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Pre hispanic philippines
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Pre hispanic philippines


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  • 1. Pre-Hispanic Philippines
    Society is divided to three classes:
    A person’s status may immediately be changed in this period: A Datu may become a slave and a slave may become a Datu.
  • 2. Datu
    The leader of the community
    Soldiers are included in this class of society
    The lowest class of the society
  • 3. Slavery may be due to the ff:
    Inherited status
    Captured by the enemies in war
    Those who cannot pay their debt
    Punishment of the crime committed
    Sold to become slave
  • 4. 2 kinds of slaves in Tagalog
    Aliping namamahay – those who have their own houses and only works for their master in times of sowing and harvest.
    Aliping saguiguilid – those who live in their master’s house and does what their master told them to do.
  • 5. Government
    The Barangay is the basic unit of government . It may compose of about 30-100 families. Every barangay is autonomous, and is ruled by either a Datu, Rajah, King or Lakan.
  • 6. Powers of a Datu:
    In times of peace: Executive, Legislator and Chief Justice.
    In war: he is the commander in chief of the armed forces
    Foreign affairs: the datu enables treatise and truse(sanduguan)
  • 7. How one can be a Datu
    It may be inherited, either by a man or a woman. (the eldest child)
    Or may be chosen by the community according to the following characteristics (bravest, wealthiest or the wisest)
  • 8. Laws
    It may be written or not
    Unwritten laws are spoken laws that is passed by of course the word of mouth, and may be passed through generations.
    Written laws are made by the Datu together with the council of the elders as his advisers.
    Written laws are proclaimed by the umalokohans
  • 9. Family
    The society encourages the marriage of equal status in the society. But it does not discourage marriages of different class. A Datu may be married to a slave.
    Divorce is allowed in some parts of the country due to: if the wife is unfaithful, if the man abandons his wife and children, domestic violence, barren or impotence.
  • 10. Spanish era:
    • Governor, Governor General or Captain General is the highest local position (only for Spaniard General).
    • 11. The Governor General represents the King of Spain.
    • 12. He has the powers: Legislate, Executive and Judicial Powers.
    • 13. Has the right to suspend the orders of the King it is called Cumplase.
    • He is the commander in chief of the Armed Forces
    • 14. Has the capacity to remove any government official except those appointed by the King of Spain.
    • 15. Foreign Affairs: He has the right to make treatise, and accept establishment of embassies and etc.
    • 16. The right to declare war
    • 17. Patron of the Church may recommend a priest and resolve any crisis among clergies (Patronadoreal) royal patronage.
  • The advisers of the Governor General
    • Board authority: 1850, Cabinet composed of ( Archbishop of Manila, 2nd General, admiral of the sea, director general, general of civil administration, president of the supreme court and the solicitor general.
    • 18. Council of administration: 1861, Council of the State. Compose of: Council of Authority, government treasurer, head of religious orders, president of SociedadEconomico, delegates from Luzon, Visayas and Minadanao compose of 3 representatives and 4 appointees of the King.
  • Ways of stopping the powers of the Governor General
    • Audencia – Supreme Court
    • 19. The Archbishop of Manila together with the influential clergy, that may influence the King.
    • 20. Complains of the lower officials that are brought to the King.
    • 21. Residencia
    • 22. Visitador
  • Encomienda
    Encomienda de real Corona – owned by the King.
    Encomienda de particulares – owned by individual.
  • 23. Provinces are divided into 2
    • Alcadia: these are the provinces which attains a peaceful status, fully controlled by the Spanish government. It is governed by the Alcalde Mayor (Luzon and Visayas)
    • 24. Corigimiente: the province that are not yet peaceful administered by Corregidor (Mindanao, Palawan, Mindoro and Northern Luzon).
  • Alcalde bayor
    • Appointed by the governor Gneral
    • 25. Has the executive and Legislative Powers
    • 26. The Head of Tax Collection of the province.
    • 27. Has the rights for Commerce (indulto de Comercio).
    • 28. Provinces are divided to pueblos governed by little governors (gobernadorcillo).