The spread of islam in west africa

984 views
581 views

Published on

The Spread of Islam in West Africa

Published in: Education, Spiritual
1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
984
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The spread of islam in west africa

  1. 1. CORNELL NOTE TOPIC: THE SPREAD OF ISLAM IN WEST AFRICA EQ: How was Islam spread and followed in ancient Africa?
  2. 2. TRANS-SAHARAN TRADE BROUGHT ISLAM TO WEST AFRICA • Between 639-708 C.E., Arab Muslims conquered North Africa Map shows how N. Africa was mainly Muslim! (GREEN) • They wanted to bring Islam to West Africa too, but knew it would be hard to cross the Sahara Desert • Islam first reached Ghana through Muslim traders and missionaries (people who spread religion)
  3. 3. HOW DID THE PEOPLE OF GHANA REACT TO THE NEW RELIGION OF ISLAM? • The king of Ghana did not convert to Islam • He did allow Muslims to build homes/mosques within the kingdom • Many Muslim merchants and traders settled in Kumbi (A great marketplace city) • Overtime, Muslim communities grew, had 12 mosques (temples), an imam (prayer leader) Muslim Mosque in Africa
  4. 4. IT WAS NOT LONG BEFORE MORE VIOLENCE OCCURRED! • 11th century (1076), Muslims from the north called the Almorvarids waged jihad (holy war) in West Africa. • They captured Kumbi (the city) • They did not have power long, but helped spread Islam
  5. 5. TO THE SOUTH OF GHANA, THE MANDE PEOPLE ALSO ACCEPTED ISLAM A mural of Mali leader Mansa Musa • This group of people took over the marketplace city of Kumbi • In 1312, a new leader, Mansa Musa took over in Mali • He was the first to practice the religion Islam • He made Hajj or the religious trip to Makkah in Arabia
  6. 6. HIS HOLY JOURNEY OR PILGRIMAGE WAS AN ENORMOUS TASK! • The trip covered 3,000 miles • As many as 80,000 people went with him on the hajj • He reached Cairo, Egypt in July of 1324 after traveling for 8 months! • He had 500 slaves with him, each carrying a 6 pound golden staff • He also had 200 camels, 30,000 pounds of gold!
  7. 7. SOMETHING INTERESTING HAPPENED BETWEEN MANSA MUSA AND THE SULTAN OF CAIRO EGYPT! GOLD! • When Musa met the sultan, he was asked to kneel before the sultan • Musa felt insulted and full of pride • He finally agreed to kneel and the sultan invited him to SIT next to him as an equal • When Musa left Egypt for Makkah, everyone from all the lands was impressed by his wealth. • HE GAINED FAME!
  8. 8. RELIGIOUS PRACTICES IN WEST AFRICA • As Islam spread, people practiced the five pillars of faith • Prayed, fasted, gave to poor, etc. • Even though some Africans converted to Islam, many held on to older religious practices
  9. 9. WHAT WERE SOME OF THE OLDER RELIGIOUS PRACTICES? • They worshipped spirits of dead ancestors or family members • Prayed to them, made sacrifices for them • They also used AMULETS or charms. • They hung these in their homes to protect them and give them good luck • (WE WILL MAKE THESE TOMORROW IN CLASS!)
  10. 10. NOW: STOP TAKING CORNELL NOTES. OBSERVE EACH PICTURE AND DO YOUR BEST TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT GO WITH EACH ONE. IF YOU ARE NOT SURE, MAKE YOUR BEST EDUCATED INFERENCE.

×