FIGURES AND TROPESWhat is the opposite of figures and tropes? • LiteralWhat is a Trope?
WHAT ARE THEY USED FOR? Some say figures and Others say they make youtropes are more for look deeper into the meaningdecoration. of a text and shape its meaning.
DEAD METAPHORSA figure of speech that has lost its force andimaginative effectiveness through frequent use. • “Legs of a chair”
HYPERBOLEA vast exaggeration. • Elvis Presley being called the “king”.
METONYMY A figure of speech that consists of the use of the name ofone object or concept for that of another to which it isrelated, or of which it is a part. • Crown/Queen
ANTHROPOMORPHISMGiving human characteristics to something that isnot. • Arthur the aardvark.
METAPHORComparing something with an unlike thingwithout using like or as. • Love is a battlefield.Tenor and Vehicle • Juliet is the sun.
SIMILEComparing something with an unlike thing usinglike or as. • “Life is like a box of chocolates”. – Tom Hanks in Forest Gump
SYNECDOCHEUsing a part to refer to a whole. • “Twenty sails came into the harbor.”
ANIMISMAn inanimate object is given life likecharacteristics. • When god is angry it might rain.
PARONOMASIAA pun or word ploy. • Without geometry, life is pointless.
The eliminating of the CATHARSISemotions or relieving of Oedipus the “T” Rexemotional tensions, especiallythrough certain kinds of art, astragedy or music. • When Oedipus Rex discovers that his wife is his own mother and the person he had killed on the road was his own father.
ONOMATOPOEIAThe naming of a thing or action by a vocalimitation of the sound associated with it. • Buzz, hiss, bang.
PERSONIFICATIONThe attribution of a personal nature or characterto inanimate objects or abstract notions. • The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.
INFORMATION FROM… http://dictionary.reference.com/ Bennett, Andrew, and Nicholas Royle. An Introduction toLiterature, Criticism and Theory. Harlow, U.K.:Pearson/Longman, 2009. Print. "Tropes and Figures." Wake Forest University. Web. 27 Feb. 2012.<http://www.wfu.edu/~zulick/454/figures/tropesindex.htm>.
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