• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Chapter 2 Criminology
 

Chapter 2 Criminology

on

  • 1,265 views

Chapter 2/Criminology/Cengage Learning

Chapter 2/Criminology/Cengage Learning

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,265
Views on SlideShare
1,263
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://www.alwaysanywherelearning.com 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 1. Be familiar with the various forms of crime data.
  • Learning Objective 2. Know the problems associated with collecting data.
  • Learning Objective 2. Know the problems associated with collecting data.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 5. Compare crime rates under different ecological conditions.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 6. Be able to discuss the association between social class and crime.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 7. Know what is meant by the term “aging out process.”
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 8. Recognize that there are gender and racial patterns in crime.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 8. Recognize that there are gender and racial patterns in crime.
  • Learning Objective 4. Be familiar with the factors that influence crime rates. Learning Objective 8. Recognize that there are gender and racial patterns in crime.
  • Learning Objective 9. Be familiar with Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin’s pioneering research on chronic offending.
  • Learning Objective 10. Know what causes chronicity.

Chapter 2 Criminology Chapter 2 Criminology Presentation Transcript

  • Larry J. Siegel www.cengage.com/cj/siegel Chapter TwoThe Nature and Extent of Crime Valerie Bell • University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) • Part I Crimes • Part II Crimes • Cleared Crimes • Validity of the UCR
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) • Improvement over UCR • 46 specific offenses • 22 crime patterns • Incident, victim, and offender information • 20 states have implemented • 12 states finalizing data collection
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) • Annual survey of victims • Addresses “non-reporting” issue • Information regarding victims, offenders, and crimes. • Validity of the NCVS • Future of the NCVS
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Primary Sources of Crime Data – Self-Report Surveys • Given in groups • Anonymous • Additional questions about attitudes, values , and behaviors. • Validity of Self-Reports • “Monitoring the Future” Survey
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Evaluating Crime Data – Strengths • UCR – Offender data – Information on crimes surveys cannot measure • NCVS – Unreported crimes – Victimization data • Self-report surveys – Information on offenders
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Evaluating Crime Data – Weaknesses • UCR – Does not include unreported crimes • NCVS – Limited samples – Personal recollections – Does not include homicide, drug abuse crimes • Self-report surveys – Rely on honesty of offenders
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – The Ecology of Crime • Day, Season, and Climate • Temperature • Regional Differences – Use of Firearms
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Social Class, Socioeconomic Conditions and Crime • Instrumental crimes • Expressive crimes – Age and Crime
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Age and Crime • Aging out of crime • Age and biology – Neurotransmitters
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Gender and Crime • Official statistics – Male to female arrests 4-1 overall » 5-1 for serious violent crime » 8-1 for murder • Self-report – Same pattern but smaller ratios • Difference is decreasing
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Gender and Crime • Trait differences • Socialization differences • Cognitive differences • Social/political differences
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Crime Patterns – Race and Crime • Racism and discrimination • Economic and social disparity • Family dissolution
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Chronic Offenders/Criminal Careers – Delinquency in a Birth Cohort • Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin
  • The Nature & Extent of Crime• Chronic Offenders/Criminal Careers – What Causes Chronicity? • Early onset – Implications of the Chronic Offender Concept • “three-strikes” • “truth-in-sentencing”