The Ethics of Acquiring Documents Before Litigation

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Presentation at 2013 Taxpayers Against Fraud Education Fund conference

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The Ethics of Acquiring Documents Before Litigation

  1. 1. The Ethics of Acquiring Documents Before Litigation Kathleen Clark Washington University in St Louis kathleen_clark@mac.com TAF Conference 2013
  2. 2. Intersection of Legal Ethics & Law of Whistleblowing
  3. 3. Documents: Purloined? Privileged?
  4. 4. by David J. Marshall and Abigail Cook-Mack
  5. 5. Are confidentiality agreements enforceable?
  6. 6. US ex rel Grandeau v Cancer Treatment Centers of America N.D. Ill. 2004
  7. 7. confidentiality agreement cannot trump the FCA’s strong policy of protecting whistleblowers who report fraud against the government
  8. 8. US ex rel Head v Kane Co D.D.C. 2009
  9. 9. SEC Dodd-Frank Whistleblower regulation
  10. 10. Can’t impede individual from communicating with SEC by enforcing a confidentiality agreement
  11. 11. US ex rel Cafasso v General Dynamics th 9 Cir 2011
  12. 12. wholesale copying of files admittedly containing confidential, proprietary & trade secret information
  13. 13. What can whistleblower lawyers do ?
  14. 14. Tell client: “Don’t provide privileged documents”
  15. 15. Delegate to client privilege review
  16. 16. Lawyer herself reviews
  17. 17. Other lawyer in firm reviews
  18. 18. Paralegal in firm reviews
  19. 19. LPO reviews
  20. 20. Predictive Coding
  21. 21. Ad hoc
  22. 22. After review: segregate & return privileged documents
  23. 23. 5 cases Lawyer As Relator
  24. 24. US ex rel Doe v X Corp ED VA 1994 Vermont Agency Natl Res v US ex rel Stevens SCt 2000 Bury v Community Hospital Ca5thApp 2002 US ex rel Repko v Guthrie Clinic MD PA 2008, 2011 US ex rel Fair Laboratory Practice Assoc v Quest 2nd Cir 2013
  25. 25. US ex rel Doe v X Corp ED VA 1994 Vermont Agency Natl Res v US ex rel Stevens Attorneys “should be encouraged” to use qui tam law suits to expose fraud MD PA 2008, 2011 US ex rel Fair Laboratory Practice Assoc v Quest SDNY 2011
  26. 26. $ incentives > confidentiality based on contract
  27. 27. $ incentives ? > confidentiality based on professional rules
  28. 28. $ incentives confidentiality < based on professional rules
  29. 29. US ex rel Fair Laboratory Practice Associates v Quest 2nd Cir October 25, 2013
  30. 30. The Ethics of Acquiring Documents Before Litigation Kathleen Clark Washington University in St Louis kathleen_clark@mac.com TAF Conference 2013

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