Introduction to Lokpal Bill. The word Lokpal means an ombudsman in India. The word has been derived from the Hindi words "lok" (people) and "pal" (protector/caretaker). The concept of Lokpal has been drawn up to root out corruption at high places in the prevailing Indian polity. The Lokpal is a forum where the citizen can send a complaints against a public official, prime minister, other ministers and
The Lokpal will be a three-member body with a chairperson who is or was a chief justice or Supreme Court judge, and two members who are or have been high courts judges or chief justices.
Government v/s Anna Hazare Anna Hazare along with other civil right activists have termed the draft legislation as weak and demanded that fifty per cent of the members in the committee drafting the bill should be from the public. Every complainant has to pay a fees and take full responsibility for leveling charges. In case the complaint is found to be baseless, punitive action extending to two years in jail and monetary fine of up to Rs.50,000 may be imposed on the complainant.
Anna Hazare started a fast, on 5th of April 2011, until death to demand the passing of the bill After that government issued a gazette notification constituting a 10-member Joint Committee of ministers and civil society activists, including him, to draft an effective Jan Lokpal Bill.
Jan Lokpal Bill (Citizens Ombudsman Bill) Lokpal will have powers to initiate suo moto action or receive complaints of corruption from the general public. Lokpal will be much more than an Advisory Body. It should be granted powers to initiate prosecution against anyone found guilty. Lokpal will have police powers. To say that it will be able to register FIRs. Lokpal and anti corruption wing of CBI will be one Independent body. The punishment should be minimum 5 years and maximum up-to life imprisonment.
Attempts to establish Lokpal at thecentral level? The Lokpal Bill has been introduced eight times in the Lok Sabha (1968, 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998 and 2001). Each time the Lok Sabha was dissolved before the Bill could be passed. The Lokpal Bill is likely to be passed by 15 August 2011.
Provision UnderState Government So far 18 state governments have enacted legislation to set up the office of Lokayukta and Uplokayukta (deputy Lokayukta). The 18 states are: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh. Three-member body, headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or high court chief justice and comprise the state vigilance commissioner and a jurist or an eminent administrator as other members