TOPIC Chapter 23 History:
Civilizations of the Americas
EQ: Who were the Maya?
Where did they come from?
There were 3 civilizations in the
Americas… • Mayans
• Aztecs
• Incas
• They all lived in Central
and South America
• When...
First, we will explore the Mayans!
• Civilization lasted 3,
500 years!
– 2000B.C.E. -1500 C.E.
• They lived in S. Mexico
a...
• Just as the Roman Empire fell (476 C.E.) in
Western Europe, the Maya were
developing in the Americas
• Mayan civilizatio...
Mayans were influenced by:
• Olmec people
– Lived on east coast
of Mexico 1200-500
BCE
– Grew maize as
major food supply
–...
There were 3 major Mayan periods of
civilization:
#1 – Pre-Classical period (2000 B.C.E. to
300 C.E.
-During this time, Ma...
As the population increased,
• Maya constructed public buildings for gov’t and
religious purposes
• 50 BCE – created form ...
Mayan civilization reached its peak
during CLASSIC PERIOD 300-900
CE • Adapted/developed
ideas from Olmec
• Though Mayans ...
Mayans lived in independent city
states: Tikal, Copan, Chichen Itza,
Palenque
• Mayan society was
structured like a
pyrami...
Around 900 CE, Classic Civilization
collapsed!
• Maya abandoned cities
• No one really knows
why
• To the north, on
Yucata...
Under the ruler were…
• Nobles and priests
• They were only
Mayans who could
read or write!
• Helped collext taxes,
suppli...
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Topic chapter 23 history mayans intro

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Mayan introduction

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Topic chapter 23 history mayans intro

  1. 1. TOPIC Chapter 23 History: Civilizations of the Americas EQ: Who were the Maya? Where did they come from?
  2. 2. There were 3 civilizations in the Americas… • Mayans • Aztecs • Incas • They all lived in Central and South America • When settled, they began to farm • More food, increase in population • Increase in trading, use of different languages
  3. 3. First, we will explore the Mayans! • Civilization lasted 3, 500 years! – 2000B.C.E. -1500 C.E. • They lived in S. Mexico and parts of Central America • Ruins of Mayan cities still exist – Tikal lies in the Guatemala jungle and is 1 of 40 Mayan cities
  4. 4. • Just as the Roman Empire fell (476 C.E.) in Western Europe, the Maya were developing in the Americas • Mayan civilization spread over Mesoamerica (modern day Mexico) – Lived in jungles, forests, rainforests, swamps, and grasslands
  5. 5. Mayans were influenced by: • Olmec people – Lived on east coast of Mexico 1200-500 BCE – Grew maize as major food supply – Farming allowed them to create PERMANENT settlements – Built temples and even used solar (SUN) calendars
  6. 6. There were 3 major Mayan periods of civilization: #1 – Pre-Classical period (2000 B.C.E. to 300 C.E. -During this time, Maya farmed land and lived in simple homes or compounds
  7. 7. As the population increased, • Maya constructed public buildings for gov’t and religious purposes • 50 BCE – created form of writing called hieroglyphics – Pictures or symbols
  8. 8. Mayan civilization reached its peak during CLASSIC PERIOD 300-900 CE • Adapted/developed ideas from Olmec • Though Mayans had no metal tools or wheels, built HUGE stone temples • Charted movement of moon, starts, planets • Used knowledge of astronomy/math to create calendars
  9. 9. Mayans lived in independent city states: Tikal, Copan, Chichen Itza, Palenque • Mayan society was structured like a pyramid • Rulers of each city-state was at top • Ruler (Halach) was like god king – He decided when to do to war, wore headdress
  10. 10. Around 900 CE, Classic Civilization collapsed! • Maya abandoned cities • No one really knows why • To the north, on Yucatan Peninsula, Mayan cities continued to grow • This is POST-Classic period 900-1500 CE
  11. 11. Under the ruler were… • Nobles and priests • They were only Mayans who could read or write! • Helped collext taxes, supplies • In charge of archetecture projects • Led rituals

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