatises.
Architecture Being a lover of astronomy, mathematics and astrophysics, Jai Singh sought advice from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, to aid him in designing many buildings, including the Royal Palace in the center of the city. The city was divided into 9 blocks: two blocks containing the state buildings and palaces, and the other seven for the public. Huge fortification walls were built, along with seven strong gates, for Security purposes. This architecture was very advanced and the best among others in the Indian subcontinent at that time.
The city was planned according to Indian Vastu Shastra (Vedic Planning for the comfort and prosperity of the citizens).The directions of each street and market are East to West and North to South. The Eastern gate is called Suraj (Sun) Pol, while the Western gate is called Chand (Moon) Pol. There are three gates facing East, West, and North and a Northerngate (known as Zorawar Singh gate) which faces toward the ancestral capital of Amber, while many gates face South. Jai Singh II and his advisor Vidyadhar, the founding of Jaipur was a ritual and opportunity to plan a whole town according to the principles of Hindu architectural theory.
Climate Basically, Jaipur has a hot semi-arid climate. Rainfall: over 650mm annually Temperature: High throughout the year:- Summer:30 °C ; Winter: 15-18 °C Monsoon: frequent, heavy rains and thunderstorms. Rare flooding.
Climate data for JaipurMonthRecordhigh °C Jan 30 (86) Feb 32 (90) Mar 40 (104) Apr 43 (109) May 45 (113) Jun 43 (109) Jul 45 (113) Aug 39 (102) Sep 39 (102) Oct 38 (100) Nov 37 (99) Dec 32 (90) Year 45 (113) (°F)Average 23 26 32 37 40 40 34 32 33 33 29 24 31.9high °C (73) (79) (90) (99) (104) (104) (93) (90) (91) (91) (84) (75) (89.5) (°F)Average 8 11 16 21 25 27 26 24 23 19 13 9 18.5low °C (46) (52) (61) (70) (77) (81) (79) (75) (73) (66) (55) (48) (65.3) (°F)Record 1 0 5 12 17 21 16 20 19 10 6 3 0low °C (34) (32) (41) (54) (63) (70) (61) (68) (66) (50) (43) (37) (32) (°F)Precipita 8 12 6 4 16 66 216 231 80 23 3 3 668tion mm (0.31) (0.47) (0.24) (0.16) (0.63) (2.6) (8.5) (9.09) (3.15) (0.91) (0.12) (0.12) (26.3)(inches) Source: BBC Weather
Hot Attractions As hot as its weather are its attractions, like the following: Kite Festival: A festival with a difference - as kites take to the sky all over Jaipur. In the evening, kites with lights in them and fireworks brighten the skies above. Anyone who likes kite flying wouldn‟t want to miss this. Elephant festival: It is held on the day of Holi festival, usually in the month of March. The festival features Elephant polo and Elephant Dance. The most beautifully decorated elephant is awarded.
Gangaur Fair : A festival devoted to Goddess Parvati. It is time for young girls to dress up in their finery and pray for grooms of their choice while the married women pray for the well-being of their husbands. Gangaur Fair Kite festivalElephantFestival
Teej Festival: A festival to mark the advent of monsoon. Essentially a womens festival, it is interesting to watch them enjoying in groups and at various bazaars where they turn up to shop in all their finery. Landscape: Built with Indian Vaastu Shastras in mind, this city has rich architecture, and is full of formidable forts. Also, many regions of this place still have buildings with the pink paint on them. That‟s why it has retained its pink city even now.
Local Sightseeing: Jaipur has got a lot of tourist places. Some of them are given below. HAWA MAHAL - Built in 1799, the 5 storied stunning semi-octagonal monument having 152 windows with over hanging latticed balconies is a fine piece of Rajput architecture. Originally designed for the royal ladies to watch and enjoy the processions and other activities, on the street below. Now it houses a well laid out museum. The display “Jaipur past and present” is the special feature of this newly setup museum.
JANTAR MANTAR - built in 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the huge masonry instruments were used to study the movement of constellations and stars in the sky. Enormous sun-dial still provide accurate time, which are subject to daily corrections.
ISHWAR LAT : „Swarg Suli‟ or „heaven piercing minaret‟, the tower, near Tripolia gate, built by Maharaja Ishwari Singh (1744-51). It offers one of the most breathtaking view of the city. View from Ishwar Lat
CENTRAL MUSEUM : Situated in the Ram Niwas Garden. This graceful building was founded in 1876 by Prince Albert (also known as Albert Hall). It has a rare collection of archaeological and handicraft pieces. BIRLA PLANETARIUM - It offers unique audio-visual education about stars and entertainment with its modern computerised projection system.
Cuisines/Accommodations As in any city, Jaipur has got a wide range of hotels offering a wide range of food. Still, some of the Must-Eat, most popular food are given below: Dal Bati Churma Ghewar
Subji (available in many varieties) Bajre ki KhichdiKalakand - Mishri Mawa