• Queer Theory rejects conventional or mainstream behaviour, including sexual identity, but also a range of identities including race, disability and gender.• It rejects the essentialist nature of theories of identity based on binary oppositions like male/female, gay/straight and argues there is another space outside which is ‘queer’.
• Queer texts either deal with queer themes and have queer characters or are read as queer• Characters are often outsiders, on the edge of society• There has been some improvement in the representation of gay men and lesbians in the media, but queer theory rejects simple positive representations which it argues are based on queer characters and values fitting it and being acceptable to a heterosexual, mainstream audience.• Queer genres of often subvert traditional genre rules
Brokeback Mountain official trailer• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1l7JZA5 LQc
Serbian anti-gay protest footage• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Znp8kTGy Rx0
Section A• Evaluate how the gay community is represented in both products (8 marks)• To what extent has the media given a more positive representation of gay people over the last fifteen years? (8 marks)• ‘It is wrong to show lifestyles beyond the mainstream before the watershed.’ How far do you agree with this statement? (12 marks)
Possible theories to consider• Queer theory• Binary opposition• Moral panic• Marxism