Basic Requirements ◦ Educational Requirements ◦ Training Academy Training In the Field Training
Identify the differences between the police academy and field training as learning tools for recruits.
Police Academy: Field Training: ◦ Laws of arrest, search, ◦ The field training officer seizure, and (FTO) helps the rookie interrogation apply what s/he has ◦ Weapons use learned “in the streets.” ◦ Crime scene preservation ◦ Witness interviewing ◦ First aid ◦ Self-defense
Explain the benefits of a culturally diverse police force.
Benefits of a culturally diverse police force include: ◦ Improved community relations ◦ Higher levels of service
List the three primary purposes of police patrol.
Police on Patrol The Purpose of Patrol ◦ To deter crime by maintaining a visible presence ◦ To maintain public order and a sense of security ◦ To provide services that are not crime-related
Routine patrol activities can be categorizedinto four areas: ◦ Preventive patrol ◦ Calls for service ◦ Administrative duties ◦ Officer-initiated activities
Aggressive Investigation Strategies Clearance Rates and Cold Cases ◦ More than 80 percent of large-city police departments have cold case squads dedicated to unsolved crimes
Forensic Investigations and DNA – the use of science and technology to investigate crimes ◦ Crime Scene Forensics For more than a century the most important piece of trace evidence has been the human fingerprint
Describe how forensic experts use DNA fingerprinting to solve crimes.
DNA fingerprinting uses a suspect’s DNA to match the suspect to a crime Emerged in the mid-1990s A match can be as conclusive as 30 billion to one
Response Time to 911 Calls Patrol Strategies ◦ Testing General Patrol Theories in Kansas City ◦ “Hot Spots” and Crime Mapping Arrest Strategies ◦ The Broken Windows Effect ◦ Supporters and Critics
Explain community policing and its contribution to the concept of problem-oriented policing.
Community policing is a philosophy that emphasizes community support for and cooperation with the police in preventing crime. ◦ Less centralized ◦ Proactive
Problem-Oriented Policing: • A key component of community policing • Moves beyond simply responding to incidents and attempts instead to control or even solve the root causes of criminal behavior • Two important aspects of problem-solving policing are “hot spots” and crime mapping
Police Subculture - the values and perceptions that are shared by members of a police department; these values permeate agencies and are taught to new officers through a process of socialization. The Core Values of Police Subculture Police Cynicism
The Physical Dangers of Police Work The Stress of Police Work
Determine when police officers are justified in using deadly force.
The “Misuse” of Force ◦ Occurs in only 1.6% of police-public encounters Types of Force ◦ Reasonable force – the degree of force that is appropriate to protect the police officer or other citizens and is not excessive ◦ Deadly force – force applied by a police officer that is likely or intended to cause death
The United States Supreme Court andUse of Force:Tennessee v. Garner (1985)Graham v. Conner (1989)
Identify the three traditional forms of police corruption.
Explain what an ethical dilemma is, and name four categories of ethical dilemmas typically facing a police officer.
Ethical dilemmas are defined as a situationin which law enforcement officers: • Do not know the right course of action • Have difficulty doing what they consider to be right; and/or • Find the wrong choice very tempting
Four categories of ethical dilemmas: Discretion Duty Honesty Loyalty