<ul><li>Introduction to Objectives Writing and Lesson planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Miguel Carranza, MsE  </li></ul></ul>...
Yesterday´s objectives <ul><li>Can you list at least two of the course  objectives? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you tell at leas...
Today´s objectives <ul><li>To tell the importance of objectives in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>To mention  some histo...
Learning Objectives: Writing  Beginning With The End In Mind
Beginning With The End In Mind
Where do we go from here? <ul><li>Alice:  Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here? The Cat:  That dep...
Don´t get lost !
What are objectives? Objectives are statements which describe what the learner is expected to achieve as a  result of inst...
Some other names you will see for behavioral objectives include: <ul><li>• Learning objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Outcome...
Historical facts about objectives <ul><li>Objectives were conceptualized and used </li></ul><ul><li>during WWII as a way t...
To define your lesson's objectives, consider the following questions:  <ul><li>What will students accomplish during this l...
My love and hate relationship <ul><li>My love & hate relationship with objectives! </li></ul><ul><li>Analize the complexit...
Never forget  where you want to go or  take your sts (educationally speaking).
Beliefs on planning <ul><li>  Rate the following statements </li></ul><ul><li>0 (totally disagree) to 5 (totally agree). <...
Why is Lesson Planning Important? <ul><li>Forces us to think through WHAT we want the students to learn.  </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>gives the teacher the opportunity to predict possible problems and therefore consider solutions  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Effective lesson planning is the basis of effective teaching. A plan is a guide for the teacher as to where to go ...
º UNIT PLAN ADVANCED I SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES  FAMILY, FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES TIME: 8 HOURS FOREIGN LANUGAGE DEPARTME...
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Introtoplanning2011

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Introtoplanning2011

  1. 1. <ul><li>Introduction to Objectives Writing and Lesson planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Miguel Carranza, MsE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Kansas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>graduate </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Yesterday´s objectives <ul><li>Can you list at least two of the course objectives? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you tell at least two major areas of the course contents? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you list one characteristic of good objectives? </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Today´s objectives <ul><li>To tell the importance of objectives in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>To mention some historic facts about objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>To list other names under learning objectives go by. </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Learning Objectives: Writing Beginning With The End In Mind
  5. 5. Beginning With The End In Mind
  6. 6. Where do we go from here? <ul><li>Alice: Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here? The Cat: That depends a good deal on where you want to get to Alice: I don't much care where. The Cat: Then it doesn't much matter which way you go. </li></ul><ul><li>Alice in Wonderland </li></ul>
  7. 7. Don´t get lost !
  8. 8. What are objectives? Objectives are statements which describe what the learner is expected to achieve as a result of instruction. Because they direct attention to the student and the types of behaviors they should exhibit, sometimes these statements are called “behavioral” objectives.
  9. 9. Some other names you will see for behavioral objectives include: <ul><li>• Learning objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>• Enabling objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Terminal objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Educational objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Performance objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Instructional objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Aims </li></ul><ul><li>• Competencies </li></ul>
  10. 10. Historical facts about objectives <ul><li>Objectives were conceptualized and used </li></ul><ul><li>during WWII as a way to make teaching and </li></ul><ul><li>learning more efficient, similar to the way they work in the industry ( or maquilas). </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1950s and in the 1960s this approach was applied to the public schools. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1960s health professions schools were developing behavioral objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>1962 = publication of Preparing Instructional Objectives by Robert F. Mager </li></ul>
  11. 11. To define your lesson's objectives, consider the following questions: <ul><li>What will students accomplish during this lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>To what specific level (i.e. 75% accuracy) will the students perform a given task in order for the lesson to be considered satisfactorily accomplished? </li></ul><ul><li>Exactly how will the students show that they understood and learned the goals of your lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>(list, name, define, tell, describe, present, explain, </li></ul>
  12. 12. My love and hate relationship <ul><li>My love & hate relationship with objectives! </li></ul><ul><li>Analize the complexity of the objective </li></ul><ul><li>(some can be achieved faster and easier than others). </li></ul><ul><li>See the forest and not the trees! </li></ul><ul><li>We need clarity and vision </li></ul>
  13. 13. Never forget where you want to go or take your sts (educationally speaking).
  14. 14. Beliefs on planning <ul><li>  Rate the following statements </li></ul><ul><li>0 (totally disagree) to 5 (totally agree). </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson plans restrict teachers when they are in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers should spend more time making good plans than actually teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>If an activity is worth doing ( e.g. an enjoyable language drill, or a game), It´s worth spending some time doing it- e.g. for 30 to 40 or more minutes (playing monopoly). </li></ul><ul><li>It does not matter what’s in the plan so long as there is lots of variety in it. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important thing about an activity in the plan is that it should have the potential to amuse (entertain) the students. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why is Lesson Planning Important? <ul><li>Forces us to think through WHAT we want the students to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Forces us to think through HOW we will teach it. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows us to decide in advance what equipment, supplies, and materials we will need to assemble for the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides structure for both teacher and students. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases likelihood that learning will occur. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>gives the teacher the opportunity to predict possible problems and therefore consider solutions </li></ul><ul><li>makes sure that lesson is balanced and appropriate for class </li></ul><ul><li>gives teacher confidence </li></ul><ul><li>planning is generally good practice and a sign of professionalism </li></ul><ul><li>But what if the textbook tells you what to do.. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Effective lesson planning is the basis of effective teaching. A plan is a guide for the teacher as to where to go and how to get there. However - don't let the plan dominate - be flexible in your planning so that when the opportunities arise you can go with the flow. </li></ul>
  18. 18. º UNIT PLAN ADVANCED I SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES FAMILY, FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES TIME: 8 HOURS FOREIGN LANUGAGE DEPARTMENT Unit Objectives Content Methodology Materials Evaluation Bibliography Students will (be able to) Language functions Language forms Vocabulary Students’ activities Teacher’s activities Formal Assessment Informal assessment ?????????

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