Larry J. Siegel          www.cengage.com/cj/siegel       Chapter Three Victims and VictimizationValerie Bell • University ...
Victims and Victimization• The Victim’s Role  – Victimology  – Victimologists
Victims and Victimization• Victimization’s Toll on Society  – Economic Loss     • System costs     • Individual costs
Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization  – Blaming the Victim  – Long-Term Stress     • PTSD     • Adolesce...
Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization  – Antisocial Behavior     • Cycle of Violence
Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization  – The Social Ecology of Victimization     • Violent crimes        ...
Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization  – The Victim’s Household     • Larger     • African American     •...
Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization  – Victim Characteristics     • Gender     • Age     • Social statu...
Victims and Victimization• Theories of Victimization  – Victim Precipitation Theory     • Active precipitation     • Passi...
Victims and Victimization• Theories of Victimization  – Lifestyle Theories     • High-Risk Lifestyles     • College Lifest...
Victims and Victimization• Theories of Victimization  – Routine Activities Theory     • Suitable targets     • Capable gua...
Victims and Victimization• Caring for the Victim  – Victim Service Programs     • Victim-Witness assistance programs     •...
Victims and Victimization• Caring for the Victim  – Victims’ Rights     • Victims’ Bill of rights         – The right to b...
Victims and Victimization• Caring for the Victim  – Victims’ Rights     • Victims’ Bill of rights         – The right to b...
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Chapter 3 Criminology

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Chapter 3/Criminology/Cengage Learning

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  • Learning Objective 1. Describe the victim’s role in the crime process.
  • Learning Objective 1. Describe the victim’s role in the crime process.
  • Learning Objective 2. Know the greatest problems faced by crime victims.
  • Learning Objective 3. Know what is meant by the term “cycle of violence.”
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the ecology of victimization risk.
  • Learning Objective 5. Describe the victim’s household.
  • Learning Objective 6. Describe the most dominant victim characteristics. Learning Objective 7. Be familiar with concept of repeat victimization.
  • Learning Objective 8. Be familiar with the most important theories of victimization.
  • Learning Objective 8. Be familiar with the most important theories of victimization.
  • Learning Objective 8. Be familiar with the most important theories of victimization.
  • Learning Objective 9. Discuss programs dedicated to caring for the victim.
  • Learning Objective 10. Be familiar with the concept of victims’ rights.
  • Learning Objective 10. Be familiar with the concept of victims’ rights.
  • Chapter 3 Criminology

    1. 1. Larry J. Siegel www.cengage.com/cj/siegel Chapter Three Victims and VictimizationValerie Bell • University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
    2. 2. Victims and Victimization• The Victim’s Role – Victimology – Victimologists
    3. 3. Victims and Victimization• Victimization’s Toll on Society – Economic Loss • System costs • Individual costs
    4. 4. Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization – Blaming the Victim – Long-Term Stress • PTSD • Adolescent stress • Relationship stress – Fear
    5. 5. Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization – Antisocial Behavior • Cycle of Violence
    6. 6. Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization – The Social Ecology of Victimization • Violent crimes – More likely in: » Public areas » Commercial establishments • Crime in Schools
    7. 7. Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization – The Victim’s Household • Larger • African American • Western • Urban
    8. 8. Victims and Victimization• The Nature of Victimization – Victim Characteristics • Gender • Age • Social status • Race/Ethnicity • Marital Status • Repeat Victimization
    9. 9. Victims and Victimization• Theories of Victimization – Victim Precipitation Theory • Active precipitation • Passive precipitation • Victim Impulsivity
    10. 10. Victims and Victimization• Theories of Victimization – Lifestyle Theories • High-Risk Lifestyles • College Lifestyle • Criminal Lifestyle • Victim or Criminal? – Deviant Place Theory
    11. 11. Victims and Victimization• Theories of Victimization – Routine Activities Theory • Suitable targets • Capable guardians • Motivated offenders • Crime and everyday life • Research support
    12. 12. Victims and Victimization• Caring for the Victim – Victim Service Programs • Victim-Witness assistance programs • Victim compensation • Victim advocates • Victim impact statements • Public education • Crisis intervention • Victim-Offender reconciliation programs
    13. 13. Victims and Victimization• Caring for the Victim – Victims’ Rights • Victims’ Bill of rights – The right to be notified of proceedings and the status of the defendant – The right to be present at criminal justice proceedings – The right to make a statement at sentencing and to receive restitution from a convicted offender
    14. 14. Victims and Victimization• Caring for the Victim – Victims’ Rights • Victims’ Bill of rights – The right to be consulted before a case is dismissed or a plea agreement entered – The right to a speedy trial – The right to keep the victim’s contact information confidential
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