Dementia

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Dementia

  1. 1. Katie Vetch Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood Presentation 4
  2. 2. DEMENTIA Organic mental disease marked by: •Confusion, disorientation, stupor •Impairment of memory, judgment, and impulses •Deterioration of mental capacity and function •Personality Changes
  3. 3. MAIN TYPES OF DEMENTIA • Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) (50% of cases) • Strokes • Subcortical dementias such as Parkinson’s Disease • Lewy Body Disease
  4. 4. ALZHEIMER’S STAGES P. 1 1. Mild dementia changes– may be confused with normal aging 2. Generalized confusion, deficits in shortterm memory, personality changes Away from Her (2007 Film) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ux0bEY wAq2E
  5. 5. ALZHEIMER’S STAGES P. 2 3. Memory loss becomes dangerous 4. Full-time care needed; failure to recognize loved-ones 5. Almost completely unresponsive; death occurs * The course of AD is usually 7-15 years
  6. 6. ALZEIMER’S AND THE BRAIN *Autopsy is the most conclusive way to diagnose AD • • Tangled nerve fibers and plaques build up • What are the Pros and cons of autopsy?
  7. 7. ALZHIMER’S CAUSES • Genes (currently only found in 1% to 5% of cases) • Chemical • Secondary health issues, such as autoimmune or viral • Blood vessel defects • Head trauma * While several genes are linked with AD, no known links exist yet with other proposed causes
  8. 8. OTHER ORGANIC DEMENTIAS • Strokes—Blood vessel obstruction in brain • Parkinson’s Disease—Degenerative Neurological Disorder • Lewy Body Disease—Deposits of proteins in neurons
  9. 9. DEALING WITH DEMENTIA The Alzheimer's Caregiver http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_ZtZXahdjU • How may loved-ones cope with changes and challenges?

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