• The creation of anything of value such as
goods, services, or ideas that people want and
are willing to pay for.
• Operation stage of any business.
• The processing of materials into a new
-A finished product follows after the raw materials
have been procured. A finished product in one industry
may be considered a raw material in another industry
that uses in it the manufacturer of a more complex
-The term “manufacturing process” refers to the
method used in manufacturing finished products, such
as wire and cooking utensils.
The Extractive Process
- the raw materials used in making a new product
are taken from the land, air, and ocean. The term
“extractive process” means using methods, such
as mining or quarrying, in digging out there raw
The Analytical Process
-Is one in which a raw materials is broken up into its
-The chemical industry is another example of the
analytical process whereby raw materials taken from
the air, water, or minerals are refined into a wide
assortment of useful products.
-The meat packaging industry is still another wellknown example of the analytical process.
The Synthetic Process
-Is exactly the opposite of the analytical-to synthesize is to put
-Combines raw materials to form a new product.
Plastic, paints, drugs, fertilizers, and concrete are examples of
product made by the synthetic process.
- The fact that such processes require several different types of
raw materials in varying quantities sometimes gives rise to
serious shortage problems. Manufacturers must exercise care to
ensure that adequate supplies of all needed materials are on hand.
The Fabricating Process
-Is to put together things to form a whole. The fabricating process
includes the shaping of material into a new forms (stamping an
auto fender from sheet metal, for instance) as well as the
assembling of many parts into an integrated product.
-Manufacturing pertains to the coordinated employment of men
and machines to produce economic goods from raw materials. It
is the cornerstone of any business because it employs directly
approximately one-fourth of all gainfully employed persons, and
in addition, supports many other closely-related business
activities. Without manufacturing, there would be little need for
transportation and communication and few goods to merchandise.
-Manufacturing is characterized by the practices of
specialization, mechanization, and mass operations. The
machine is the key to modern industrial processes, manpower
is utilized to supervise, maintain, operate and coordinate
-Procedural production control is secured through
planning, routing, scheduling, and dispatching. The
performance control standard is obtained by time and motion
studies and comparisons of outputs with expected standards.
Inspection is used to maintain standards, identify defective
materials and workmanship, and discover areas where
improvement in the manufacturing processes are needed.