CH L NGE  AL E   ST E F CT O F E IVEP ICING OL
   Basic Requirements    ◦ Educational Requirements    ◦ Training      Academy Training      In the Field Training
   Identify the differences between the police    academy and field training as learning tools for    recruits.
Police Academy:              Field Training: ◦ Laws of arrest, search,     ◦ The field training officer   seizure, and    ...
   Explain the benefits of a culturally diverse police    force.
   Benefits of a culturally diverse police force    include:    ◦ Improved community relations    ◦ Higher levels of serv...
   Women in Policing   Legal Discrimination
   List the three primary purposes of police patrol.
   Police on Patrol   The Purpose of Patrol    ◦ To deter crime by maintaining a visible presence    ◦ To maintain publi...
Routine patrol activities can be categorizedinto four areas: ◦ Preventive patrol ◦ Calls for service ◦ Administrative duti...
   Aggressive Investigation Strategies   Clearance Rates and Cold Cases    ◦ More than 80 percent of large-city police d...
   Forensic Investigations and DNA – the use of    science and technology to investigate crimes    ◦ Crime Scene Forensic...
   Describe how forensic experts use DNA    fingerprinting to solve crimes.
   DNA fingerprinting uses a suspect’s DNA to match    the suspect to a crime   Emerged in the mid-1990s   A match can ...
   Response Time to 911 Calls   Patrol Strategies    ◦ Testing General Patrol Theories in Kansas City    ◦ “Hot Spots” a...
   Explain community policing and its contribution to    the concept of problem-oriented policing.
   Community policing is a philosophy that    emphasizes community support for and    cooperation with the police in prev...
Problem-Oriented Policing: • A key component of community policing • Moves beyond simply responding to incidents and   att...
Police Subculture - the values and perceptions    that are shared by members of a police    department; these values perme...
   The Physical Dangers of Police Work   The Stress of Police Work
   Determine when police officers are justified in    using deadly force.
   The “Misuse” of Force    ◦ Occurs in only 1.6% of police-public encounters   Types of Force    ◦ Reasonable force – t...
The United States Supreme Court andUse of Force:Tennessee v. Garner (1985)Graham v. Conner (1989)
   Identify the three traditional forms of police    corruption.
   Types of corruption:    ◦ Bribery    ◦ Shakedowns    ◦ Mooching
   Explain what an ethical dilemma is, and name four    categories of ethical dilemmas typically facing a    police offic...
Ethical dilemmas are defined as a situationin which law enforcement officers: • Do not know the right course of action • H...
Four categories of ethical dilemmas:   Discretion   Duty   Honesty   Loyalty
Chapter 5 Challenges to Effective Policing
Chapter 5 Challenges to Effective Policing
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Chapter 5 Challenges to Effective Policing

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Chapter 5 Challenges to Effective Policing

  1. 1. CH L NGE AL E ST E F CT O F E IVEP ICING OL
  2. 2.  Basic Requirements ◦ Educational Requirements ◦ Training  Academy Training  In the Field Training
  3. 3.  Identify the differences between the police academy and field training as learning tools for recruits.
  4. 4. Police Academy: Field Training: ◦ Laws of arrest, search, ◦ The field training officer seizure, and (FTO) helps the rookie interrogation apply what s/he has ◦ Weapons use learned “in the streets.” ◦ Crime scene preservation ◦ Witness interviewing ◦ First aid ◦ Self-defense
  5. 5.  Explain the benefits of a culturally diverse police force.
  6. 6.  Benefits of a culturally diverse police force include: ◦ Improved community relations ◦ Higher levels of service
  7. 7.  Women in Policing Legal Discrimination
  8. 8.  List the three primary purposes of police patrol.
  9. 9.  Police on Patrol The Purpose of Patrol ◦ To deter crime by maintaining a visible presence ◦ To maintain public order and a sense of security ◦ To provide services that are not crime-related
  10. 10. Routine patrol activities can be categorizedinto four areas: ◦ Preventive patrol ◦ Calls for service ◦ Administrative duties ◦ Officer-initiated activities
  11. 11.  Aggressive Investigation Strategies Clearance Rates and Cold Cases ◦ More than 80 percent of large-city police departments have cold case squads dedicated to unsolved crimes
  12. 12.  Forensic Investigations and DNA – the use of science and technology to investigate crimes ◦ Crime Scene Forensics  For more than a century the most important piece of trace evidence has been the human fingerprint
  13. 13.  Describe how forensic experts use DNA fingerprinting to solve crimes.
  14. 14.  DNA fingerprinting uses a suspect’s DNA to match the suspect to a crime Emerged in the mid-1990s A match can be as conclusive as 30 billion to one
  15. 15.  Response Time to 911 Calls Patrol Strategies ◦ Testing General Patrol Theories in Kansas City ◦ “Hot Spots” and Crime Mapping Arrest Strategies ◦ The Broken Windows Effect ◦ Supporters and Critics
  16. 16.  Explain community policing and its contribution to the concept of problem-oriented policing.
  17. 17.  Community policing is a philosophy that emphasizes community support for and cooperation with the police in preventing crime. ◦ Less centralized ◦ Proactive
  18. 18. Problem-Oriented Policing: • A key component of community policing • Moves beyond simply responding to incidents and attempts instead to control or even solve the root causes of criminal behavior • Two important aspects of problem-solving policing are “hot spots” and crime mapping
  19. 19. Police Subculture - the values and perceptions that are shared by members of a police department; these values permeate agencies and are taught to new officers through a process of socialization. The Core Values of Police Subculture Police Cynicism
  20. 20.  The Physical Dangers of Police Work The Stress of Police Work
  21. 21.  Determine when police officers are justified in using deadly force.
  22. 22.  The “Misuse” of Force ◦ Occurs in only 1.6% of police-public encounters Types of Force ◦ Reasonable force – the degree of force that is appropriate to protect the police officer or other citizens and is not excessive ◦ Deadly force – force applied by a police officer that is likely or intended to cause death
  23. 23. The United States Supreme Court andUse of Force:Tennessee v. Garner (1985)Graham v. Conner (1989)
  24. 24.  Identify the three traditional forms of police corruption.
  25. 25.  Types of corruption: ◦ Bribery ◦ Shakedowns ◦ Mooching
  26. 26.  Explain what an ethical dilemma is, and name four categories of ethical dilemmas typically facing a police officer.
  27. 27. Ethical dilemmas are defined as a situationin which law enforcement officers: • Do not know the right course of action • Have difficulty doing what they consider to be right; and/or • Find the wrong choice very tempting
  28. 28. Four categories of ethical dilemmas: Discretion Duty Honesty Loyalty

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