Production and Operations Management


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Production and Operations Management

  1. 1. Kate S. Magpoc
  2. 2. Planning Controlling Organizing Staffing Directing
  3. 3. • The creation of anything of value such as goods, services, or ideas that people want and are willing to pay for. • Operation stage of any business. • The processing of materials into a new expected form.
  4. 4. Manufacturing Process -A finished product follows after the raw materials have been procured. A finished product in one industry may be considered a raw material in another industry that uses in it the manufacturer of a more complex product. -The term “manufacturing process” refers to the method used in manufacturing finished products, such as wire and cooking utensils.
  5. 5. The Extractive Process - the raw materials used in making a new product are taken from the land, air, and ocean. The term “extractive process” means using methods, such as mining or quarrying, in digging out there raw materials.
  6. 6. The Analytical Process -Is one in which a raw materials is broken up into its component. -The chemical industry is another example of the analytical process whereby raw materials taken from the air, water, or minerals are refined into a wide assortment of useful products. -The meat packaging industry is still another wellknown example of the analytical process.
  7. 7. The Synthetic Process -Is exactly the opposite of the analytical-to synthesize is to put together. -Combines raw materials to form a new product. Plastic, paints, drugs, fertilizers, and concrete are examples of product made by the synthetic process. - The fact that such processes require several different types of raw materials in varying quantities sometimes gives rise to serious shortage problems. Manufacturers must exercise care to ensure that adequate supplies of all needed materials are on hand.
  8. 8. The Fabricating Process -Is to put together things to form a whole. The fabricating process includes the shaping of material into a new forms (stamping an auto fender from sheet metal, for instance) as well as the assembling of many parts into an integrated product. -Manufacturing pertains to the coordinated employment of men and machines to produce economic goods from raw materials. It is the cornerstone of any business because it employs directly approximately one-fourth of all gainfully employed persons, and in addition, supports many other closely-related business activities. Without manufacturing, there would be little need for transportation and communication and few goods to merchandise.
  9. 9. -Manufacturing is characterized by the practices of specialization, mechanization, and mass operations. The machine is the key to modern industrial processes, manpower is utilized to supervise, maintain, operate and coordinate mechanized operations. -Procedural production control is secured through planning, routing, scheduling, and dispatching. The performance control standard is obtained by time and motion studies and comparisons of outputs with expected standards. Inspection is used to maintain standards, identify defective materials and workmanship, and discover areas where improvement in the manufacturing processes are needed.