Chapter 2 Criminology

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Chapter 2/Criminology/Cengage Learning

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  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 2. Know the problems associated with collecting data.
  • Learning Objective 2. Know the problems associated with collecting data.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 5. Compare crime rates under different ecological conditions.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 6. Be able to discuss the association between social class and crime.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 7. Know what is meant by the term “aging out process.”
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 8. Recognize that there are gender and racial patterns in crime.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 8. Recognize that there are gender and racial patterns in crime.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 8. Recognize that there are gender and racial patterns in crime.
  • Learning Objective 9. Be familiar with Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin’s pioneering research on chronic offending.
  • Learning Objective 10. Know what causes chronicity.
  • Chapter 2 Criminology

    1. 1. Larry J. Siegel www.cengage.com/cj/siegel Chapter TwoThe Nature and Extent of Crime Valerie Bell • University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
    2. 2. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) • Part I Crimes • Part II Crimes • Cleared Crimes • Validity of the UCR
    3. 3. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) • Improvement over UCR • 46 specific offenses • 22 crime patterns • Incident, victim, and offender information • 20 states have implemented • 12 states finalizing data collection
    4. 4. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) • Annual survey of victims • Addresses “non-reporting” issue • Information regarding victims, offenders, and crimes. • Validity of the NCVS • Future of the NCVS
    5. 5. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – Self-Report Surveys • Given in groups • Anonymous • Additional questions about attitudes, values , and behaviors. • Validity of Self-Reports • “Monitoring the Future” Survey
    6. 6. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Evaluating Crime Data – Strengths • UCR – Offender data – Information on crimes surveys cannot measure • NCVS – Unreported crimes – Victimization data • Self-report surveys – Information on offenders
    7. 7. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Evaluating Crime Data – Weaknesses • UCR – Does not include unreported crimes • NCVS – Limited samples – Personal recollections – Does not include homicide, drug abuse crimes • Self-report surveys – Rely on honesty of offenders
    8. 8. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – The Ecology of Crime • Day, Season, and Climate • Temperature • Regional Differences – Use of Firearms
    9. 9. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Social Class, Socioeconomic Conditions and Crime • Instrumental crimes • Expressive crimes – Age and Crime
    10. 10. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Age and Crime • Aging out of crime • Age and biology – Neurotransmitters
    11. 11. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Gender and Crime • Official statistics – Male to female arrests 4-1 overall » 5-1 for serious violent crime » 8-1 for murder • Self-report – Same pattern but smaller ratios • Difference is decreasing
    12. 12. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Gender and Crime • Trait differences • Socialization differences • Cognitive differences • Social/political differences
    13. 13. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Race and Crime • Racism and discrimination • Economic and social disparity • Family dissolution
    14. 14. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Chronic Offenders/Criminal Careers – Delinquency in a Birth Cohort • Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin
    15. 15. The Nature & Extent of Crime• Chronic Offenders/Criminal Careers – What Causes Chronicity? • Early onset – Implications of the Chronic Offender Concept • “three-strikes” • “truth-in-sentencing”

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