THE ORIGINS OF HALLOWEENHe origins of Halloween go backvery far, to the ancient Celts.The Celts lived in the BritishIsles during ancient times. Theywere pagans. They believed in thegods of nature.
There were two important festivals onthe Celtic calendar. One was calledBeltane . It marked the beginning ofsummer. The other was calledSamhain. It marked the end ofsummer, on October 31. Samhain wasalso the last day of the years on theCeltic calendar.
the Celts were afraid of winter . Theyassociated it with death and evil spirits.The Druids were Celtic priests and teachers.they were very important in Celtic society. Everyone respected them. Theypractised magic and religious rituals.
Samhain, October 31, was aimportant dayfor theDruids. Theymade big firesto frightenthe spirits ofevil and death.
On October 31, the Druidspredicted the future. The Celticpeople dressed in scary costumes tofrighten the evil spirits. Theydressed as witches, ghosts andskeletons. They also played gamesto bring good luck in the new year.
The Celts believed that on thenight of October 31, ghosts cameout of their tombs. the spirits ofthe dead returned to earth.After the roman invasion in 43 AD.Samhain also became a harvestfestival.the Romans had a harvest festivalcalled Pomona.
Pomona was the roman goddess ofgardens and orchards. nuts, fruitsand apples were part of theSamhain ceremonies. apples weresacred and lucky. the colours ofHalloween are orange and black.they represent the harvest(orange) and death (black).After the romaninvasion, Christian rites
The first day of November wasthe day of all saints for theChristians. it was called allhallows’ day (the day of all saints).the evening of October 31 was allhallows’ eve. This was shortenedto Halloween.The Druid religion went on for along time in Ireland and Scotland.Halloween continued to beimportant in both places.
In the 19th century, Irish immigrantsbrought their Halloween customs tothe united states. Now Halloween isone of the biggest festivities in theunited states. The date is on everyAmerican calendar.The first day of November was theday of all saints for the Christians. Itwas called all hallows’ day (the day ofall saints). The evening of October 31was all hallows’ eve. This wasshortened to Halloween.