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Pre spanish art in the philippines hardcopy
 

Pre spanish art in the philippines hardcopy

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    Pre spanish art in the philippines hardcopy Pre spanish art in the philippines hardcopy Document Transcript

    • Kate S. Magpoc BSTM- 3A Pre Spanish Art in the Philippines Long before the arrival of the Spaniards, ancient Filipinos were living in scattered barangays and ruled by different chieftains. Although, they were living separately, they were similar in many ways, their religion, mode of dressing, houses, system of government and marriage practices and economic activities, in short, they wee refined and civilized; they possessed a distinct culture that distinguish them from other race. HOUSES • Houses were made of light materials like wood, bamboo and nipa palm. A ladder was placed to prevent strangers from intruding when the owner was not around. Strong post at the lower part of the house was enclosed. A jar of heart was placed in a gallery called “batalan”. • Some of them built tree houses to protect themselves against their enemies or from being attacked by wild animals. CLOTHING • Male clothing - consisted of the upper and lower parts. The upper part was a jacket with short sleeves called “kangan” while the lower part was a strip of cloth wrapped around the waist and in between the legs called “bahag”. Males used a piece of cloth or a headgear called “putong”. - Putong symbolized the number of persons the wearer had killed. • Female clothing - they wore “baro or camisa”, a jacket with leeves. The lower part was called “saya”.
    • ORNAMENT • The natives wore ornament made of gold and precious stones. Women including men wore armlet, leg lets, bracelets, gold rings and earring. Putting tattoos in their body was practiced. • Males having many tattoos were admired because it signified bravery in war. They also inserted gold between their teeth as an ornament. MUSIC Natives were without a doubt, music lovers. Each community had their own sets of musical instrument. In the account of Pigafetta, the official historian of Magellan expedition, women from Cebu were harmoniously playing - cymbals (plantiles) - nose flutes, bamboo mouth organs (aphiw) - brass gong (gansa) - flute (bansic) - long drum (colibao) - bamboo harp (subing) - water whistle (paiyak) - guitar (bugtot) - xylophone (agong) - drum (tugo)
    • LITERARTURE The early form of literature during pre-Spanish period was a classified into written or oral. Examples of oral literature consisted of; - maxims (sabi) - Bugtong (riddles) • - Boat song (talindaw) - Biag ni Lam-Ang (Ilocano epic) - Victory songs (tagumpay) - Indarapatra at Sulayman and Bidasari (Muslim Epics) - Lullaby (uyayi) - Handiong (Bicolanos) - Wedding song (ihiman) - War song (kumintang) etc. ALIBATA examples of written literature are;