UNIVERSITY OF LUZON GRADUATE SCHOOLThe American curriculum REPORTER: KATHLEEN L. ENCARNACION
American Curriculum• The American – divised curriculum was dominated with the motive of conquering the Filipinos not only physically but also intellectually.
• The public school system established and headed by an American until 1935, was to train the Filipinos after the American culture and way of life.• The curriculum was based on the ideals and traditions of America and hierarchy of values.
• The reading materials were about Tom, Dick and Harry, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.• Filipino children were taught to draw houses with chimneys and to play the role of Indians and cowboys.
• They sang the Star – Sprangled Banner and Philippines, My Philippines to the tune of Maryland, My Maryland.• English was the medium of instruction.
2 aspects of training1. Body training - singing, drawing, handwork, and physical education.2. Mental training - English (reading, writing, conversation, phonetics, and spelling)
Grade iii curriculum• Geography and Civic were added to the list of the subjects. Intermediate Curriculum• Consisted of subjects such asArithmetic, Geography, Scienceand English.***Science included plant life,physiology and sanitation.
Collegiate level curriculum• Normal schools were opened with a teacher’s training curriculum appropriate for elementary mentors.• It’s aim was to replace the soldiers and the “Thomasites”.
• The curriculum organization remained separate – subject.• Group method of teaching was adopted.The significant aspect of theAmerican – devised curriculum wasthe prohibition of compulsoryreligious instruction in the publicschools.
1935 – 1946 (commonwealth period)• Considered as the period of expansion and reform in the Philippine curriculum.• American – trained Filipino teachers applied in the Philippines the educational reforms they learned from U.S.
Bureau of education• Expanded the curriculum for the training by elevating it from the secondary normal schools to the collegiate level.• It’s the 2 years training after the high school.• Collegiate normal schools operated in 1939.
Commonwealth act 586• also known as Educational Act of 1940.• Reorganized the elementary school system by eliminating Grade VII and providing for the double – single session in which pupils attended classes for one- half day only.