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Framework to evaluate5 13a-12


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  • 1. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 2. • Purpose of Initiative• Where are we now?• What do we know?• Best Practices• Early vs. Late Intervention• Strategy for Early Intervention• Voices of Florida’s job Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 3. Long-term Effectiveness Prevention & Criminal Early Activity InterventionAwareness Juvenile & Court &Treatment Incarceration Adult Court & Victims Incarceration Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 4. Getting Tough on Juvenile Crime—An Approach with Costly Results Getting Smart about Juvenile Justice – The Blueprint Commission Justice by Gender, The Lack of Appropriate Prevention, Diversion, and Treatment Alternatives for Girls in the Juvenile Justice System – American Bar Association/National Bar Association Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 5. Where are we now?• More children in criminal (adult) court system than any other state in the nation• Florida almost half size of California – transfers to adult criminal court 8x that of California• Youth crime dropped 57 percent between 1995 and 2010. ….all rates down in USA Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 6. The ChallengeAccording to FBI statistics• Rate of violent youth crime in Florida dropped 57 percent between 1995 and 2010• Juvenile arrests for murder fell 69 percent.Why?....long-term effect? Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 7. State Comparison• Florida’s transfer to Adult system….approximately 165 transfers per100,000 youth population – nearly double that of its closest competitors, Oregon and Arizona ....96 and 84 per 100,000, respectively – Yet, both of those states beat Florida in the crime drop.• Ohio had lowest… 20 per 100,000 But, crime decline of 74 percent was the steepest of all six states. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 8. …In Comparison to Rest of World• THE UNITED STATES IMPRISONS MORE PEOPLE THAN ANY OTHER NATION IN THE WORLD.• While 123 nations allow the death penalty, only the U.S. and Iran currently sentence juvenile offenders to death. Even nations such as China and Pakistan, countries that previously executed juveniles, have amended their laws to exclude death as a penalty for youth. In the U.S. since 1973, 226 juvenile offenders have been sentenced to death, and 22 have been executed. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 9. Around the World (con’t)• Many countries have “punitive” prevention programs that try to suppress juvenile and youth offenses, as well as gang recruitment, expansion and criminal behavior, by means of surveillance (continuous police observation) and prosecution.• This type of approach generally precludes efforts to promote proper behavior, focusing instead on preventing unwanted behavior. However, aggression on the part of authorities can in many cases contribute to the further integration of youth into delinquent groups. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 10. Alarming Statistics• Black juveniles are held in residential custody in the United States at twice the rate for Hispanics and five times the rates for whites.• Women/Girls being Incarcerated at increasing rate. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 11. Recent Studies“…studies exist indicating gettingtough approach has little or noeffect on the rate of juvenilecrime.Studies show that tryingjuveniles in adult criminal courtmay actually result in higherrates of reoffending.” Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 12. Results of Studies• Juveniles who receive harsher penalties when tried as adults are not "scared straight."• In fact, after their release, they tend to reoffend sooner and more often than those treated in the juvenile system. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 13. Juvenile Court “The original idea was, when a kid gets in trouble andis brought into court, the judge sits down, is a friendlymentor and has a talk. The family is involved andthings get better. But thats not the way the juvenilecourt now operates. Its very big, its very precise.Crimes are charged: the kid didnt hit another kid, hecommitted an assault or an assault with a deadlyweapon or a battery. All of a sudden, the minors therein court with an attorney telling him not toacknowledge that he did a wrong, becausepunishments going to be terrible. And Im not sayingthe kid shouldnt have an attorney, but thats whathappens when we made this system like a mini-adultsystem”Judge Nance Hoffman ,Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises,Santa Clara Retired, County of LLC
  • 14. The juvenile system does work: a 1996Florida study found that youthtransferred to adult prisons hadapproximately a 30% higher recidivismrate than youth who stayed in thejuvenile systemSource: Donna Bishop, et al, The Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal Court,42 Crime and Delinquency 171 (1996)Important to Know:Juvenile Issues & Solutions varyover time and communities! Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 15. What We Do Know….Statistical data in many countries show thatdelinquency is largely a group phenomenon;between two-thirds and three-quarters of alljuvenile offenses are committed by members ofvarious groups. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 16. What We Do Know….Juvenile peer groups are noted for their high levels ofsocial cohesiveness, hierarchical organization, and acertain code of behavior based on the rejection ofadult values and experience. There is a level of juvenile issues that are a “normal” part of the adolescent maturation process Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 17. What We Do Know…. Juvenile crime, including violent offenses, peaks at around 3 p.m., generally right after school lets out. If you reach a kid early, chances are they wont re-offend Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 18. What We Do Know….A study carried out in prisons in theUnited States reveals that familiesinvolved in criminal activities tend topush their younger memberstowards violating the law. Morethan two-thirds of those interviewedhad relatives who wereincarcerated; for 25 per cent it was afather and for another 25 per cent abrother or sister. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 19. What We Do Know….• The symbolic exclusion from society of juveniles who have committed even minor offences has important implications for the development of delinquent careers.• Studies show that the act of labeling may lead to the self-adoption of a delinquent image, which later results in delinquent activity. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 20. What We Do Know….• Lack or insufficiency of parental supervision is one of the strongest predictors of delinquency. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 21. Best Practice….• Can reduce juvenile delinquency by changing an urban environment.• A research study revealed most activities of juvenile delinquent groups concentrated around park.• The layout of the park was redesigned to create many more leisure and recreational alternatives for juveniles and their parents.• Number of positive afternoon activities held in schools and parks was increased. …considerable reduction in juvenile delinquency. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 22. Best Practice….• Supplying adolescents and young people with increased economic opportunities, professional training and education, new workplaces and assistance in organizing businesses reduces juvenile crime Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 23. Best Practice….Build on strengths and interests of youth,rather than focusing only on theirproblems or deficits.Citizens forged a partnership to combatcrime in 10 high-crime neighborhoods.They established new athletic leagues foryoung people and a youth forum for teensto speak out on community problems—led to a 29 per cent drop in crime in thetargeted neighborhoods and a citywidereduction in violent crime. Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC Prepared by
  • 24. Best Practice….The idea that young people canand should work in partnershipwith adults to improve conditionsin their communities has gainedcurrency in the past decade. Youngpeople are being asked to sit onboards, submit ideas and supportcommunity efforts throughstructured (sometimes required)volunteering. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 25. Barrier….• Low wages paid to social service employees give them little incentive to work with adolescents. Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 26. “The Balance” Incarceration CommunityPrevention by Intervention Community Judicial Awareness Proceedings Early Detection Law Enforcement Root Cause Detection Root Cause Root Cause $ $$ $$$ Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 27. Requires Detection & Addressing Root Cause…..more time and energy to figure out who they are and why theyrethere ….figure out what their strengths are and build upon those Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 28. Detection &InterventionHow well are we listening?.......“A lot of it had to do with feeling like nobodyelse cared about them, or feeling disrespectedby everybody else unless they belonged tosomething bigger than themselves, and theonly thing bigger than themselves that theyknew about was the gang.” Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 29. Three Areas of Detection & Intervention• At Individual Level• At Community Level• At Societal Level Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 30. Points of Detection - Individuals• Hunger & Malnutrition• Growth & Development • School Readiness • Reading Ability • Drop in School Attendance • Drop in Grades • Changes in Appearance • Aggression or Withdrawal Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 31. Community Points of Detection• Increase in Crime Rates • Presence of Gang Activity Graffiti & Fights• Group Cultural Dynamics• Unsupervised Children• Health Trends • Disease • Prenatal Issues Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 32. Societal Points of Detection• Socio-Economic Changes • Immigration • Urbanization • Unemployment • Parent Incarceration • Organized Crime • Sudden Affluence Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 33. Individual & Family Intervention• Educational, Social & Psychological Support (same culture, race helpful) • Social Work & Life Coaching • Group/Out-of-Home camps, group homes, alternative schools and shelters• Health Care Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 34. Community InterventionPublic Awareness & Education• Parenting• Social Responsibility• Specific Issues Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 35. Society Level Intervention• Long-term Focus & Flexible Laws• Available & Flexible Funding Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 36. Early Warning Signs of Conflict or War• Sudden demographic changes and displacement• Rising unemployment rates• Economic shocks or financial crisis• Destruction or desecration of religious sites• Discrimination or legislation favoring on group over another• Government “clamp-downs”• Destabilizing referenda or elections• A rise in “societal” intolerance and prejudice• An increase in numbers of demonstrations or rallies• Foreign intervention …only a little different for children! Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 37. The Florida Challenge Child Welfare Systems Health Education Systems Communities Care Systems Law Enforcement Systems Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC
  • 38. Voices For Florida - Help Foster Seamlessness and Early Warning Systems for Children• Tracking Outcome & Early Warning Indicators At Societal Level• Helping Communities Develop Their Own Indicators and Use Proven Strategy to Address Unique Needs in Their Community Prepared by Kaye Kendrick Enterprises, LLC