What is Narrative? A narrative is a story that is created in a constructive format (as a work of speech, writing, song, film, television, video games, photography or theatre) that describes a sequence of fictional or non-fictional events. Information from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narrative
Examples of Narrative films. Non- linear Narrative Films: The Social Network (2010) Director: David Fincher 500 Days of Summer. (2009) Director: Marc Webb
Tvzetan TodorovGeneral Information. Tvzetan Todorov was born on the 1st of March 1939 inSofia. He has lived in France since 1963 with his wifeNancy Huston and their two children, writing books andessays about literary theory, thought history and culturetheory.TheoryTZVETAN TODOROV (Bulgarian structuralist linguist publishing influentialwork on narrative from the 1960s onwards) Todorov suggested that storiesbegin with an equilibrium or status quo where any potentially opposing forcesare in balance. This is disrupted by some event, setting in chain a series ofevents. Problems are solved so that order can be restored to the world of thefiction. http://pt.scribd.com/doc/8332523/Narrat ive-theory-notes
Claude Levi-StraussGeneral Information. Claude Lévi-Strauss born in 28th of November 1908, died 30th ofOctober 2009. Was a French anthropologist and ethnologist, and hasbeen called, along with James George Frazer, the "father of modernanthropology“.Theory.Levi-Strauss looked at narrative structure in termsof binary oppositions. Binary oppositions are sets of opposite values whichreveal the structure of media texts. An example would be GOOD and EVIL - weunderstand the concept of GOOD as being the opposite of EVIL. Levi -Strausswas not so interested in looking at the order in which events were arranged inthe plot. He looked instead for deeper arrangements of themes. For example,if we look at Science Fiction films we can identify a series of binaryoppositions which are created by the narrative:Earth, Space, Good, Evil, Humans, Aliens, Past, Present, Normal, Strange, Known and Unknown. http://pt.scribd.com/doc/8332523/Narrat ive-theory-notes
http://pt.scribd.com/doc/8332523/Narrat ive-theory-notes Vladimir ProppGeneral Information. Vladimir Propp born on the 17th of April 1895 died on the22th of August 1970. Was a Russian and Soviet formalistscholar who analyzed the basic plot components ofRussian folk tales to identify their simplest irreduciblenarrative elements.Theory. (A Russian critic who examined 100s of examples of folktales to see if they shared. any structures. His book on this Morphology of theFolk Tale was first published in 1928) Propp looked at 100s of folk tales andidentified 8 character roles and 31 narrative functions. The 8 character roles are1. The villain(s) 2. The hero 3. The donor - who provides an object with some magic property. 4. Thehelper who aids the hero. 5. The princess (the sought for person) - reward for the hero and object ofthevillains schemes. 6. Her father - who rewards the hero. 7. The dispatcher - who sends the hero on hisway. 8. The false heroThe character roles and the functions identified by Propp can be applied to allkinds of narrative. In TV news programmes we are often presented withheroes and ‘villains. Just think of the media portrayal of Saddam Hussein orPrincess Diana.